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Find out all about what is Xanthan Gum substitute/s in this article.

What is Xanthan Gum substitute?

To replace xanthan gum in recipes, first you have to understand its purpose. This powder is a natural, gluten-free compound that adds viscosity to recipes that eliminate gluten. When mixed with water, it forms a gel that binds ingredients together and provides a decent elastic texture for breads and cakes. It also forms air pockets that give bread and cakes their characteristic crumb texture.

What is Xanthan Gum substitute?

When used in liquid recipes, such as salad dressings, it helps keep the mixture blended and emulsified. While you can find a number of good substitutes, it will take practice to determine the right proportions so that your baked goods turn out the way you want them.

Is Xanthan Gum safe for dogs


Arrowroot has a similar appearance and consistency to cornstarch. The arrowroot plant is native to South America where historically it served many purposes. When used as a thickening agent, it coagulates at a lower temperature than cornstarch. However, more arrowroot powder is needed to produce the same effect as xanthan gum.

Arrowroot Powder

What is Xanthan Gum substitute – Agar Agar

Agar agar is a vegan alternative to gelatin (and less expensive!). It is derived from seaweed and is a common food additive in food processing plants. Much like gelatin, agar agar can be found in a flavorless variety and it acts as a thickener, stabilizer, texturizer, forming a gel-like substance when mixed with water.

What is Xanthan Gum substitute - Agar Agar

Guar Gum

Guar gum is another natural gluten-free alternative to xanthan gum. It is a white powdery substance similar in consistency to cornstarch. It is derived from a legume plant found in East India. Guar gum functions as a binder that works well in creamy dishes and sauces. However, it can have laxative properties in some people. Use 1 1/2 times the amount of guar gum in a recipe that calls for xanthan gum.

Guar Gum

What is Xanthan Gum substitute – Gelatin

Gelatin is made from boiled animal bones and other tissues (kosher gelatin can be produced from fish bones). This product is most often associated with colorful desserts and store-bought pastry fillings. While gelatin is a viable substitute for xanthan gum, vegetarians and vegans tend to avoid it because it’s an animal product.

What is Xanthan Gum substitute - Gelatin


Psyllium Fiber (Psyllium Husk Powder)

Psyllium fiber is found in most health stores as a dietary fiber supplement. It’s popular among bodybuilders and athletes as it helps maintain their digestive health while actively helping to reduce cholesterol. So that’s why it may come as a bit of a surprise that psyllium husk powder has been shown to be a great binding agent which improves the baking quality of bread.

Psyllium Fiber (Psyllium Husk Powder)

What is Xanthan Gum substitute – Chia Seeds

Chia seeds are used for everything from sprinkling into flour mixes to add a nutritional boost to substituting for an egg. From a nutritional perspective, chia seeds are as close to a ‘super food’ as you can get. They are rich in Omega 3 fatty acids (more than 2.5 times that of flax seed), protein and fiber, just to mention a few. On top of all that, they can be used as a binding agent too.

What is Xanthan Gum substitute - Chia Seeds

Besides being very high in soluble fiber, they are also hydrophilic (water absorbing). Chia seeds can absorb up to 12 times their own weight in water, forming a gel like substance which locks in moisture.

Egg Whites

Egg whites are both a binder and a leavening agent, which means that not only can they be used to help bind foods together, they can also help them rise. Egg whites make an excellent substitution for xanthan gum in cakes and quick and batter breads. They do not work as well in kneaded breads. Use one egg white for every tablespoon of xanthan gum in a recipe. Keep in mind that your finished product will be very light and airy and may need a larger pan.

Egg Whites

What is Xanthan Gum substitute – Ground Flax Seeds

Flax seeds are far more common than their chia counterparts. While we tend to associate them with baking, flax seeds are healthy too.

In gluten-free baking, ground flax seeds do a great job of binding ingredients together and mimicking that desirable ‘gluten effect’ by adding moisture and softness to your baking.

What is Xanthan Gum substitute - Ground Flax Seeds


With a similar consistency to xanthan gum, cornstarch is a great filler for your recipes if you need more volume.



