What about the Jewish population in NYC you ask?
About 1 in 10 New Yorkers is Jewish
Jewish population in NYC – New York state has about 1.75 million Jews, comprising approximately 9 percent of its total population of 20 million. Nearly all the Jews live in or around New York City, with 1.1 million in the five boroughs — 561,000 in Brooklyn, 240,000 in Manhattan, 198,000 in Queens, 54,000 in the Bronx and 32,000 on Staten Island, according to a landmark 2011 population study by UJA-Federation of New York. That’s more Jewish population in NYC than in any other city in the world, including in Israel. Another 450,000 live in suburban Westchester and Long Island’s Nassau and Suffolk counties, according to the study, and at least 130,000 Jews live in nearby Rockland and Orange counties, according to locals’ estimates and census data. Approximately one of every three non-Hispanic whites living in New York City is Jewish.
Jewish population in NYC – The Orthodox are growing – fast
Of the New York metro area’s 1.55 million Jews, 493,000 identify as Orthodox (that’s 32 percent), 396,000 are denominationally or religious unaffiliated (26 percent), 303,000 are Reform (20 percent) and 280,000 are Conservative (19 percent), according to the 2011 study. While the proportion of Orthodox households among Jewish households in the New York area is surging, from 13 percent in 1991 to 20 percent in 2011, the shares of Conservative and Reform households are falling – for Conservative, from 34 percent in 1991 to 19 percent in 2011, and for Reform from 36 percent in 1991 to 23 percent in 2011. Astoundingly, 61 percent of all Jewish children in the New York metro area are being raised in Orthodox households. Reflecting the growth of the Orthodox, who have an average of 4.1 children, the New York metro area has about 500,000 Jews under age 25.
New York Jews are less Democratic than Jews nationally
In almost every presidential election for the past few cycles, about 70-80 percent of the nation’s Jewish vote has gone to the Democratic candidate, and 20-30 percent to the Republican. Barack Obama won in 2012 with 69 percent of the national Jewish vote after taking 78 percent in ’08. George W. Bush won 24 percent of the Jewish vote in ’04, a rise from his 19 percent four years earlier. Nationally, 70 percent of Jews identify as Democratic or Democratic-leaning, and 22 percent as Republican or Republican-leaning.
In metropolitan New York, however, only 55 percent of Jews say they lean Democratic and 31 percent lean Republican. That’s largely because of New York’s large Orthodox population, which is more Republican than the rest of the Jewish community. Nationally, about 58 percent of haredi Orthodox and 56 percent of modern Orthodox Jewish population in NYC identify as Republican, compared to 27 percent of Conservative Jewish population in NYC and 17 percent of Reform Jewish population in NYC, according to the Pew Research Center’s 2013 survey of U.S. Jews.
New York Jews tend to be registered Democrats, even those who favor Republicans
The vast majority of New York City’s Jews — like all New Yorkers — are registered Democrats. That’s because in this heavily Democratic city, which hasn’t seen a competitive presidential primary election since 1988, many local elections are competitive only in the Democratic primary. With the Democratic primary winner almost guaranteed victory in the general election, registering as a Republican doesn’t really give one a chance at a meaningful vote.
This is generally true for elections for City Council (of 51 members, only three are Republicans), State Assembly (of 65 New York City districts, only one is Republican) and State Senate (of 25 New York City districts, only two are represented by Republicans). Registered Democrats outnumber Republicans by about 9 to 1 in Brooklyn, 7 to 1 in Manhattan, 6 to 1 in Queens and 13 to 1 in the Bronx. Staten Island is the exception, with only about 30 percent more Democrats than Republicans. But with just 6 percent of city residents (3 percent of the city’s Jews), this oft-forgotten borough matters little.
So even though a Republican candidate in a general election might do better among New York Jews in November than among Jews nationally, because of the high number of Orthodox Jewish population in NYC here (who tend to vote Republican), during the primary many of those Orthodox votes will be cast for a Democrat. Even in the city’s second-most Republican congressional district, the 10th, which includes the Hasidic stronghold of Borough Park in Brooklyn, there are 5.5 registered Democrats for every registered Republican (227,505 active registered Democrats compared to 41,640 Republicans).
Jewish population in NYC – Which Democrat will win among Jews?
