Tygerberg Hospital Wards

Tygerberg Hospital Wards

Find all the information about Tygerberg Hospital Wards here at Strydom Conglomerate Directory Articles.

Tygerberg Hospital Wards

Hospitals consist of departments, traditionally called wards, especially when they have beds for inpatients, when they are sometimes also called inpatient wards.

Tygerberg hospital is the largest hospital in the Western Cape and the second largest hospital in South Africa. The hospital has a service drainage area in which 3.4 million people live. The hospital has 67 wards, 29 theatres, 10 intensive care units and 164 ICU & HC beds, which in total accommodates 1384 beds. Each year more than 107 215 patients are admitted in Tygerberg Hospital, while more than 492 670 patients visit Tygerberg Hospital annually.

Tygerberg Hospital Address

Street Address:

Francie van Zijl Avenue, Tygerberg, 7505

Postal Address:

Tygerberg Hospital, Private Bag, X3 Tygerberg, 7505

Tygerberg Hospital Wards Map
Click Map Image to open full size in a new tab

TYGERBERG HOSPITAL WARDS EXTENSION LIST – A Wards

(For direct calls add 021 938 with the extension no)

WARD
SR
SECR
A1W Surgical
6040
6037
A1East Burns
4751
5068
A2 East Thoracic
6055
5950
A2 West Thoracic
5951
5879

5950
A3W Orthopaedics

5970

5971
A3 East
5854
5855
A4W Neuro
Surgery

5176

5175
A4 East
6302
5669

5077
A5 West Lung
5775
5773
A5 East
5761
5754
A5 West Int
Medicine
5793
5792
5773
5754
A6 West Heart
5778
5781
A6 West Int
Medicine
6050
5768

5781
A7 West Nephro
5557
5666
A7 East
4491
4680

5559
A8 West Neurology Derma

6060

6061
A8 East
6063
6062
A9 West
Peadiatrics

6052

6056
A9 Wes Int
Medicine

6057

6058
A10 Wes
Endocrine

4583

5432

A10 East
4257
4584

5125

TYGERBERG HOSPITAL WARDS EXTENSION LIST – Wards C to F

(For direct calls add 021 938 with the extension no)

WARD
SR
SECR
C1AW Trauma
5132
5135
5133
5911
C1DE Int Medicine
5941
4625
C1DW Int Medicine
 
5978

C2A Labour Ward

5965
4728
4707
C2B Obstetrics
4345
 
C3A Wes Paeds
4541
4539
C5 Plastics, Vascular
 
5221
C5 Abdomen
 
5215
Day Surgery
6611
6619
B1 Thoracic
Theatre

6018
 
Burns Unit
Theatre

4841
 
C2A Theatre
4713
 
C3B Theatre
6442
 
Cardio Theatre
4339
 
DLG Psychiatry
5870
5869
DG Surgical
5907
4869
D1 Vascular
4864
4866
D2 Surgery
4465
4764
D3 Plastic Surgery
4777
4766
D4 Private
5073
4566
D5 Head, Neck & Breast

5838

4064
D6 Urology
4364
4367
D7 Eye
4463
4466
D8 Int Medicine
5386
5388
D9 Int Medicine
5383
5385
D10 Int Medicine
5980
5975
FLG Children
4571
4573

TYGERBERG HOSPITAL WARDS EXTENSION LIST – Wards F to J

(For direct calls add 021 938 with the extension no)

WARD
SR
SECR
FG Gynae
4412
6078
F1
6511
5614
F2 Obstetrics B
4645
4646
F2 Obstetrics M
4649
 
F3 Congo
5990
4940
F4 Orthopaedics
4155
4639
GLG Psychiatry
5583
5064
GG Paediatrics
6378
6722
G1 Paediatrics
6573
6570
G2 Paediatrics
4552
4556
G3 Paediatrics
4564
4565
G4 Paediatric
Surgical

4660

4658
G5 Paediatrics
4131
4154
G6 Paediatrics
4472
4474
G7 Paediatrics
4667
4664
G8 Paediatrics
4723
4732
G9 Paediatrics
5635
5634
G10 Paediatrics
5004
5007
JLG Psychiatry
5121
5120
JG
4407
4470
J1
6533
4532
J2 Obstetrics B
5114
5113
J3
5109
5108
J4 Obstetrics
5105
5104
J5 Obstetrics B
5029
5028
J6 Orthopaedics
5017
5021
J7 Surgical
5011
5015
J8 Peadiatrics
4302
4157
Cardiac Arrest
4844
 
Carel du Toit
5312
6066

Tygerberg Animal Hospital Kenridge

Tygerberg Hospital Abortion Clinic

Tygerberg Hospital Visiting Hours

Dimensioning hospital wards using the Erlang loss model


Internal Medicine C8BH

Operating Times

  • Monday – Thursday
  • Friday
    No clinic.
 

7am – 4pm

Contact Number

021 938 5446/3/1
021 938 4404

Location

Eighth Floor (East), Green Avenue


Paediatrics

G Ground East | 021 938 6378 | 021 938 6722
G1 East | 021 938 6573 | 021 938 6570
G2 East | 021 938 4552 | 021 938 4556
G3 East | 021 938 4564 | 021 938 4565
G4 East | 021 938 4660 | 021 938 4658
G5 East | 021 938 5881 | 021 938 4154
G6 East | 021 938 4472 | 021 938 4474
G7 East | 021 938 4667 | 021 938 4664
G8 East | 021 938 4723 | 021 938 5052
G9 East | 021 938 5635 | 021 938 5634
G10 East | 021 938 5004 | 021 938 5007
A9 West | 021 938 6052 | 021 938 6056
J1 – Khayelitsha Hospital East | 021 938 6533 | 021 938 4532
C1D – Khayelitsha Hospital East | 021 938 5941 | 021 938 4625

How to make Slime Activator with Salt

How to make Slime Activator with Salt

How to make Slime Activator with Salt – This is our number one favorite on the slime activator list because it makes an awesome stretchy slime. It’s also more easily available for UK, Australian and Canadian residents.

How to make Slime Activator with Salt : SALINE SOLUTION 

This slime activator is also commonly used as a contact solution, but I highly recommend picking up the lesser expensive saline solution instead.

Also, on our slime activators list is salt. So how to make slime activator with salt. You have to make a saline solution first by mixing salt with water. To make this saline solution use one cup of water and half a teaspoon of salt and place this in a pan. Boil this for approximately fifteen minutes and keep the pan lid on to avoid evaporation. You will then need to allow the pan to cool until it is at room temperature. Finally, carefully pour this solution into a bottle and jar which has a lid. You are now ready to start combining it with the glue to make some gooey fun stuff!

How to make Slime Activator with Salt – Salt is a good option as an activator for slime as it is readily available and it is also cheap to purchase. The volume of salt that you can purchase can produce a large quantity of slime which is useful if you need to make a large amount or if you plan to make it on a few occasions.

HOW TO MAKE SALINE SOLUTION SLIME RECIPE

YOU WILL NEED:

  • 1/2 cup Clear or White PVA School Glue
  • 1 tablespoon Saline Solution (must contain boric acid and sodium borate)
  • 1/2 cup of Water
  • 1/4-1/2 tsp Baking Soda
  • Food coloring, confetti, glitter, and other fun mix-ins (CHANGE FOR RECIPE)

How to make Slime Activator with Salt

 

STEP 1:  In a bowl mix 1/2 cup water and 1/2 cup of glue well to combine completely.

How to make Slime Activator with Salt

STEP 2: Now’s the time to add (color, glitter, or confetti)! Remember when you add color to white glue, the color will be lighter. Use clear glue for jewel toned colors!

BAKING SODA SLIME

STEP 3: Stir in 1/4- 1/2 tsp baking soda.

Baking soda helps to firm and form the slime. You can play around with how much you add but we prefer between 1/4 and 1/2 tsp per batch. I get asked all the time why do you need baking soda for slime. Baking soda helps to improve the firmness of the slime. You can experiment with your own ratios!

This slime recipe is also called BAKING SODA SLIME!

STEP 4: Mix in 1 tbsp saline solution and stir until slime forms and pulls away from sides of the bowl.   This is exactly how much you will need with the Target Sensitive Eyes brand, but other brands may differ slightly!

If your slime still feels too sticky, you may need a few more drops of saline solution. As I mentioned above, start by squirting a few drops of the solution onto your hands and kneading your slime longer. You can always add but you can’t take away.  Saline solution is preferred over contact solution.

STEP 5:  Start kneading your slime! It will appear stringy at first but just work it around with your hands and you will notice the consistency changes. You can also put it in a clean container and set it aside for 3 minutes, and you will also notice the change in consistency!