Obtained from the red algae, Irish moss, carrageenan is a plant-based product that can be used in place of gelatin or xanthan gum in cakes, pastries, dairy products, and more.


read more about Xanthan Gum on Google Scholar

Realted Sources

Guar Gum This gum is commonly mistaken for xanthan but is technically a different substance despite sharing many of the same properties. (

Guar gum is extracted from the guar bean, which is native to tropical Asia. (

Other Common Concerns: Is Xanthan Gum Keto-friendly, Vegan, Gluten-free, Non-GMO? (

If you have celiac disease or gluten sensitivity, make sure to confirm that the product is gluten-free before use. (

The Many Uses of Xanthan Gum: A Keto Cook’s Secret Weapon Because of its unique properties, xanthan gum is one of the most versatile ingredients for gluten-free and low-carb cooking. (

Xanthan gum is a popular food additive that’s commonly added as a thickener or stabilizer. (

Although we don’t recommend supplementing with it for this benefit, using the gum as a food additive can help increase your total soluble fiber intake, which can help modestly improve cholesterol numbers as well. (

Chia Seeds When mixed with water, these seeds turn into a thick gel similar to egg whites. (

This chia seed gel can be used to help give structure to keto breads and pastries or thicken shakes and smoothies. (

To replace xanthan gum, try using a mixture of one tablespoon of chia seeds with three tablespoons of water for every tablespoon of xanthan gum. (

Chia seeds can also be used in place of xanthan gum for keto smoothies and drinks. (

Ground Flaxseeds (Flaxseed Meal) Ground flaxseeds do a great job of binding ingredients together and mimicking some of gluten’s properties by adding moisture and softness to your baking. (

To replace xanthan gum, try using the same amount of ground flaxseed mixed with two times the water. (

How it works in gluten-free baking : acts as a binder and thickener. (

How it works in gluten-free baking : helps to bind and thicken. (

This fundamental property is what makes the gum powder a great thickening, suspending, and stabilizing agent for many products, from salad dressing and gravy to keto ice cream and baked goods. (

It is used to create a homogenous ice cream base for many keto ice cream recipes as well. (

The production of xanthan gum involves the combination of sugars (usually from corn, wheat, and/or soy), specific micronutrients, and a group of bacterium called Xanthomonas campestris. (

It doesn’t work quite as well in hot water or acidic solutions, however, so you may want to choose another option for salad dressings and soups. (

Here are some of the most commonly used keto-friendly replacements for xanthan gum: Psyllium Husk Powder When these husks are ground up, they make a soluble fiber-rich powder that can serve as an excellent thickener and binding agent when exposed to water. (

In comparison, gum substitutes are generally gel-like in consistency and are much weaker in their structure. (

But avoid any flavored gelatin. (

When baking with gluten-free flours, all of those functions need to be replaced with something else or you will end up with baked goods that are dry, flat, crumbly and very dense. (

How to substitute : For breads use 1 tsp powder for each cup of gluten-free flour. (

For cookies, cakes, and muffins use 1/2 tsp powder for each cup of gluten-free flour. (

How to substitute : For breads use 1 tsp prepared chia seed mixture for each cup of gluten-free flour. (

In fact, many vegans use a ratio of chia seeds and water in place of eggs as a binding agent in recipes because it becomes nice and sticky, allowing your ingredients to bind together. (

Cornstarch Unflavored gelatin is made from animal collagen. (

Xanthan gum can lower blood sugar levels, which can be dangerous for people who take certain diabetes medications. (

It also slows down the rate in which blood sugar enters your bloodstream and reduces your blood sugar levels after meals ( 4 ). (

Some of the potential health benefits include: Stabilizing blood sugar levels. (

6 Easy Baking Substitutes for Xanthan Gum 3 shares There is one ingredient that is commonly used in baking that you may not have been aware of but it is used in far more things than you may have known. (

Ground Flax Seed Because of their thick outer shell, they must be ground before using. (

What Are The Best Alternatives To Xanthan Gum? (

As a replacement for xanthan gum, use roughly the same amount or slightly more of psyllium husk powder. (

If you’d like to use it as a replacement for xanthan gum, use 1 1/2 times the amount that the recipe calls for. (

Great for bread recipes. (

How to substitute : in bread recipes it can be added directly to the dry ingredients in its powdered form – 1 tsp per 2 ½ cups of gluten-free flour. (

Keto recipes usually only call for 1.5 teaspoons or less with most requiring just a 1/2 teaspoon so you’ll get a lot of mileage out of your purchase. (

Use flaxseed meal in place of xanthan gum in your keto recipes. #6. (

The Health Benefits of Xanthan Gum Being a soluble fiber, xanthan gum has been linked to many of the benefits that are commonly associated with fiber intake. (

This makes egg whites an excellent substitution for xanthan gum in low carb cakes, quick breads, and other batter-based baked goods. (

Once this powder is added to a liquid, it quickly disperses and creates a viscous and stable solution. (

You may need to increase your baking time by 15 minutes if you use this substitute. (

What is Xanthan Gum substitute?