A Wall Street Journal/NBC/Marist College poll of 2,679 New York adults April 10-13 found Hillary Clinton at 65 percent and Bernie Sanders at 32 percent among likely Jewish voters. Jewish population in NYC comprised about 16 percent of the Democrats in that poll, and about 16 percent of all New York Democrats are Jews.
Overall, Clinton leads Sanders by about 26 points in the city and 24 points in the suburbs; they’re running roughly even upstate. Clinton enjoys a large lead among Democrats over 45, while Sanders enjoys an advantage among those under 45, first-time voters and those who describe themselves as liberal, according to the Marist poll. Overall, Clinton is favored to win the state by about 15 points, recent polls suggest.
Rabbi Menachem Genack, the CEO of the Orthodox Union’s kosher division and a well-known Orthodox proponent of Clinton, predicts that much of the Hasidic community will vote for the former secretary of state. He noted that as New York’s U.S. senator for eight years, Clinton has relationships in the community and is familiar with communal concerns.
“She was helpful to us as senator. All 14 Jewish city councilmen endorsed her. She’ll get a real commanding win in those districts with Hasidic Jewish population in NYC,” Genack said. “It’s about ‘hakaras hatov’” – recognizing the good she’s done for the community.
Jewish population in NYC – Which Republican will win the Jewish vote?
Each of the Republican candidates has spent time in recent days courting the Orthodox Jewish vote, which could play an outsize role in districts with few Republicans. Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, baked matzah with Chabad, Ohio Gov. John Kasich visited a Jewish bookstore, school and matzah factory in Borough Park (and talked about matzah’s tie to Jesus’ blood) and synagogue and Donald Trump invited a group of Orthodox Jewish reporters to his office.
The politics blog FiveThirtyEight noted that an Optimus poll of New York Republican voters shows Trump’s lead in districts with large Orthodox populations as significantly smaller than his lead among Republicans in places like Staten Island, which are more reflective of the rest of the country. In JTA interviews with about a dozen or so Orthodox voters over the last couple of weeks, Cruz appeared to be Trump’s biggest competition.
Brooklyn native Frida Schapiro, holding a rock she says was thrown and narrowly missed her grandson’s head during the 1991 Crown Heights riots, supports Ted Cruz for president. (Uriel Heilman)
“I vote for my values, and Cruz is my guy – definitely,” Frida Schapiro, a 68-year-old mother of 10 in Crown Heights, told JTA. “He’s as close to Torah values as I can see.”
Though New York’s Hasidic communities often are thought of as a bloc vote, insiders say that’s a myth that may be true only in more tightly controlled communities outside the city, like the all-Skverer Hasidic shtetl of New Square, in Rockland County.
“It’s not like there’s a magic button and the rebbe nods his head and 100,000 votes fall into place. It’s more nuanced that that,” said Hasidic political consultant Ezra Friedlander, who took Kasich on his Jewish Brooklyn tour. “People do have their own opinions. But there’s a certain consensus when voters see a candidate engaged and their surrogates reach out to the community.”
New York’s Jewish community is the most diverse in the world outside of Israel
While many politicians may think of Brooklyn Hasidim when they think New York Jews, the state’s Jewish population is incredibly diverse. Jewish population in NYC are Hasidic, secular, atheist, hipster, gay, straight, transgender, Syrian, Bukharan, Russian, Israeli, rich, homeless, middle-class, poor, urban, suburban, rural, doctors, lawyers, teachers, policemen, construction workers, yeshiva students, drug addicts, in-married, out-married, unmarried, Republican, Democrat, libertarian, socialist and a million other things. One thing is certain: They are not to be ignored.
The Jewish population in the New York area has grown by 9 percent in the past ten years, according to a new survey quoted by the ‘New York Times’. This reverses the previous trend of decline, a survey found. The New York community also remains highly concentrated, with four distinct areas that would each qualify as one of America’s 20 most-populous areas.Some of the city’s more affluent areas, like Brownstone Brooklyn and the Upper East Side, still saw a decline in their Jewish population, according to the Geographic Profile Report which is part of a study entitled ‘The Jewish Community Study of New York: 2011’ that was commissioned by the UJA-Federation of New York.
A total of 1,086,000 Jews live in the New York City area (which includes the Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan and Staten Island), up from 1,027,000 in 1991 and 972,000 in 2001. A further 452,000 Jews live in the counties Nassau, Suffolk and Westchester. “There is no typical Jewish community. We found significant differences from area to area,” Pearl Beck, lead author of the paper, told the ‘New York Times’.