 

SLIME TIP:   We always recommend kneading your slime well after mixing. Kneading the slime really helps to improve its consistency. The trick with this slime is to put a few drops of the saline soluti9n onto your hands before picking up the slime.

You can knead the slime in the bowl before you pick it up as well. This slime is stretchy but can be stickier. However, keep in mind that although adding more activator (saline solution) reduces the stickiness, and it will eventually create a stiffer slime.

BAKING SODA SLIME

You will love how easy and stretchy this saline slime is to make, and play with too!  Once you have your desired slime consistency, time to have fun!  How big of a stretch can you get without the slime breaking?

SLIME TIPS AND TRICKS on How to make Slime Activator with Salt

  • Baking soda helps to firm and form the slime.  You can experiment with your own ratios!
  • BAKING SODA SLIME TIP: Clear glue slime usually doesn’t need quite as much baking soda as white glue slime!
  • The saline solution is the slime activator and helps the slime to get its rubbery texture! Be careful, adding too much saline solution can make for a slime that’s too stiff and not stretchy!
  • Give this slime a fast stir to activate the mixture. You will notice the thickness change as you stir it.  You will also notice the volume of your mixture changes as you whip it up.
  • Slime is awesome for tactile sensory play, but make sure to wash hands and surfaces after making and playing with slime.
  • Make a few batches in different colors and swirl them together as shown in the cover photo or below! Think of what other color combinations your kids would enjoy. Slime making is only limited by the imagination of the hands creating it!

More info at : Little Bins Little Hands

Livestock Guard Dogs Feeding

Livestock Guard Dogs Feeding

Livestock Guard Dogs Feeding – Livestock guardian dog (LGD) breeds and food, this is a really touchy subject.  And for this reason, I’ve been putting off writing this article for a long time.  There is just too much opposing science and too many differing (all well-argued) opinions to know for sure who’s right on this one.  But, here goes…

Livestock Guard Dogs Feeding

What should you feed your livestock guardian dog breed?  Livestock guardian dog breeds should be fed high quality commercial food or a carefully balanced raw food diet. Be aware that LGDs have historically lived on marginal diets, and modern-day owners need to take care not to overfeed their dogs as this leads to shortened lifespans and numerous health problems. 

Whether you’ve got a large Great Pyrenees or a smaller (but, yes, still large) Sarplaninac, livestock guardian dogs of all origins were traditionally bred to live on marginal diets.  Yes, they are large dog breeds, and for that fact alone, they will require a lot of food, but you don’t want to overfeed these dogs.

Livestock Guard dogs Feeding

Feeding routines are important. Feed the pup near the livestock (not at your house) preferably at the same time every day. Secure the pup’s food so it can eat in peace, without competition from the livestock. Allowing livestock to eat the dog’s food creates unnecessary conflict that can escalate as the dog grows in size.

What to Feed Livestock Guard Dogs: Commercial or Raw Food

The very general basis of raw food diets is that wolves eat raw food diets, and because dogs are closely related to wolves (and originally developed from wolves or a wolf-life ancestor), an optimal diet for them should also be one of raw foods.

Others have argued that domesticated dogs actually have a digestive system that’s different enough from that of wolves that we can’t assume they should be eating the same diet.  Dogs digestive systems are tailored toward a more varied diet, they say.

Many livestock guardian dog owners swear by raw food diets.  The Hoof and Fang Spanish Mastiff breeders worked with their vet to develop a raw food diet for their dogs.  They have an excellent “Raw Food Cheat Sheet” I highly recommended if you’re interested in this approach.  You can check it out at their website here.  They also provide a list of helpful websites and books if you’re interested in learning more about raw food diets.

When it comes to commercial dog food, you get what you pay for.  And yes, that truly is unfortunate because high quality dog food can be pricey.

Negri hypothesized the culprit causing these fights may have been a cheap brand of food.  She recommended the girls be given a high-quality food.  The client followed through and the fighting stopped pretty much immediately.  The girls’ weren’t getting the nutrition they needed out of the cheaper food, and so they were aggressive around the food bowl, trying to digest as much as possible to get the nutrients their bodies were starved for. With the more expensive food, they were getting what they needed and didn’t need to fight for resources.

Livestock Guard Dogs Feeding – How Often To Feed

I recommend feeding adults twice a day and puppies three times a day, although I’ve seen some sources that say four times for puppies up to three months.  I think your best bet is to check with both your dog’s breeder (if he’s not a rescue) and your vet.

I do not recommend free feeding if you can avoid it.  Some ranchers have so many livestock guardian dogs that feeding them twice a day is a major undertaking, so they free feed with food available all the time.  If you are in this position, you need to really keep an eye on your dogs’ weights to make sure that none of them are gaining too much weight.

Guard dogs for sheep and goats

Can Dogs eat Smoked Salmon?

Is Xanthan Gum safe for dogs

What human food can I feed my diabetic dog

Final Stages of Dog Diabetes

dog diabetes life expectancy

How Much To Feed LGD’s?

The amount you feed your dog will depend on your dog’s weight and how active she is.  You can use the recommendation given on your dog food bag and double check with your vet.

Keep in mind that dogs in the latter half of pregnancy and lactating dogs will need more food.  Sick and older dogs often have different food requirements.  Be sure to check with your vet to get it right.

Guard dogs for sheep and goats

Guard dogs for sheep and goats - Mongolian banhar

Read all about the bests guard dogs for sheep and goats. A livestock guardian dog (LGD) is a dog type bred for the purpose of protecting livestock from predators.

Guard dogs for sheep and goats

Skip Ahead : For the Five Best Livestock Guard Dogs for Sheep, Goats, and Other Herds : Click Here

Skip ahead : Livestock Guardian Dog Statistic : Click Here

Anyone not in the business of raising sheep and goats cannot understand how hard it is to lose a new lamb or kid. Even small farms with only a few livestock will benefit from keeping a livestock guard dog who can prevent the occasional loss.

Livestock guardian dogs stay with the group of animals they protect as a full-time member of the flock or herd. Their ability to guard their herd is mainly instinctive as the dog is bonded to the herd from an early age. Unlike herding dogs which control the movement of livestock, LGDs blend in with them, watching for intruders within the flock. The mere presence of a guardian dog is usually enough to ward off some predators, and LGDs will confront predators by vocal intimidation, barking, and displaying very aggressive behavior. The dog may attack or fight with a predator if it is unable to drive away the predator

Can Dogs eat Smoked Salmon?

What human food can I feed my diabetic dog

Final Stages of Dog Diabetes

List of breeds – LGD

There are many breeds of LGDs, many of which are little known outside of the regions in which they are still worked. Nevertheless, some breeds are known to display traits advantageous to guarding livestock. Some specialist livestock guarding dog breeds include:

