What is the Best Breed of Dog for Coyote Hunting

What is the Best Breed of Dog for Coyote Hunting

What is the Best Breed of Dog for Coyote Hunting? What a great question. Look at the following facts about Coyotes and you will realize how important it is to make the right choice on which dog you will use to partner up with you.

They are also extremely bold predators. Attacks on pets often occur right in the presence of one or more humans. Dogs are snatched from the ends of their leashes, or dragged from their own yards over 6-foot privacy fences.

Holly Vaughn, wildlife communications coordinator for the Michigan Department of Natural Resources, says this behavior results from the coyotes’ belief that it is humans invading their territory, not the other way around.

Although coyotes only weigh about 20 to 50 pounds, they hunt with deadly precision. They carefully stalk their prey and run at speeds of 40 miles-per-hour, nipping at the legs of victims that attempt to escape.

When they attack, they immediately aim to kill, biting the neck and compressing the windpipe. Pets killed in coyote attacks typically die from a combination of suffocation and shock.

Coyotes are without a doubt the most versatile carnivores in America, maybe even worldwide,” animal behaviorist, Marc Bekoff told Smithsonian.com.

Is it a Good thing to hunt Coyotes?

Coyotes help control rodent populations and are an important part of the ecosystem, wildlife experts say. To protect livestock, however, the federal Agriculture Department’s Wildlife Services killed nearly 90,000 coyotes in 2008.

Catching them is tricky because they are cunning, skittish animals wary of anything unusual in their habitat, said Paul Curtis, a wildlife specialist at Cornell University.

The IDFG has never attempted to estimate coyote populations in the state of Idaho, but the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Wildlife Services (WS) program developed coyote population estimates in conjunction with the preparation of several different environmental assessments (USDA-ADC 1996a,b; USDAWS 2002).

What is the Best Breed of Dog for Coyote Hunting – Idaho’s coyote population was estimated in these analyses by considering the most relevant available scientific information on coyote densities, then extrapolat- ing a conservative density estimate to the total land area of Idaho. Density estimates ranged from a low 0.63/mi2 (Clark 1972) to a high of 5-6/mi2 (Knowlton 1972), and the lower end of this range was applied to the total area of Idaho to arrive at a conservative statewide coyote population estimate of about 50,000 animals.

Table 1. Estimated sheep (2005-2007) and cattle (2005) losses due to wolves, black bears, mountain lions, and coyotes in Idaho (NASS 2006, 2008).

Wolves

 

Black Bears

 

Mountain Lions

 

Coyotes

 

2005 Sheep loss

 

500
900
500
6,100
2006 Sheep loss

 

600
600
400
4,900
2007 Sheep loss

 

500
700
400
7,200
2005 Cattle loss

 

8881
1111
200
600

NASS estimates of Idaho cattle losses to wolves in 2005 were combined into the “other predators” category, which included any losses attributable to wolves, grizzly bears, black bears, and vultures. What is the Best Breed of Dog for Coyote Hunting – Total losses reported in the “other predators” category in 2005 were 600 calves and 400 adult cattle, for a total of 1,000. The Idaho Wildlife Services program has received no reports of cattle or calf losses to vultures, and the combined 1,000 losses are believed to be primarily attributable to wolves and bears. The number of confirmed and probable calf losses documented by Idaho Wildlife Services as being bear-related was 3 animals in 2005, while the number of confirmed and probable calf losses attributed to wolves was 24 animals. The ratio of 3/27 was applied to the combined 1,000 wolf and bear losses to assign 111 of the losses to bears and 888 of the losses to wolves.

Table 2. Estimated average number of livestock killed per individual of each species most commonly implicated in livestock predation in Idaho in 2005.