Brownstone Brooklyn was the most secular of the region’s Jewish neighborhoods with 43 percent of Jewish respondents defining themselves as not religious or secular Jewish population in NYC. At 59 percent that area also had the highest rate of intermarriage between Jews and non-Jews in the entire NYC region, Long Island and Westchester, and it had the lowest percentage of children receiving any form of Jewish education. Only 15 percent of Jews surveyed there said they felt “a lot” connected to the Jewish community.
In the he observant enclaves of Borough Park and Williamsburg nearby, however, less than one percent of Jewish children receive no Jewish education, the study found. In those neighborhoods, where lifelong religious study by men is prized, many adult men reported no employment, and up to three quarter of all Jewish households earned less than $50,000 a year.
About three-quarters of the 1.8 million people who live in Jewish households in the New York area live in one of 30 distinct geographic areas, the study found. There are as many Jews on the Upper West Side (70,000) as there are in all of Cleveland, Ohio, the study found, and more Jews in central Brooklyn than in all of Baltimore, Maryland.
The area with the largest increase in Jews over the last decade was Washington Heights and Inwood in Upper Manhattan, with a 144 percent increase. But there were still fewer than 24,000 Jews there. On Long Island, the Huntington area had the largest Jewish population increase, 50 percent.
The study was based on nearly 6,000 telephone interviews with Jewish families across the region, followed a previous report, based on the same survey, that showed that the New York area has growing numbers of both Orthodox Jews and those considering themselves partially Jewish. However, New York still has strong enclaves of Conservative and Reform Jewry, according to the latest report.
Of the 30 areas studied, six had Jewish communities where at least 30 percent of families described themselves as Conservative, including Kew Gardens, Roslyn, Plainview and Great Neck, and in five areas, more than 40 percent of the Jewish population identified as Reform, including in north central and northwestern Westchester County, as well as on the Upper East Side of Manhattan.
Traditional Jewish values appeared to extend even to places where identification with the Jewish community had grown weak. Brownstone Brooklyn, for example, had the lowest level of philanthropic giving to Jewish causes: 29 percent, but about half of families did volunteer for charities, even if not always Jewish ones.
NYC Has Largest Russian-Jewish Population In The World, But How Many Are There?
It might seem obvious to those of us that live in Brooklyn’s southern stretches, but research has confirmed it: New York is populated by more Russian Jews than any other place in the world. But putting a number on that population – here and in the country as a whole – remains an elusive task.
Harvard University recently hosted a conference to examine issues of Russian-speaking Jewry, but the event appears to have led to more academic squabbling than certainty.
Some speakers at the event claimed that the nation was home to as many as 800,000 Russian-speaking Jews, while others put it at less than 500,000.
“By any account, the number of Russian-speaking Jews in the United States now probably exceeds those of Russia and Ukraine combined,” said Sam Kliger director of Russian community affairs at the American Jewish Committee. Kliger believes previous studies underestimated the population. “New York today is populated by more Russian Jews than any other place in the world.” While other academics put the number significantly lower than Kliger and company, there are a few things on which they agree, according to a Forward report Demographers and sociologists are largely in agreement on the number of people from the former Soviet Union about 700,000 who immigrated to America in the last great wave, between 1971 and 2009. They also agree that about half of that population lives in New York City, with other large communities in Boston, Chicago, San Francisco and South Florida.
The number is important in establishing the size of the nation’s Jewish population – and what percentage of it hails from the former Soviet Union. The percentage ranges from 6 percent to 12 percent, making it a sizable swath of America’s culturally (and theologically) diverse Jewry – and one that has distinct needs.
Those needs speak to the importance of pegging down an accurate number.
“If you are engaging in planning for a segment of the Jewish community, you would like to know where they live and how many they are,” said Barry Chiswick, chair of the economics department at George Washington University. “And if you are setting up a program to facilitate adjustment to the United States or adjustment to being actively Jewish, you want to know how many people you are talking about, so having those numbers is really important for many purposes.” A point of contention is how the academics are determining who is Jewish. Those on the lower side of the scale count only those who self-identify as Jewish, while those who estimate higher numbers include non-Jewish Russian-speakers who followed Jewish family members to the states.