Extant breeds

Breed
Alternate name(s)
Country of origin
Image
Abruzzese Mastiff
Pastore abruzzese &
Cane da Pecora
Italy
Guard dogs for sheep and goats - Abruzzese Mastiff
Aidi
Aïdi,
Atlas Mountain Dog,
Atlas Shepherd Dog,
Berber Dog,
Chien de l’Atlas &
Chien de Montagne de l’Atlas
Morocco
Aidi - Guard dogs for sheep and goats
Akbash dog
Akbaş Çoban Köpeği
Turkey
Akbash dog
Aksaray Malaklisi
Turkish mastiff &
Central Anatolian shepherd
Turkey
Guard dogs for sheep and goats - Aksaray Malaklisi
Anatolian Shepherd
Karabaş,
Anadolulu Karabaş
& Kangal
Turkey
Anatolian Shepherd
Armenian Gampr
Gampr
Armenia
Guard dogs for sheep and goats - Armenian Gampr
Ashayeri Dog
Iran
Sage Ashayeri - Guard dogs for sheep and goats
Azerbaijani Shepherd Dog
Azerbaijan
Azerbaijani Shepherd Dog
Bakharwal dog
India
Guard dogs for sheep and goats - Bakharwal dog
Bucovina Shepherd
Bucovina Sheepdog &
Southeastern European Shepherd
Romania &
Serbia
Guard dogs for sheep and goats - Bucovina Shepherd
Buryat-Mongolian Wolfhound
Russia
Buryat-Mongolian Wolfhound
Cane di Mannara
Italy
Guard dogs for sheep and goats - Cane di Mannara
Cão de Castro Laboreiro
Dog of Castro Laboreiro,
Portuguese Cattle Dog &
Portuguese Watchdog
Portugal
Cão de Castro Laboreiro
Cão de Gado Transmontano
Transmontano Mastiff &
Transmontano Cattle Dog
Portugal
Cão de Gado Transmontano
Carpathian Shepherd Dog
Ciobănesc Românesc Carpatin,
Romanian Shepherd,
Romanian Carpathian Shepherd,
Câine Ciobănesc Carpatin,
Carpathian Sheepdog,
Carpatin &
Romanian Carpatin Herder
Romania
Carpathian Shepherd Dog
Caucasian Shepherd Dog
Caucasian Mountain Dog &
Caucasian Ovcharka
Armenia,
Azerbaijan,
Georgia &
Russia
Caucasian Shepherd Dog
Central Asian Shepherd Dog
Alabai,
Central Asian Ovtcharka &
Aziat
Afghanistan,
Kazakhstan,
Kyrgyzstan,
Turkmenistan,
Uzbekistan &
Russia
Central Asian Shepherd Dog
Estrela Mountain Dog
Portuguese Shepherd &
Cão da Serra da Estrela
Portugal
Guard dogs for sheep and goats - Estrela Mountain Dog
Georgian Shepherd
Georgian Mountain Dog
& Nagazi
Georgia
Guard dogs for sheep and goats - Georgian Shepherd
Ghadrejani dog
Iran
Guard dogs for sheep and goats - Ghadrejani dog
Great Pyrenees
Pyrenean Mountain Dog,
Patou,
Montañés del Pirineo,
Perro de Montaña de los Pirineos,
Can de Montaña de os Perinés,
Chien des Pyrénées &
Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées
France &
Spain
Great Pyrenees - Guard dogs for sheep and goats
Greek Shepherd
Greece
Greek Shepherd - Guard dogs for sheep and goats
Himalayan Sheepdog
Himalayan Shepherd &
Himalayan Shepherd Dog
China,
India &
Nepal
Himalayan Sheepdog - Guard dogs for sheep and goats
Kangal
Sivas Kangal &
Turkish Kangal
Turkey
Kangal - Guard dogs for sheep and goats
Karakachan
Karakachansko Kuche &
Karakachanska Ovcharka
Bulgaria
Karakachan
Karst Shepherd
Slovenia
Karst Shepherd
Komondor
Hungarian Komondor,
Hungarian Sheepdog &
Mop Dog
Hungary
Komondor
Koyun dog
Bayburt Kelpi
Turkey
Koyun dog
Kuchi
Sage Kuchi,
Sage Jangi,
De Kochyano Spai,
Jangi Spai &
Afghan Shepherd
Afghanistan
Kuchi - Afghan Shepherd
Kumaon Mastiff
Sipro Kukur
India
Kumaon Mastiff
Kurdish Shepherd Dog
Iran,
Iraq &
Kurdistan
Kurdish Shepherd Dog
Kuvasz
Hungarian Kuvasz
Hungary
Kuvasz
Maremma Sheepdog
Cane da Pastore Maremmano-Abruzzese,
Pastore Abruzzese,
Pastore Maremmano,
Abruzzo Sheepdog &
Abruzzese Sheepdog
Italy
Maremma Sheepdog
Mazandrani dog
Iran
Mazandrani dog
Mioritic Shepherd
Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog,
Romanian Mioritic,
Ciobănesc Românesc Mioritic,
Mioritic
Romania
Mioritic Shepherd
Mongolian banhar
Mongolia
Mongolian banhar
Persian Mastiff
Sarabi Mastiff
Iran
Persian Mastiff
Polish Tatra Sheepdog
Tatra Mountain Sheepdog,
Owczarek Tatrzański,
Owczarek Podhalański &
Polski Owczarek
Poland
Polish Tatra Sheepdog
Pyrenean Mastiff
Mastín del Pirineo &
Mostín d’o Pireneu
Spain
Pyrenean Mastiff
Rafeiro do Alentejo
Alentejo Mastiff,
Portuguese Mastiff &
Mutt of Alentejo
Portugal
Rafeiro do Alentejo
Romanian Raven Shepherd Dog
Ciobanesc Romanesc Corb
Romania
Romanian Raven Shepherd Dog
Šarplaninac
Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog
Macedonia &
Serbia (Kosovo)
Šarplaninac
Shirak Sheepdog
Iran
Shirak Sheepdog
Slovak Cuvac
Slovak Chuvach,
Tatransky Cuvac &
Slovak tschuvatsch
Slovakia
Slovak Cuvac
Spanish Mastiff
Mastín español de campo y trabajo,
Mastín ganadero,
Mastín Leonés &
Mastín Extremeño
Spain
Spanish Mastiff
Tibetan kyi apso
Apso Do-Kyi
Tibet
Tibetan kyi apso
Tibetan Mastiff
Tibet
Tibetan Mastiff
Tobet
Kazakhstan mountain dog
Kazakhstan
Tobet
Torkuz
Uzbekistan mountain dog
& Sarkangik
Uzbekistan
Torkuz
Tornjak
Bosnian and Herzegovinian Shepherd Dog,
Bosnian Shepherd Dog,
Croatian Mountain Dog &
Bosnian-Herzegovinian and Croatian Shepherd Dog
Bosnia and Herzegovina &
Croatia
Tornjak
Vikhan Sheepdog
Chitral Watchdog &
Pakistani Vikhan Dog
Pakistan
Vikhan Sheepdog

Navajo sheep and goat guarding dogs: A New World solution to the coyote problem.

Use of donkeys to guard sheep and goats in Texas

Komondor guard dogs reduce sheep losses to coyotes: a preliminary evaluation.

List of extinct breeds

Breed
Alternate name(s)
Country or region of origin
Era
Use
Image
Alpine Mastiff
Alps
Before 5th century BC to 19th century AD
Livestock guardian
Alpine Mastiff
Molossus
Southern Europe
Classical antiquity
War dogs, hunting, guard dogs & dog fighting
American Molossus Dog

 

 

 

 

Guard dogs for sheep and goats – Top 5

Like the names suggests, this dog was originally developed in Anatolia. They are a strong mountain dog bred in an area of Asia where dogs were expected to protect sheep from wolves, jackals, and bears. They will be able to handle foxes, coyotes, and feral dogs easily.

The Anatolian shepherd looks different than most of the other livestock guard dogs. It is not pure white, sometimes has a black mask, and has a thicker neck and broader head than some dogs. They are big, up to about 70 kilograms, and look even bigger because of their thick mane.

- Guard dogs for sheep and goats

Like the Akbash, this dog is not recommended as only a companion dog. They are bred to work, will probably escape and roam if kept without a flock or herd, and unless socialized will be unlikely to accept strangers.

Even if they are kept as a pet, they will probably not want to fetch. They can be obedience trained, but it may be difficult to work with them at times.

Health problems are few, but they have been reported to have hip dysplasia, like most big dogs, eyelid problems (entropion, where the eyelid rolls in and the lashes rub against the eyeball), and a few other unusual problems. They live about 10 or 11 years.

Komondor

The Komondor has a thick corded coat that looks different than most dogs, so even people that are not familiar with livestock guard dogs have seen these dogs in shows or photos. Few are aware of his personality, however.

The thick coat is supposed to protect the dog from wolves when he is guarding his sheep. He is white, like most livestock guard dogs, taller than most (about 80 centimeters at the withers) and heavy (50–60 kilograms), but not as heavy as some breeds.

Komondor - Guard dogs for sheep and goats

Komondors are said to have the same temperament as most of the livestock guard dogs, but the individuals I have known have been more volatile. This may have been due to lack of socialization and training. They are said to be good with family and children, but like all the livestock guard dogs, he will be happier with a job to do.

Confining these dogs to a life in the city or a suburb is not acceptable.

Komondors are susceptible to the health problems of big breeds, hip dysplasia and bloat. External parasites (like fleas and ticks) are also more of a concern when the dog has that thick corded coat.

Kuvasz – Guard dogs for sheep and goats

This white or light-colored livestock guard dog is also originally from Hungary, like the Komondor. The dog breed may even have been around before coming to that country, though, and some fanciers think it is one of the oldest dog breeds in existence.

The Kuvasz looks similar to the other livestock guard dogs. The eyes are black, he weighs about 50–75 kilograms, but he is not as heavy as some of the livestock guard dog breeds. The main difference is in his personality.

Kuvasz - Guard dogs for sheep and goats

If this dog is to be kept as a companion animal, he should have early socialization and good obedience training. They might be more playful than other livestock guard dogs but are also serious about their work and quite independent. The Kuvasz is known to be good with kids, good around other animals, and protective of his family and owner. They are not known for performing tricks or obeying commands off leash.

Kuvasz are usually healthy, but hip dysplasiacan be a problem in any big dog. If fed correctly (to avoid excessive calories and rapid growth), the dogs can live about 12 years.