Wolves
Black Bears
Mountain Lions
Coyotes
2005 combined sheep and cattle losses due to each species

 

500 + 888    =

1,388

900 + 111    =

1,011

500 + 200 = 700
6,100 + 600 =

6,700

2005 estimated population of each species

 

518
20,000
2,500
50,000
Estimated number of sheep and cattle killed per individual present

 

2.68
0.05
0.28
0.13
Estimated number of just sheep killed per individual present

 

0.96
0.05
0.20
0.12
Estimated number of just cattle killed per individual present

 

1.71
0.01
0.08
0.01

Table 3. Estimated average number of sheep killed per individual of each species most commonly implicated in livestock predation in Idaho in 2005-2007.

Wolves
Black Bears
Mountain Lions
Coyotes
2005 Sheep loss

 

500
900
500
6,100
2005 Estimated population of each species

 

518
20,000
2,500
50,000
Estimated number of sheep killed per individual present in 2005

 

0.96
0.05
0.20
0.12
2006 Sheep loss

 

600
600
400
4,900
2005 Estimated population of each species

 

673
20,000
2,500
50,000
Estimated number of sheep killed per individual present in 2006

 

0.89
0.03
0.16
0.10
2007 Sheep loss

 

500
700
400
7,200
2007 Estimated population of each species

 

732
20,000
2,500
50,000
Estimated number of sheep killed per individual present in 2007

 

0.68
0.04
0.16
0.14
3-year average number of sheep killed per individual predator present

 

 

0.83

 

0.04

 

0.17

 

0.12

So I suppose it depends on your specific circumstances.

Can a dog kill a coyote?

Yes a coyote can kill and eat a dog. And Yes a dog can and does kill coyotes. There are several hunters that use chase dogs to find coyotes and then they send Pitbull or other bully breed types in to kill the coyote. Coyotes are small and weak compared to most bully breeds and any bully breed will kill a coyote. My German Sheppard on the regular attacks coyotes in the neighborhood and has never lost. They all give him a huge wide berth now.

Pitbull Terrier used to kill coyotes after hunt

Several dogs in fact can kill a coyote. Most all the Eastern European and Western Asian Flock Guards can, as well as some of the larger Mastiff or Molosser breeds. Had you asked which dogs cam kill a European Wolf (Gray Wolf is a whole different matter), it would have dwindled the list some.

Some of the dogs which can easily kill a coyote include, Caucasian Ovcharka, Central Asian Shepherd, Kangal, Anatolian Shepherd, Sarplainic, Black Russian Terrior, Komodor, Neopolitan Mastiff, Cane Corso, American Bulldog, Rhodesian Ridgeback, Akita, Rottweiler, Presa De Canario, Dogo Argentino, etc.

All of these dogs can dispatch a coyote without too much ado. Again, if we are speaking of a North American Gray Wolf, then that is another conversation all together.

What is the Best Breed of Dog for Coyote Hunting – It depends on the dog’s Breed, Size, Fur, Age, and Fitness.

BREED: Breeds like a mastiff or kangal won’t even be looked at the wrong way by a coyote, but a pug, beagle or shiba will be seen as a snack, but a pitbull, english bulldog, or small-mid sized collie could be equal on the list and get attacked or not.

SIZE: i feel an average dog to be on equal terms with a coyote if the dog is 20-35% heavier, so a 40 lb coyote would be a match with a 48-54 lb dog, but that’s just an average dog, some breeds like a jack russel/labrador mix could be the same weight could give a coyote a run for its money, or a fit dog could weigh the same as the coyote and win.

FUR: yeah, you heard me! Fur is a deciding fight with another animal. One of the reasons coyotes and wolves have such thick fur is it acts as some padding for bites and makes it harder for teeth or claws to land a direct hit on their body. Dogs like Tibetan mastiffs, Newfoundlands, alaskan malamutes, and collies have very long and/or thick fur which can make it incredibly hard to bite through 3-12 inches of fur, but breeds like molosser breeds, labs, and most bully breeds have fur less than 3 inches thick, which can leave them easier to be damaged, however some breeds break the mold, like with the chinese shar pei which has short, prickly fur that can cause welts on people with thin skin that pet it wrong, shar peis also have extremely stretchy skin which can stretch so much that if a dog bit its shoulder, they would just get skin, and the shar pei could still turn around and bite the dog back.

