2021-09-29 23:05:27 Tropical Storm Victor Forms in Eastern Atlantic

Tropical Storm Victor Forms in Eastern Atlantic

Tropical Storm Victor formed in the eastern Atlantic on Wednesday, becoming the 20th named storm of the active 2021 Atlantic hurricane season.

The National Hurricane Center said in an update on Wednesday afternoon that Victor was about 540 miles south of the Cabo Verde Islands, with maximum sustained winds of 40 miles per hour.

The storm was moving west-northwest at about 13 mph and was expected to continue in that direction for the next few days, according to the center.

According to the center, there were no watches or warnings in effect, and the storm was not expected to affect land in the coming days.

There is only one name left on this year’s primary list of 21 storm names after Victor, and that is Wanda. If more storms form, the National Weather Service will resort to a list of supplemental names, only the third time in history. The first occurred in 2005.

Last year’s record-breaking season featured 30 named storms, including six major hurricanes, prompting meteorologists to switch to using Greek letters to identify the final nine storms.

However, citing public confusion, the World Meteorological Organization announced in March that it would no longer use the Greek alphabet to label storms, instead relying on a supplemental list of 21 names beginning with Adria, Braylen, and Caridad and ending with Viviana and Will.

“Zeta, Eta, Theta — even me saying those — to have those storms at the same time was difficult,” Kenneth Graham, director of the National Hurricane Center, said earlier this year. “People were mucking around with the storms.”

The supplemental list, like the main list, excludes names that begin with the letters Q, U, X, Y, or Z, which officials claim are not common or easily understood across English, Spanish, French, and Portuguese, the languages commonly spoken throughout North America, Central America, and the Caribbean.

The arrival of peak hurricane season — August through November — has resulted in a run of named storms that formed in quick succession, bringing stormy weather, flooding, and damaging winds to parts of the United States and the Caribbean.

Hurricane Sam, which formed last week, continued its slow march across the Atlantic as Tropical Storm Victor formed.

The connections between hurricanes and climate change are becoming clearer. A warming planet can expect stronger hurricanes and a greater frequency of the most powerful storms over time, though the overall number of storms may decrease as factors such as stronger wind shear prevent weaker storms from forming.

Hurricanes are also becoming wetter as a result of increased water vapor in the warmer atmosphere; scientists believe storms like Hurricane Harvey in 2017 produced far more rain than they would have without human-caused climate change. Rising sea levels are also contributing to higher storm surge, which is the most destructive component of tropical cyclones.

Ana became the season’s first named storm on May 23, marking the seventh year in a row that a named storm formed in the Atlantic before the season officially began on June 1.

In May, NOAA scientists predicted that there would be 13 to 20 named storms this year, with six to ten of them being hurricanes, including three to five major hurricanes of Category 3 or higher in the Atlantic.

In early August, NOAA revised its forecast, predicting 15 to 21 named storms, including seven to ten hurricanes, by the season’s end on Nov. 30. Victor is the year’s 20th named storm to form.

Reporting was contributed by Jesus Jiménez.

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Tropical Storm Victor Forms in Eastern Atlantic