If you are interested in this breed of dog, there is another author, Suhail, that keeps one and is knowledgeable on the Kuvasz and other livestock guard dogs. You can search for his great article about his experience with the breed.

Great Pyrenees

This is one of the best-known livestock guard dogs. According to the AKC, their popularity has been decreasing the past few years, but they still are purchased as companion dogs, are a great dog for backyard farms, and are one of the most popular guard dog breeds.

They look fantastic, which is why so many families buy one as a companion dog. They are mostly white, with a thick double coat, a thick mane to keep the wolves off, and black eyes and a button of a nose. They also have double dew claws on their hind legs, an unusual feature.

Great Pyrenees - Guard dogs for sheep and goats

The Great Pyrenees are originally from the Pyrenees mountain region of northern Spain, like their names suggests, and have been guarding sheep in that region for hundreds of years. They bark a lot at night when doing their job, can be difficult to train, and even their fanciers admit that they are not good with strangers.

Like most livestock dogs, this breed is said to be good with kids, however. The dogs’ aggression is mainly to those he feels a threat to his flock: foxes, feral dogs, and coyotes. Despite their size (males get to be over 50 kilos and stand about 70 centimeters), they are not tough enough to handle bears or wolves.

Breeders and fanciers usually say that the Great Pyrenees is healthy, but they can develop hip dysplasia or bloat like any large breed, and some are prone to patellar luxation (a trick knee). If they don’t have any problems, Great Pyrenees usually live about 10 or 11 years, a good life span for such a large dog.

Akbash – Guard dogs for sheep and goats

These white Turkish dogs are still mostly livestock guard dogs and are not kept much as pets. They are even larger than the Great Pyrenees (males may be over 60 kilograms and stand 85 centimeters) and usually have the same dark eyes and nose. Their legs are usually longer, and their tail is a little larger.

Since they are usually working dogs and not companion animals, obedience training is not an issue, which is probably a good thing since they are not into chasing balls like some of the “intelligent” breeds. (If you do purchase one of these dogs just as a companion, he may develop behavioral problems like excessive digging or escaping.) They will get along with most other species if introduced early, and they are usually satisfied when lying in a field watching their charges, whether sheep or goats.

Akbash - Guard dogs for sheep and goats

Akbash fanciers appreciate that the dog has low energy and does well spending the day quietly. They report that the dog is athletic when it needs to be, but it is not hostile and is able to think independently.

Akbash are hardy, like all livestock guard dogs, and do not have a lot of health problems. They can have big dog issues but normally live problem-free to about 10 or 11 years old.

Wikipedia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Livestock Guardian Dog Statistics – (Guard dogs for sheep and goats stats)

Effect of LGD longevity annual cost breakeven lambs

Effect of LGD longevity on average annual cost and breakeven additional lambs weaned. Assumes little LGD value for first year – values reflect the end of the second and succeeding years. LGD cost is $1,000 the first year, $500 each succeeding year. Lambs are valued at $140 each.

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Research – Livestock Guardian Dog Stats

In 2002, Dr Laurie Marker of the Cheetah Conservation Fund in Namibia completed her PhD thesis on the biology, ecology and conservation of the cheetah on Namibian farms. It included an investigation of alternative control methods for livestock predation, particularly a study of 157 guard dogs. The research revealed that behavioural problems affected 94,4% of the dogs, and correctional training enabled only 61% of the dogs to be deployed.

The three greatest problems were: 44% of the dogs chased game (there were no statistics on how many animals were killed), 37% stayed at the kraal without accompanying the sheep to the field, and 25% harassed or killed sheep. Some dogs were guilty of more than one of these behaviours. In the end, 43% of the dogs had to be removed from the project because the behavioural problems could not be corrected or the dogs died. Of the dogs that died, 21% were shot by the owner, and a further 6% were shot by a neighbour or other farmer, while the rest died because of accidents, disease or poison.

Marker mentions that studies from the US mirrored local statistics, with about a third of guard dogs being shot by their owners. Remarkably, the average working life of the dogs at the time of death was not even 4½ years.

These conclusions were reinforced with the publication in 2011 of Gail Potgieter’s MSc thesis: The effectiveness of livestock guarding dogs for livestock production and conservation in Namibia [Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University’s Department of Zoology] on the use of Anatolian Shepherd/Kangal dogs to protect livestock from predators in Namibia. Dr Marker was one of Potgieter’s supervisors.

The dogs were placed with commercial as well as with communal farmers. About two- thirds of the guard dogs in the study was accompanied by a shepherd. Although 30% of commercial farmers experienced no difference in predator damage, 76% of all farmers in the study were satisfied that there had been a significant decline in livestock losses.

The question, however, was how predator- friendly the dogs were. About 63% of the Anatolians had killed animals. Thirty-seven of the dogs had killed jackal, nine had killed baboons, three had killed caracal and one had even killed a cheetah. Various other dogs had killed a bat-eared fox and an African wildcat. In all, at least 83 animals had been caught by Anatolian dogs, and this is an underestimate, as some farmers who reported their dogs killing animals could not give numbers.

After the dogs were deployed, the farmers reported that they were killing significantly fewer jackal and caracal themselves. But combining this figure with the dog kills brought the number of jackal and caracal kills to more or less double the number killed before deployment of dogs! The number of cheetah killed had declined sharply, however.

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Livestock Protection Dogs in the 21st Century – Stats

Many species of wildlife in Europe and North America have shared similar fates over the past 200 years. Overharvest and extirpation of some ungulate and large carnivore species characterize both continents, as do the destruction and development of habitats Enserink and Vogel 2006). Over the last 30 years, however, some of these species have demonstrated remarkable resilience in their recovery in several regions of Europe and North America, either through natural recolonization or reintroduction programs

The use of livestock protection (guarding) dogs (LPDs) appeared centuries ago throughout central Europe and Asia to help shepherds protect their goats and sheep from predators, namely brown bears (Ursus arctos) and gray wolves (Canis lupus). With the eradication of many predators from the European landscape, the mass migration of humans to urban settings, and the collectivization agricultural policy under communist regimes, much of the knowledge of the use of LPDs was lost. In North America, European immigrants during the 1800s and 1900s did not bring knowledge of the use of LPDs, nor did they incorporate them into their farming practices, as evidenced by the relatively few producers actively using LPDs before the 1970s. Navajo Indians, though, did employ nonstandard LPDs for guarding livestock, presumably having learned the technique from early Spanish explorers Lyman 1844, Dyk 1938, Black 1981, Black and Green 1985.

Past studies on LPDs, especially those with experimental rigor, are limited. Rigg (2001) presented a general overview of LPDs, and Coppinger and Coppinger (2001) provided a comprehensive review of LPD behavior and selection. Shivik (2006) briefly discussed LPDs in his review of nonlethal tools for managing predators. Smith and colleagues (2000) reviewed the use of guardian animals and focused most of their review on LPDs. All of these reviews have focused rather narrowly on using LPDs for deterring predation on livestock (principally sheep). Our intent is to provide a rigorous, updated overview of the current use of LPDs for protecting livestock from predation and to discuss the potential for using LPDs to reduce disease transmission from wildlife to livestock, as well as for conserving wildlife populations. We provide an overview of the similarities between European and North American livestock production, wildlife conflict, and wildlife conservation. On both continents, society has come to value wild ungulates and large carnivores and to prefer the use of nonlethal management tools for addressing conflicts. We outline the need for effective, nonlethal, producer-based tools to allow producers to manage these conflicts themselves. Livestock protection dogs may also offer a proactive and “green” tool for allowing livestock husbandry and wildlife to coexist (i.e., a unique conservation value). We review the history of the use of LPDs, including the lull in their use following the eradication of wolves in Europe and North America and the paucity of scientific research on their effectiveness. Further, we outline future directions to pursue and the potential for greater conservation value through the use of LPDs

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Similarities between Europe and North America

Producers in Europe and North America are confronted with similar challenges in their efforts to reduce livestock losses to predators and wildlife-transmitted diseases, while doing their part to facilitate human coexistence with wildlife. This is especially true in areas where wolves have recently recovered (e.g., the western Great Lakes region of the United States) or are actively recolonizing (e.g., the western part of the Alps range in Europe, the northern US Rocky Mountains). Effective on-farm methods are needed to reduce deer activity near livestock in order to minimize the transmission, both directly and indirectly, of diseases such as bovine tuberculosis (TB) from infected deer (Odocoileus spp.) to livestock VerCauteren et al. 2008. Other wildlife-transmitted diseases of livestock include brucellosis, keratoconjunctivitis, and neosporosis. Producers in these regions require efficacious tools that they can adapt into their normal husbandry practices in order to reduce economic losses