AGE: age has a factor in a fight also. A dog that is 13 years old with bad hips isn’t going to do well fighting a coyote, because most dogs rhat age tend to be calm and peacful. And they are normally weak or tired at that age. Or how an 5 month old mastiff is bigger than a coyote, but it probably doesn’t have any instinct to fight yet, and die in a fight, which is sad because i love puppies. Most dog are at the prime of their life between 2 years old to 5 or 6 years old, excluding small and giant breeds. Dogs this age have all instincts developed and are physically developed.

FITNESS: Finally the last one, Jeez this is taking a while, i know, but that is why i divided the categories to make it easier, anyway back to the answer. Fitness is important for lots of things, especially when your fighting. A dog that is physically fit and active will have a better chance with a coyote. A dog that never goes outside of a small house and love off food scraps, treats, and your grandmas potroast will get tired within the first 15 second of fighting, not that it would happen since at that point your dog probably isn’t let out enough for coyote to notice him. But a dog that gets 6 hours of intense exercise every day and is fed raw venison and bones, with probably be as fit or more fit than a coyote, a police dog is a good example, if your dog gets good exercise, he or she will have better endurance, live years longer so you can your them more, and be stronger since they exercise those limbs.

What is the Best Breed of Dog for Coyote Hunting

1. American Staghound – What is the Best Breed of Dog for Coyote Hunting

This animal has been developed by cross-breeding Scottish deerhound, greyhound, and some other breeds. The American Staghound is well-known for its sharp eyesight and seemingly endless stamina. These dogs are especially suitable for coyote hunting because they have been exclusively developed for the purpose of hunting predators, specifically coyote and wolves. So in this breed, you have kind of ‘made to order’ hunting dog.

These dogs are runners – one look at their powerful body and long legs will tell you that. These features comprise of the greyhound part in them and are what make them so suitable for tracking down fast runners like coyotes.

American Staghound

What is the Best Breed of Dog for Coyote Hunting – The American Staghound is also a good house dog, but because of its predator hunting instinct, you should not trust it with non-canine pets. Otherwise, this dog is easy to maintain at home and is good with children. Extremely loyal and quick learners, you will be able to get the best out of this animal with the right kind of training. However, these dogs are not very suitable as guard dogs.

Not your typical dog, the American Staghound is a cross-breed between a greyhound and Scottish deerhound. Why are they so special when it comes to hunting coyotes? Well, they have the features that make them a perfect fit for hunting predators. They have an exceptional eyesight and a keen sense of smell. This makes them the perfect companion for any hunting trip especially when it comes to wolves and coyotes. These dogs have long legs and are fairly powerful, even though they may not look it. Which means they can run fast and have great stamina so they can easily keep up with coyotes.

This breed of dog makes a wonderful pet, however, if you plan on keeping it in a home with other animals, you should be aware. The American Staghound have the hunting instinct engraved into them, so they may cause a bit of havoc.

2. Plott Hound – What is the Best Breed of Dog for Coyote Hunting

What is the Best Breed of Dog for Coyote Hunting – The PlottHound is lean and muscular with large floppy ears rather like those of a Labrador or Dalmatian. Courage and loyalty go hand in hand with this breed. This kind is particularly well-known for its hunting skill in big animals like boar and coyotes. In fact, the dog is named after Johannes Plott along with his brother who introduced them to the US in 1750 for the purpose of boar hunting.

Plott Hound, What is the Best Breed of Dog for Coyote Hunting

Today the Plott Hound is predominantly found in the state of North Carolina and is the official State Dog of that state.

Plott Hounds are known for their hunting skills. Initially used to hunt boars, these dogs are wonderful for hunting predators like coyotes also. They are built for the hunt with a lean, muscular body which allows them to overpower smaller predators. They are also fairly quick, but may not have as much stamina as the American Staghound. In either case, this breed is quite loyal and doesn’t really back down from a fight. Making them a great option for your next coyote hunting trip.