Here at Sheepshead Bites, we’ve seen battles unfold in the comments section about who is Jewish, who is Russian, who is a Russian Jew, if Russian Jews even exist – and on and on and on. Conventional thinking is that Russian-Americans tend to be more secular, though they hold more conservative ideas and stronger ties to Israel, than their American-born counterparts. And, with most Russian-speakers in the United States being Jews, non-Jews tend to get lumped in with them.
So, since we have so many Russian-speaking Jewish readers, as well as those who live among them, let’s help out these academics. What does it mean to be a Russian-speaking Jew, and how is it different from non-Russian-speaking Jews and Russian-speaking non-Jews?
And, please, be civil, be sensitive, be thoughtful. Provocations, and responses to them, will be deleted.
Where Do NY Jewish Kids Go to School ?
(PDF) Selected NY Jewish Neighborhoods (PDF) Link The Berman Jewish DataBank @ The Jewish Federations of North America offers open access to hundreds of quantitative studies of North American Jewry.
2013 Pew Research Center Survey of U.S. Jews: A Portrait of Jewish Americans , Luis Lugo, Alan Cooperman, Gregory A. Smith | PEW Research Center, 2013 UJA-Federation-NY Jewish Community Study of New York: 2011 a comprehensive study of the world’s largest and most diverse Jewish community outside Israel. With 5,993 interviews more than any other local or national Jewish community study the findings and implications are vast.
NYC is a city of neighborhoods, each with its own character and needs. The same is true of Long Island and Westchester each town has its own unique personality. To understand more about the Jewish population and its similarities and differences area by area, this study of New York provides detail on population size, growth, diversity, Jewish engagement, and vulnerable Jewish populations for each county as well as for 30 individual neighborhoods.
Nonwhite, Hispanic and Multiracial Jewish Households Partly Jewish” Jews Multiple Streams – Diversity within the Orthodox Jewish Community
, 2012 | Association for Jewish Studies by Jacob B. (“Jack”) Ukeles. An examination of data from the Jewish Community Study of New York 2011. His presentation compared Hasidic, Yeshivish and Modern Orthodox Jewish respondents and households in the eight-county New York study area.
UJA-Federation-NY’s prior New York Community Study
Kirsten Gillibrand in Rockland County, where Monsey is, some Jewish leaders blamed inflammatory rhetoric on social media and from local elected officials as contributing to an atmosphere ripe for anti-Semitic violence. In several communities in New Jersey, including Tom’s River and Jersey City, officials pushed back against an influx of Jewish families by enacted so-called “no knock” ordinances, barring real estate agents representing the Hasidic community from going door to door, offering to buy homes. By MARY ESCH and RYAN TARINELLI Associated Press • 6 min read MONSEY, N.Y. — For years, ultra-Orthodox Jewish families priced out of increasingly expensive Brooklyn neighborhoods have been turning to the suburbs, where they have taken advantage of open space and cheaper housing to establish modern-day versions of the European shtetls where their ancestors lived for centuries before the Holocaust. The ultra-Orthodox population is highly visible in small towns like Monsey, where bearded Hasidic men in black overcoats and fedoras converse in Yiddish along the sidewalks and Orthodox women wear modest black skirts and head scarves as they go about their daily errands. In East Ramapo, there were legal fights after Hasidic voters, who generally do not send their children to public schools, elected a majority of members of the local school board. After this week’s Sukkot holiday, the weekend’s Simchat Torah promises to further test Orthodox communities’ ability to gather safely. A new wave of Ashkenazi and Bukharian Jewish immigrants from the former Soviet Union began arriving in the 1980s and 1990s. Many Jews, including the newer immigrants, have settled in History The first recorded Jewish settler in New York was Jacob Barsimson , who arrived in August 1654 on a passport from the Dutch West India Company A month later, a group of Jews came to New York, then the colony New Amsterdam , as refugees from Recife , Brazil. These immigrants tended to be young and relatively irreligious, and were generally skilled – especially in the clothing industry, :253–4 which would soon dominate New York’s economy. Even though by 1720 the Ashkenazim outnumbered Sephardim, the Sephardi customs were retained. Their congregations and businesses – namely shops selling Old World goods – firmly maintained their identity, language, and customs. Federal prosecutors said the man charged in the attack, Grafton Thomas, had written journals containing anti-Semitic comments and a swastika and had researched Hitler’s hatred of Jews online. Some towns have enacted zoning changes forbidding new houses of worship. It has become normal and accepted to say derogatory and hateful things about Jewish people.” Swastikas have been scrawled around the county, and frightened parents are asking law enforcement for more visible security at synagogues and schools, Wieder said. (abcnews.go.com)