In the past, lethal control tools (e.g., trapping, shooting) were used extensively to remove predators from areas (e.g., bounty system). Government-funded lethal removal continues to be the primary management tool used in recovered wolf populations in North America within the conflict-management model of reactionary management (i.e., lethal removal after depredation occurs; Musiani et al. 2005). However, lethal methods alone have not eliminated wolf depredations. Musiani and colleagues (2005) reported that lethal control of wolves in Alberta, Canada (applied as reactionary management on individual farms), did not reduce the number of livestock depredations at a regional level. In Spain and Canada, although wolves are hunted, livestock depredation continues to occur and is an important issue. In the case of recovering wolf populations, lethal control may remain a last resort because the goal of current management in many areas is to increase populations to predetermined target levels. Even in areas where wolf populations have surpassed target levels for recovery, the legal challenges to delisting the populations may limit the use of lethal control (e.g., in the western United States and Great Lakes region). Unregulated lethal-control and market-hunting (e.g., unregulated hunting of wildlife for sale in markets) policies played a major role in reducing or eliminating many carnivore and ungulate populations in the 19th century in North America and Europe Trefethen 1961, Landry 2001). Such practices are no longer legally or socially acceptable for managing these conflict issues. Currently, nonlethal control methods are more acceptable to the public than regulated lethal options in both Europe and North America (Reiter et al. 1999, Breitenmoser et al. 2005). However, many of the costs associated with nonlethal management tools are borne by producers.

Current governmental management objectives and laws have relegated producers on both continents to passive and reactionary roles in the management of livestock depredations (Gehring and Potter 2005). In such positions, producers often become overly reliant on government agencies or may fail to become proactive in managing human-wildlife conflict on their property (Gehring et al. 2006, O’Brien et al. 2006). The integration of LPDs might give producers another opportunity to become active managers in protecting their livestock, helping them become integrated and active stakeholders in the wider management process (Gehring and Potter 2005). By employing LPDs, a nonlethal method, producers would also aid the conservation of large predators

The use of LPDs by livestock producers in Europe and North America is primarily an economic and political issue. In Europe, large carnivores are protected by the Bern Convention or local hunting laws. Sheep producers in areas of France and Switzerland where wolves are recolonizing receive government financial support to implement the use of LPDs. Thus, political mandates for large carnivore conservation have forced these producers to implement preventative measures to protect their livestock, and the use of LPDs has allowed wolves to live in these areas (e.g., Ribeiro and Petrucci-Fonseca 2004). Sheep producers in Spain (e.g., Castilla y Leon) have used LPDs for centuries, but still request government support for reducing wolf populations in some regions to reduce risk to their livestock. In North America and some regions of Europe (e.g., the northern part of Castilla y Leon), there is little to no governmental support for using LPDs; producers must bear most or all of the financial costs. Additionally, on both continents and worldwide, wildlife acts as a reservoir of diseases that may be transmitted to livestock. LPDs are beginning to be recognized for their ability to reduce this transmission of disease

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History of use of livestock protection dogs

The far-distant ancestor of LPDs is believed to be a predecessor of the modern-day mastiff that lived on the high Tibetan plateaus during prehistoric times (Guardamagna 1995). However, LPDs most likely originated in Mesopotamia and its peripheral regions, where livestock husbandry was well developed (Landry 1999). The first indications of the domestication of sheep (beginning with the Asiatic mouflon) and goats (starting with the bezoar goat) were found in western Asia (Iraq and Iran) dating back about 7000 or 8000 years BCE (Gauthier 1990). Domestic dogs and sheep appeared together for the first time in archaeological sites dated 3585 BCE (Olsen 1985). It is also likely that Sumerian nomadic shepherds already had dogs with their flocks to protect sheep and goats against predators, during the transhumance between Mesopotamia and the modern-day country of Hungary. In the Old Testament, Job mentions the presence of a dog with its flock (Job 30:1). Very large dogs existed in Assyria in the 13th century BCE, as can be seen in representations of dogs on various bas-reliefs and on terra-cotta from the ruins of Babylon or Niniveh. Chinese chronicles relate that such a dog was offered to the Chinese emperor in 1121 BCE (>Guardamagna 1995). Moreover, Alexander the Great is reported to have received two dogs from an Indian king, which he brought back to Macedonia into the Molosses region in 326 BCE. Since then, these dogs have been given the name of molosses Guardamagna 1995). The Romans used molosses for circus games, combat, and to guard villas and estates. A Roman farm-management treatise (published in 150 BCE) mentioned two types of dogs: One was used to hunt predators and game; the other was used to protect herds of livestock (cited in Coppinger and Coppinger 1993)

It is likely that early LPDs were simply dogs that were raised with and bonded to livestock, and thus available and adapted to the task. The first ancestors of LPDs then most likely spread from their native regions with nomadic tribes along different migration routes or with merchants. The diversity of LPDs originated from these exchanges (especially during the transhumance) and was a result of postzygotic selection (see Coppinger and Coppinger 2001 for a more complete discussion). Shepherds favored and cared for dogs that had morphological or behavioral characteristics that enabled them to outperform other dogs in pastoral tasks. These animals were not sexually isolated from the greater dog population until recent times, and even then, sexual isolation occurs mostly in the West as performed by dog breeding associations (Coppinger and Coppinger 2001). In Spain, shepherds crossbred the Mastíin mastiff with village dogs because the purebred Mastíin mastiff did not satisfactorily meet pastoral needs (e.g., it was too heavy to run after wolves). However, different projects also try to maintain or recover pastoral characteristics of local or national LPDs (e.g., Ribeiro and Petrucci-Fonseca 2005). Today, there are at least 40 “breeds” of LPDs throughout the world (Landry 1999). The use of LPDs in Europe has resurged as large predator species have recovered (Ribeiro and Petrucci-Fonseca 2004); for example, more than 1000 LPDs are now working in the Alps. In North America, the use of LPDs has been a relatively recent phenomenon, initiated only in the 1970s (Linhart et al. 1979). By 2004, 32% of sheep producers were using LPDs to protect their livestock in the United States (NASS 2005), where LPDs are used principally to protect sheep from coyotes (Canis latrans)

Worldwide, there is some variation in how LPDs have been applied by producers relative to geography, the producer’s husbandry practices, and grazing situations. For example, in Sweden and the Great Lakes region of the United States, LPDs are often used in fenced pastures (Levin 2005, Gehring et al. 2006, VerCauteren et al. 2008). In these situations, LPDs are present with livestock on relatively small pastures (> 50 hectares) during summer months and then are brought closer to buildings during winter. LPDs accompany the livestock as they are rotated among pastures and even into barns. In remote and undeveloped regions of North America, Europe, and Asia, transhumances involve the movement of livestock to open range in high country during summer months and relocation back down to fenced pastures and barns during winter, as has been done for centuries. In southern regions of Europe (e.g., France), it is common for sheep to graze outside throughout the year, except during lambing season. In these cases, LPDs continually accompany livestock and shepherds (Lapeyronie et al. 2002).

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How to unblock a website blocked by administrator

How to unblock a website blocked by administrator

Learn how to unblock a website blocked by administrator in this informational article

How to unblock a website blocked by administrator

Remember when you quickly went on to Facebook while on a coffee break at work? How about that time you opened up a Torrent site in the college computer lab? You thought you got away with it and no one noticed? You’re probably wrong, because System Administrators or sys-admins (or sss-admins – because people compare them to snakes) see everything! They’re not too liked because of how rigid they can be.

How to unblock a website blocked by administrator

Websites can be blocked at three levels: Computer level, Network level or the ISP/Governmental level. Some DNS services, such as Open DNS, too provide options to block certain types of websites for different users sharing the computer. Then, there are some software other than the built-in “Restricted Websites” in Internet Options that help in blocking a website.

Websites can be blocked at three levels

Remember, though, don’t hate the person, hate the position, because he or she is just doing their job. That disclaimer aside, it’s time to learn how to stick it to them! Remember, though there can be serious consequences for such actions, and losing your job, or even prosecution and jailtime might be on the cards, depending on where you work. Plus, if you happen to be an actual sys-admin, this article might help you learn how people are bypassing your restrictions. Now that we’ve saved our collective backsides from lawsuits, on with the article!

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How to unblock a website blocked by administrator – Is The Website Down?

You may not be able to access a particular website due to some outage. Check with these website monitors. The check  – Is a website up or down.  It will tell you if a blog or website is working, online, up, down right now or not to anyone or everyone.

Access Website Blocked On a Computer

There are different options to access a website, and they depend on the mode used to block the site.

Access Website Blocked On a Computer

For example, Open DNS employs category system, and if you wish to go to a category that your parents have chosen to block it for you, it will provide a notification.