3. Greyhound – What is the Best Breed of Dog for Coyote Hunting

The coyote is just about the smartest wild animal alive because they always have an escape route. I respect them. They can outsmart you. But greyhounds are smart, too. I think they’re the neatest dog ever made.

To subdue a coyote, the greyhounds often nip its back leg to sever a hamstring. Then they go for the kill by biting the neck. Hunters often leave coyote carcasses behind.

What is the Best Breed of Dog for Coyote Hunting – Originally, the Greyhound comes from Egypt but has been popularized the world over as a racing and running dog. Lean, hardy and built for speed with eagle-eye eyesight; these dogs are ideal for coyote hunting. Greyhounds are the fastest dogs in the world with a maximum recorded speed of 43 mph, guaranteeing that they could easily outrun the fastest coyote.

Greyhound, What is the Best Breed of Dog for Coyote Hunting

Here’s a greyhound racing video that gives you an idea of the sheer power, speed, and stamina of these magnificent animals. The Greyhound is a temperamental breed but docile and extremely gentle as a house dog. Due to its timid nature, this dog can best be used as a chaser to catch the prey in combination with another more aggressive breed to make the actual killing. These dogs also need access to a fenced area where they can get a good run on a regular basis, fenced because they are independent and have the tendency to wander off and not come back. Greyhounds are ideal for hunting coyotes as they have the innate hunting instinct to chase and seize fleeing creatures.

When it comes to hunting, you need a dog that is quick and can run for miles. A Greyhound does just that. Greyhounds are generally known as racing dogs but they can also be used as hunting dogs. They tend to be not quite skinny, but don’t let that fool you. They are muscular and strong, one of the reasons why they can run for so long. Not only are they fast but also have an eagle like eye-sight which allows them to spot coyotes from afar and go after them. Greyhounds max out at around 40 mph which means they can easily outrun coyotes and help you hunt them down.

4. Mountain View Cur – What is the Best Breed of Dog for Coyote Hunting

This breed was developed in 1987 in New York. The dominant gene of the Mountain View Cur is of the Mountain Cur, although they differ widely from the original mountain breed. Due to their crossbreeding, they are hardy, without any inherent genetic problems that are common to most pedigrees. This fact also explains their rather long average lifespan of 14 years.

Mountain View Cur

Mountain View Curs are also brilliant with a high level of self-control, making them ideal for training for hunting purposes and although they are well-suited to hunt coyote, they can also kill other animals like raccoons, pheasant, wild boar, and bobcat. Although this dog is in its element while out in the open on a hunt, it is equally comfortable at home with the occupants toward whom it is protective, making it a good house pet as well. Mountain View Curs are safe to have among children.

A crossbreed, the Mountain View Cur is generally a mountain breed, however, differs from other mountain breed dogs. This breed doesn’t come with the instinct for hunting like the American Staghound but they are quite clever and have a high level of self-control. This allows you to train it to be a great hunting dog. Even though the dog doesn’t grow to be that big, they are known to hunt raccoons and wild boars amongst other wild animals. You may need to spend a little extra time training the Mountain View Cur to hunt, but we guarantee that it will be worth it.

5. Black Mouth Cur – What is the Best Breed of Dog for Coyote Hunting

On your hunt, you probably want a dog that is full of energy and can easily track and hunt coyotes. What is the Best Breed of Dog for Coyote Hunting – The Black Mouth Cur fits that description well. These dogs are probably the best built in the sense that they are muscular and have a lean body as compared to the other dogs mentioned. They are great for hunting rodents like raccoons. You can just as easily train it to help you on your hunt for coyotes. This breed has high stamina levels and enjoys running around in the wild. Which means that when you take it out on your hunt, you can expect it to be restless until it catches something.

Black Mouth Cur

Dogs are known as “man’s best friend” for a reason. They are not only loyal but also make a wonderful hunting partner. So why not take one of these dogs with you on your next coyote hunting trip. It would certainly save you time, you won’t have to spend time on a trap as the dog will help you track a coyote down. If not for you to hunt, the dog will do it on its own, which makes these dogs a wonderful option in farms to protect it from coyote attacks.

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