2021-09-21 21:23:56 Taliban Complete Interim Government, Still Without Women
Taliban Complete Interim Government, Still Without Women
Ms. Lyons continued by reminding the Security Council that the new government “contains many of the same figures who were part of the Taliban leadership from 1996 to 2001.”
“What is of immediate and practical importance to those around this table is that many of the 33 names presented, including the prime minister, the two deputy prime ministers, and the foreign minister, are on the United Nations sanctions list,” she continued, referring to the first 33 appointments, which included many of the most powerful positions.
The interim interior minister, Sirajuddin Haqqani, and the interim defense minister, Muhammad Yaqoub, the son of the Taliban’s founding leader, are both on sanctions lists or have been designated as terrorists by the US government.
Both of those men, as well as several others, including the government’s head, Mullah Muhammad Hassan, a founding member of the Taliban in 1994, are either from the first generation of Taliban or the children of that generation. The Haqqani family’s network was not originally part of the Taliban, but became increasingly important to the insurgency over time — Sirajuddin Haqqani was appointed deputy leader in 2015 — even as they competed for business and recognition in conservative jihadist circles.
Those Taliban who were more central in talks with the US and other foreign governments have been less visible and vocal so far. Despite being named deputy prime minister, Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar has not been a prominent figure in the first weeks of Taliban rule. The US had specifically requested that he be included in the negotiations that led to the US military withdrawal, which he led on the Taliban side.
So far, no government has formally recognized the Taliban, but the issue is being debated as individual countries try to figure out how to do business with Afghanistan while also considering sending humanitarian aid to a country in crisis. When the Taliban was last in power in the 1990s, only three countries recognized them: Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates.
Sanctions imposed on individual Taliban members who are now in positions of power in key ministries, as well as the freezing of the country’s funds in the United States, may make it difficult for the Afghan government to receive donor funds from the World Bank or Asian Development Bank, as well as through the United Nations.
It also makes it nearly impossible for any country that does business with the US to also do business with Afghanistan without risking being hit by the US’ secondary sanctions regime, which punishes those who give money or items of value to governments or individuals on the US sanctions list.