The Restrictions

Sys-admins are a bunch of tools. No, that came out wrong, what we meant was that they use a bunch of tools. First step in bypassing the tools is leaning about them yourself:

  • Network firewalls – These block incoming and outgoing access to whatever the sss-admin wants to block – websites and IP addresses.
  • Installation access – If you’re unable to install or upgrade things on your system this is because of restrictions on installations.

How to unblock a website blocked by administrator - The Restrictions

  • Process list – You may be barred from being able to view or change the current running processes on your system.
  • Blocked ports – You may be barred from accessing certain TCP/IP ports which some services might require to be open in order to run.
  • There might be a few other restrictions in place as well, but they will be similar to the ones we’ve mentioned here, and you can bypass most with the knowledge you get from this article.

How to unblock a website blocked by administrator – HTTP and HTTPS

The first thing to try is to add or remove an “s” to the “http” preceding the website URL. For example, typing in https://www.facebook.com may open it for you because only “http://www.facebook.com” was blocked.

unblock a website - HTTP and HTTPS

Likewise, if it was “https” blocked, you can try “http” only to see if you can access the website. The term “https” represents a secure connection while the “http” is the unencrypted version of the website URL.

Network Firewalls

One of the most common ways to get around a firewall is to use a proxy website. Of course this is common, so any decent sys-admin will have already blocked all commonly known proxies. Get Firefox installed (even if you have to get it via the sys-admin themselves). Start Firefox and go to Tools > Options > Connection Settings. You can find a list of available proxy IP addresses online as well.

A more reliable option would be to use UltraSurf or JonDo. Both use the self-invented GIFT system which is a high-encryption node-proxy anti-jamming system that allegedly has higher security standards than even financial transactions online. Both UltraSurf and JonDo are simple EXE files that connect automatically to a proxy server. They are portable software and can be run from a USB drive. Some systems have USB access restricted though.

Network Firewalls

You can also use remote access if you have a home PC on an unrestricted connection you can use that as your private proxy server to browse using its connection. Just go to Start > Accessories > Remote Desktop Connection. If your home computer has a static IP address, put that in (if it does not, then sign it up with dyndns.org to associate a name to your computer). Once connected, you can use it like a virtual machine.

Using your phone’s mobile data hotspot is another way of bypassing all internet restrictions. You could also use a VPN service to be able to browse freely, over an encrypted connection.

Internet Options – Restricted Websites & Content Advisor

If toggling between http and https does not help, check the error message you are getting when trying to access. If it says “Due to Restrictions On This Account”, it could be a Family Safety Software. Not much can be done in this case except to try portable browsers that do not need to be installed and offer proxy as well. We’ll get to that in a while.

If there is no account-related message, probably the site has been blocked using Internet Options. Go to Internet Options in Control Panel and on the Security tab, click on Restricted Websites in the Internet Security Zone, and then on the button labeled “Sites” (See image below). Check if the URL of the website you wish to access is listed there. If yes, select the URL and click Remove. You’ll be prompted for confirmation. That done, the website should open without any problems on any of your browsers.

Internet Options – Restricted Websites & Content Advisor

There is yet another method to block certain types of websites from opening – using the same Internet Options dialog box. Click on the Content tab. Based upon your version of Windows, you might see “Content Advisor” or “Family Safety” button. This option is used to restrict certain types of websites from opening for different users. That means you can use the option to block websites at the user level. If you know the password, you can click the button and change settings. If not, you will have to ask permissions from your parents or network admin. Here too, you can use a portable browser to bypass restrictions.

How to unblock a website blocked by administrator – Installation Access

If you are mainly reliant on a school or university computer for projects, research and more work, it can get particularly irritating when you want to use a free and legal tool that is essential for your project and you simply don’t have access to do it. Even on a work PC, getting the admin department to install something for you each time you need it can be a real pain. Besides, what harm can VLC really do to a machine?

One of the simplest ways to get around this is to get portable versions of the applications that you need on a USB drive and run them on your target machine. Contrary to what you expect, portable versions are available for a large number of applications. Head over to portableapps for a full list that contains all the categories and options that you will need.

website blocked by administrator - Installation Access

Another method involves getting the installer file to extract into a folder.What this method does is, it simply gets the files that the installer would normally place in the installation folder, into another folder of your choice by making the installer behave as an archive. Keep in mind that this is trial and error method and may not work with all applications. Once you have the installer files with you, you need to download an application called the “Universal Extractor”.

Once you have the application, run it, and in the window that opens up, choose the correct option to select the installer to be extracted. It also lets you select the target folder, which is the same folder as the installer by default. Once you have done this, you will be prompted to select the extraction method. If you are not sure about the method here, try each choice once until you get the extracted files in that folder. Now you can simply copy these files onto a USB and run them on a computer of your

Using A Portable Proxy Browser To Access Restricted Websites

You can download a portable browser that doubles up as a proxy such as KProxy. This product has both portable and installation type versions.

Portable Proxy Browser To Access Restricted Websites

The best thing about the website browser is that it offers online browsing without actually typing the website address in the main URL bar. Instead, you type the URL in the text box given in the middle of the KProxy website.

Using A Different DNS

When some website is banned in an area, it is the ISP blocking traffic to and from that website. Changing DNS settings from your ISP to something different might help you access the site. For example, you can change your DNS to Google Public DNS.

Unblock Website - Use A Different DNS

To change DNS, right click the network icon in the taskbar and select Open Network and Sharing. In the Window that appears, double-click on your network. It will bring up a dialog box and there you can change the DNS under IPv4.

How to unblock a website blocked by administrator – Unblock Ports

For this one, you will absolutely need admin access, so refer to the earlier part of this article if you skipped it. Once you’re done with that, or if you already have admin rights, there are essentially four ways in which an admin could have blocked your USB ports, and we are quickly going to take all four of them down!

Method 1 – go to Start > Run and type regedit and hit [Enter]. Navigate to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\USBSTOR and on the right pane, click on Start and change the value to 3, then hit OK.
Method 2 – Just check the device manager, as ports can be disabled from here as well. Right click on a selected port and click on Enable

website blocked by administrator - Unblock Ports

Method 3 – If your sys-admin has gone one step further and uninstalled the USB drivers completely, simply plugging your USB device back into the machine should start a search for the right drivers and their subsequent installation.
Method 4 – Get a third party tool to enable USB ports. Such tools are usually one-click solutions to enable/disable ports, and you can find quite a few good ones online.

Use a Proxy To Access Restricted Websites

Proxy websites are accessed only after entering the URL in your browser, and they will allow you to browse other websites by using the internet connection on that website. A Proxy server is like a proxy site – the difference being – you will be given an IP address that will get set up in your browser using which you will be able to surf the internet.

Use a Proxy To Access Restricted Websites

You may use proxy websites or programs to access websites blocked in your area. One such proxy is UltraSurf. This was specifically designed to allow the population of a certain country to access social networking sites. There are some websites who let you easily access and open blocked websites. OpenBlockedWebsite.com and HideMyAss.com are two such websites you may want to check out. They act as free web anonymizers that aim to unblock blocked websites and offer free anonymous web surfing. Also, check out Hola Unblocker.

These are some methods that will help you access websites restricted on your home network, corporate LANs, or the ones banned in your country.

How to unblock a website blocked by administrator – Access the Taskmanager

Thanks to the super efficient operating system that Windows has been, and the tendency of school or work systems to be ‘extremely generous’ with configuratioins (that’s sarcasm), sometimes the only option one is left with is opening up the task manager and killing unnecessary processes. Sadly sss-admins have been known to block this as well. You need one all powerful tool to get beyond this unbreachable wall, and that tool is…(cue drumroll)….Microsoft Word!!!

website blocked by administrator - Access the Taskmanager

No, we’re not kidding, really. There is a loophole in Microsoft’s Office software for creating documents that has associated a ‘Tasks’ property to it, that conveniently returns a list of all the processes running on the computer. There are a number of things you can do with this loophole which involve running some scripts using the command prompt, that lets you do all sorts of things like getting a list of processes, closing a process or even maximising it. Check out the exact process here.

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How to make Homemade Brown Gravy with Flour and Water?

How to make Homemade Brown Gravy with Flour and Water

How to make Homemade Brown Gravy with Flour and Water? It can be INTIMIDATING but I will show you how to make homemade gravy (brown gravy recipe) that turns out perfect every single time, just like my Mom taught me.

This Thanksgiving gravy is required at your next feast in just a week!

I really think that a Thanksgiving meal is more than just the turkey… How to make Homemade Brown Gravy with Flour and Water –  It’s the Thanksgiving sides that really take the feast over the top and this gravy is one of my FAVORITE parts of that meal.