The onward march from the tenement districts of the lower East Side is portrayed in chart form and the story in figures describes the movement to Yorkville, Harlem, Bronx and into the Park Avenue section. Manhattan was divided into eight borough sections by the workers for the purpose of the study, as follows: Lower East Side, Central East Side, Lower West Side, West End, Yorkville, Harlem, West Harlem and Washington Heights. Of Manhattan’s Jewish population, 52.9 percent lives on the Lower East Side and in Harlem, as against 50.3 percent in 1916, but in the earlier year the Lower East Side had 23.5 percent of all of New York City’s Jews, as compared with 15.2 percent in 1925. Goldsmith, executive director of the bureau. (jta.org)
While Orthodox and Hasidic movements are booming (Orthodox Judaism in the city experienced a 7 percent population increase), Reform and Conservative sects are losing members hand-over-fist. For Orthodox Judaism, population figures are on the rise. 40 percent of Jews in the city now identify as Orthodox, but with that uptick comes a shift in attitude and ideology, both within the community and outside of it. New York’s Upper West Side, typically home to Jewish Ivy League elite, has seen a loss in population share compared to that of budding Orthodox communities. (businessinsider.com)
Andrew Cuomo, speaking in Albany as de Blasio held his daily coronavirus briefing in New York City, also addressed the increase in virus cases in Orthodox Jewish neighborhoods inside and outside of the city. “This is a concern for their community,” Cuomo said. “It’s also a public health concern for surrounding communities. By DAVID CRARY and MARIAM FAM October 5, 2020 GMT NEW YORK (AP) Amid a new surge of COVID-19 in New York’s Orthodox Jewish communities, many members are reviving health measures that some had abandoned over the summer social distancing, wearing masks. Last week, Agudath Israel of America, an Orthodox Jewish umbrella organization, worked with the Boro Park Jewish Community Council to distribute 400,000 masks. However, its publisher, David Ben Hooren, said many Orthodox Jews in Brooklyn and Queens believe they have been unfairly targeted with stringent restrictions that aren’t being enforced elsewhere. “The Jewish community feels they’re being singled out and there’s some element of anti-Semitism,” he said Monday. “Not that I agree with it, but that’s the sentiment in the street. In the spring, police officers were brought in to break up large weddings and public funerals that brought hundreds of largely unmasked people together in those neighborhoods, while applying a lighter touch when dealing with crowds in city parks or at protests. City officials began sounding the alarm about the recent increase in coronavirus cases in certain Orthodox neighborhoods last week, warning that gatherings during the Jewish high holidays could spark more infections. (apnews.com)
The neighborhood became the heart of immigrant Jewish life: Yiddish signs lined the streets, neighborhood garment factories employed mostly Jews, and synagogues such as Eldridge cemented religious communities. Though today the majority of New York’s population is Ashkenazi (from Central and Eastern Europe), the first significant wave of Jewish immigration to New York was actually Sephardi. The third wave of Jewish immigration was Eastern European – the focus of the Museum at Eldridge Street! In Eastern Europe, Jews bore the brunt of the blame for the 1881 assasination of Tsar Nicholas II, causing mass violence against them called pogroms . At the turn of the 20th century, Eastern European Jews immigrated to New York City en masse, with the Jewish population spiking from roughly 80,000 in 1880 to 1.5 million in 1920. Street in the Jewish Lower East Side lined with Yiddish signs (accessed via pinterest.com ) Many Eastern European Jews sought to follow the model of their successful, well-assimilated German predecessors. Though both communities were Ashkenazi Jewish immigrants, stark differences between the two were undeniable: German Jews were of a significantly higher social standing, and often even owned the factories in which Eastern European Jews worked. (eldridgestreet.org)
The study acknowledged that the community’s growing diversity “significantly complicates efforts to build an overall sense of Jewish community and Jewish peoplehood; particularly the largest groups Orthodox and Russian-speaking Jewish households function both as part of and separate from the larger Jewish community.” John S. (nytimes.com)
The number of Jews in the city and three suburban counties jumped to 1.54 million, up from 1.41 million a decade ago, according to a comprehensive population survey released Tuesday by the UJA-Federation of New York. (timesofisrael.com)