There are VARIOUS recipes and methods for making gravy.

I have seen recipes that are made with milk, water, meat drippings, bouillon BUT my family makes brown gravy recipe with beef broth and drippings and I love it

How to make Homemade Brown Gravy with Flour and Water

How to make Homemade Brown Gravy with Flour and Water?

  • Easy to make
  • Uses simple ingredients from your pantry (6 ingredients only!)
  • Pairs very well with many other recipes too
  • Works every times and never fails
  • Tastes incredible
  • Ready in just 15 minutes

How to make Homemade Brown Gravy with Flour and Water

You can serve this homemade brown gravy with:

  • Meatloaf
  • Pot roast
  • Salisbury steak
  • Biscuits
  • Poutine
  • Mashed potatoes

Here are some flavor VARIATIONS you can try with this easy gravy recipe:

  • Add some sliced onions or sliced mushrooms to give it more flavor and this also compliments beef recipes really well.
  • Instead of beef drippings, use different kinds of meat drippings from sausage, bacon, turkey or even chicken.
  • Add some more spices like paprika, red chili flakes or herbs like dried oregano, thyme, dill or garlic to enhance the flavor and give this traditional gravy recipe a twist.

How to make Homemade Brown Gravy with Flour and Water

How to make Homemade Brown Gravy with Flour and Water from Scratch?

Start off by heating butter and beef drippings in a non-stick saucepan. Add flour and mix until golden brown. Add broth gradually, while constantly mixing. Add salt and pepper and let it simmer and thicken to the desired consistency. Remove from heat and stir in some butter to make silky smooth glossy gravy.

How to make gravy with flour and water?

My recipe below uses flour and beef broth but some people use a combination of water and broth instead of all broth. It’s just a personal preference.

Is homemade beef gravy same as homemade white gravy?

Based on my research, they are not the same. White gravy is usually made with a combination of butter, milk and flour with some sausage drippings and no broth is used. It’s also much whiter in color compared to brown gravy.

How to thicken brown gravy? How to make gravy thicker?

Some people use cornstarch and some people use flour. I prefer using flour.

How to make brown gravy without meat drippings?

Some people rave about their gravy recipe without drippings (brown gravy recipe with beef bouilon cubes) but it was not as good as this homemade classic brown gravy.

Are brown gravy and beef gravy the same?

Yes, they are the same.

How do you make gravy from meat juices?

That is the classic way of making gravy. Save the pan drippings from your cooked beef like stew meat or roast or steak and cook it together with flour, butter and broth to make silky smooth gravy.

How to make Homemade Brown Gravy with Flour and Water? – Can you freeze brown gravy?

Since this is NOT a milk-based gravy, it can be frozen in sealed freezer bags for up to 1 month. Milk-based gravy should not be frozen because they will separate when thawing.

Here are some TIPS on How to make Homemade Brown Gravy with Flour and Water:

  • Use UNSALTED butter and LOW SODIUM broth to prevent the gravy from becoming too salty.
  • If you have some extra time, TOAST the flour on the stovetop until it’s golden brown and use that in the recipe. It gives a darker color and better overall flavor (a wonderful nutty flavor!).
  • Beef broth tastes the BEST but chicken broth can be used too.
  • Use NON-STICK saucepan because it prevents the gravy from sticking and burning.
  • You must add the broth SLOWLY and continue whisking constantly to PREVENT lumps from forming.
  • To fix LUMPY gravy, use a hand held blender and that gets rids of most lumps and make the gravy smooth.
  • Gravy tends to THICKEN the longer it sits and that’s why you should consider serving immediately.
  • To fix thick gravy, mix in some water or broth to thin it out to your desired consistency.
  • You can use this recipe to prepare an easy MAKE AHEAD gravy before the big Thanksgiving dinner and save some time.
  • Recipe can be doubled or tripled easily.
  • If you are ever short on time, you can use store-bought brown gravy mix to make thick gravy too but I find this classic homemade brown gravy so much better.

How to make Homemade Brown Gravy with Flour and Water – Nothing makes a meal feel more complete than gravy. It’s the perfect finishing touch to mashed potatoes, a glorious addition to beef, and an absolute must on most holiday tables. Gravy by itself can elevate a meal from boring to amazing, yet a lot of people avoid making it.

How to make Homemade Brown Gravy with Flour and Water – Recipe One

Ingredients

  • 3 Tablespoons oil (olive, bacon grease, canola, etc) I personally use olive.
  • 3 Tablespoons flour
  • 1 tsp pepper
  • 1 chicken, beef or vegetable boullion cube
  • 3/4 cup water

Preparation

In a pan, heat olive oil. Add pepper and boullion cube. Stir for about a minute. Add flour, quickly stirring to make a paste. If the paste is a little ‘dry’ add a few drops of oil until it’s kind of clumpy. Sautee your lumpy sauce until lightly brown, add cold water to pan, quickly stirring. If you add hot water, your flour will cook fast and you will end up with a hot lumpy mess. Continue to stir until you have a liquid cloudy mixture. Bring to a simmer and reduce heat. If sauce is a little thin, cook at a simmer until you reach desired thickness. Use as you would most gravy.

How to make a Roux for Beef Gravy

How to make Gravy with Flour and Water and Grease

How to Make Brown Gravy Mix Taste Better

How to make gravy with flour and water

MAKE AHEAD MIXES

How to make Homemade Brown Gravy with Flour and Water – Recipe Two

Ingredients

  • 4 Tablespoons beef fat or reserved beef fat plus enough oil to equal 4 Tablespoons
  • 4 Tablespoons all-purpose flour
  • 2 cups reserved meat juices or reserved juices with enough beef stock to equal 2 cups
  • Salt and pepper to taste
  • 1 Tablespoon unsalted butter Optional

Instructions

  1. Heat beef fat and oil over medium high heat in a small saucepan. Add flour and stir occasionally until mixture is golden brown and smells nutty.
  2. Pour in 1/2 cup liquid and stir until smooth. Add remaining liquid and stir until combined.
  3. Bring to a boil, stirring constantly. Reduce heat and simmer 2 minutes.
  4. Season to taste with salt and pepper.
  5. Stir in 1 Tablespoon of butter if desired for a silky sheen.
  6. Serve immediately.

 

How to make a Roux for Beef Gravy

How to make a Roux for Beef Gravy

How to make a Roux for Beef Gravy : There are several ways to make gravy: it can be thickened with a cornstarch slurry, made smooth with the addition of a roux, or served simply as the drippings straight from the pan. Gravy made with a roux—a mixture of fat and flour—is a classic preparation, using the pan drippings from your holiday bird or roast. The roux adds intense flavor and a velvety texture to the gravy. But don’t worry if you aren’t cooking a whole turkey or beef roast in the oven—you can also make a roux gravy with butter or oil to amp up an everyday chicken or to top Salisbury steak.

How to make a Roux for Beef Gravy

How to make a Roux for Beef Gravy

A Roux Defined

A roux combines equal parts fat from either oil, butter, or the renderings of the roasted food, along with some flour. It can be used as the base of a sauce or as a thickener in dishes such as clam chowder and macaroni and cheese.

Roux ranges in color from pale to deep brown, darkening the longer you cook it. A lighter roux preserves the flavor of the fat—whether butter or pan drippings or lard—whereas a darker roux takes on its own nutty, caramelized character. You can decide how long to cook the roux depending on how you plan to use it. For example, you want clam chowder to retain a white, creamy color, so a pale quick-cooked roux works best. Gumbo, on the other hand, can benefit from a deeper, more complex-tasting roux, so cooking it down until darker is best. For a holiday gravy, you might prefer something in between, perhaps in the color range of peanut butter.

The Basic Roux Gravy Formula

How to make a Roux for Beef Gravy – The ratio of fat to flour to liquid is important when making a roux-based gravy, and depending on how thick you like your gravy, you can adjust the amount of fat and flour. To make 1 cup of roux gravy, start with 2 tablespoons of fat, 2 tablespoons of flour, and 1 cup of liquid. (If you would like a thinner gravy, decrease the fat and flour measurements to 1 1/2.) The liquid can be broth, milk, or heavy cream, depending on how rich and decadent you want the finished product. You can also combine smaller amounts of heavy cream or wine with broth for added texture and flavor.

How to make a Roux for Beef Gravy

How to make Gravy with Flour and Water and Grease

How to Make Brown Gravy Mix Taste Better

How to make gravy with flour and water

Slow Cooked Roast Chicken Jamie Oliver

Chicken Soup from Bones in Slow Cooker

The Method for Making Roux Grav – How to make a Roux for Beef Gravy

Making a roux gravy isn’t difficult, you just need to make sure you have all of the correct proportions. First, determine how much gravy you need and then adjust the fat amount up or down if necessary according to the basic formula. Measure the amount of fat or oil in the pan drippings after you cook your turkey or another piece of meat—you can pour all of the drippings into a liquid measuring cup and then remove what you need, or simply scoop out the amount of fat with a tablespoon measuring spoon and set aside. (Discard the remaining drippings or save for another use.) Add butter, cooking oil, rendered bacon grease, or lard if you need to increase the volume of fat.

How to make a Roux for Beef Gravy – You can prepare the gravy right in the roasting pan (making sure to first pour off any extra fat beyond the amount you need for gravy), which allows you to scrape up the brown bits of flavor stuck to the bottom. Or, if you prefer, transfer the drippings to a clean saucepan or skillet. Bring the fat back up to a medium-low temperature if it cooled.

Sprinkle an equal amount of all-purpose or Wondra flour onto the hot fat and cook it, whisking continuously, for at least 5 minutes over low heat to remove the raw flavor of the flour. How to make a Roux for Beef Gravy – Add the corresponding ratio of liquid slowly to the roux while continuing to whisk it. Bring it to a simmer whisking continuously to prevent lumps until it reaches your desired thickness. Keep in mind that the gravy continues to thicken as it stands, so resist the urge to speed up the process by adding additional flour.

Final Adjustments to Roux Gravy

Once the roux gravy is cooked, you may decide to alter the consistency and flavor a bit. To thin the gravy, add a little more broth. To thicken runny gravy, cook it a little longer. Unless you started with a heavily seasoned piece of meat, you probably need to add salt and pepper before you pull the gravy off the stove. As a general rule, stir in 1/2 teaspoon of salt for each cup of liquid, but make sure to taste first.

Use a fat separator if the gravy seems greasy. For an exceptionally smooth gravy, strain it through a sieve into your serving boat or bowl.

How to make a Roux for Beef Gravy – Right Color Roux for Your Recipe

White Roux

White roux is cooked for about 5 minutes, just until the flour has lost its raw smell, but before any golden color or toasted aroma develops. This roux is used to thicken chowders and milk-based sauces. Classic macaroni and cheese, tuna noodle casserole, and New England clam chowder are all based on milk thickened with a white roux.

Blond Roux

Blond, or golden roux, is cooked approximately 20 minutes to a light, golden-brown shade with an aroma resembling popcorn or toasted bread. This is the most commonly-used roux, desired for the richness and a slight nuttiness it provides along with its excellent thickening power. Blond roux is a good, general-purpose roux to keep on hand for thickening gravy, sauces, soups, and stews.

Brown Roux

Brown roux is cooked about 35 minutes until it reaches a peanut butter-brown color. Its aroma is more pronounced and sharper than the nutty smell of blond roux. Cooked to this stage, flour begins to lose its thickening power, requiring more roux to thicken a given amount of liquid.

Dark Brown Roux

Even darker than the preceding brown roux, dark brown roux is cooked approximately 45 minutes until it is the color of melted milk chocolate. Its aroma is mellower than the strong, roasted flavor of brown roux, and will actually smell a little like chocolate. This stage has the least thickening power of all four; its main purpose is as a flavoring agent with thickening being secondary.

Slow Cooked Roast Chicken Jamie Oliver

Slow Cooked Roast Chicken Jamie Oliver

Slow Cooked Roast Chicken Jamie Oliver – Cooking a chicken in a slow cooker makes it very succulent and packed full of flavour. This simple, freezable recipe is perfect for feeding a family

Slow Cooked Roast Chicken Jamie Oliver

Prep: 15 Min

Cook: 5 hrs, 30 mins, Easy, Serves 4

  • Freezable
  • Gluten-free

Slow Cooked Roast Chicken Jamie Oliver – Nutrition: per serving

  • kcal 497
  • fat 30g
  • saturates 10g
  • carbs 7g
  • sugars 6g
  • fibre 2g
  • protein 49g
  • salt 0.5g

Slow Cooked Roast Chicken Jamie Oliver – Ingredients

  • 1 large onion, peeled and cut into thick slices
  • 2 carrots, halved lengthways and chopped
  • 1 small or medium chicken
  • 2 tbsp butter, softened
  • 1 bay leaf

Slow Cooked Roast Chicken Jamie Oliver – Method

Slow Cooked Roast Chicken Jamie Oliver – Preheat the slow cooker if necessary. Put the onion and carrot in the base of the stock pot to form a protective layer to sit the chicken on, and add 100ml boiling water. Gently ease the chicken skin away from the breast. Stir some salt and pepper into the butter and push the butter under the skin. Put the bay leaf in the cavity of the chicken and sit on top of the onion and carrot.

Slow Cooked Roast Chicken Jamie Oliver – Cook on low for 5 hrs, then check that the chicken is cooked by wiggling the wing – it should feel very loose. Tip the chicken up so any liquid inside flows out, then cook on high for 30 mins. If the chicken isn’t cooked through after the initial time, cook for another hour, then turn the heat up.

Slow Cooked Roast Chicken Jamie Oliver – If you want the skin to be browned, grill it for a couple of minutes (make sure your slow cooker insert is flameproof if you keep it in the pot, or transfer it to a roasting tin).
There will be some gravy in the base of the dish with the veg, tip everything through a sieve and press the veg gently to make sure you get every last drop. Serve the veg on the side, if you like.

Slow Cooked Roast Chicken Jamie Oliver

Perfect roast chicken

Serves 4
Cooks In 1H 25M plus resting time
Difficulty Super easy

Nutrition per serving

  • Calories 374 19%
  • Fat 15.8g 23%
  • Saturates 3.9g 20%
  • Sugars 9.3g 10%
  • Salt 1.2g 20%
  • Protein 45.5g 91%
  • Carbs 13.4g 5%
  • Fibre 3.4g –

Ingredients

  • 1 x 1.6 kg higher-welfare chicken
  • 2 medium onions
  • 2 carrots
  • 2 sticks of celery
  • 1 bulb of garlic
  • olive oil
  • 1 lemon
  • 1 bunch of mixed fresh herbs , such as, thyme, rosemary, bay

Chicken Soup from Bones in Slow Cooker

How to make Gravy with Flour and Water and Grease

How to Make Brown Gravy Mix Taste Better

How to make gravy with flour and water

A taste of otherness eating and thinking globally

Method

  1. Remove the chicken from the fridge 30 minutes before you want to cook it, to let it come up to room temperature.
  2. Preheat the oven to 240°C/475°F/gas 9.
  3. Wash and roughly chop the vegetables – there’s no need to peel them. Break the garlic bulb into cloves, leaving them unpeeled.
  4. Pile all the veg, garlic and herbs into the middle of a large roasting tray and drizzle with oil.
  5. Drizzle the chicken with oil and season well with sea salt and black pepper, then rub all over the bird. Place the chicken on top of the vegetables.
  6. Carefully prick the lemon all over, using the tip of a sharp knife (if you have a microwave, you could pop the lemon in these for 40 seconds at this point as this will really bring out the flavour). Put the lemon inside the chicken’s cavity, with the bunch of herbs.
  7. Place the tray in the oven, then turn the heat down immediately to 200°C/400°F/gas 6 and cook for 1 hour 20 minutes.
  8. If you’re doing roast potatoes and veggies, this is the time to crack on with them – get them into the oven for the last 45 minutes of cooking.
  9. Baste the chicken halfway through cooking and if the veg look dry, add a splash of water to the tray to stop them from burning.
  10. When the chicken is cooked, take the tray out of the oven and transfer the chicken to a board to rest for 15 minutes or so. Cover it with a layer of tin foil and a tea towel and leave aside while you make your gravy.
  11. To carve your chicken, remove any string and take off the wings (break them up and add to your gravy, along with the veg trivet, for mega flavour). Carefully cut down between the leg and the breast. Cut through the joint and pull the leg off.
  12. Repeat on the other side, then cut each leg between the thigh and the drumstick so you end up with four portions of dark meat. Place these on a serving platter.
  13. You should now have a clear space to carve the rest of your chicken. Angle the knife along the breastbone and carve one side off, then the other.
  14. When you get down to the fussy bits, just use your fingers to pull all the meat off, and turn the chicken over to get all the tasty, juicy bits from underneath. You should be left with a stripped carcass, and a platter full of lovely meat that you can serve with your piping hot gravy and some delicious roast veg.

 

Chicken Soup from Bones in Slow Cooker

Chicken Soup from Bones in Slow Cooker

This Chicken Soup from Bones in Slow Cooker recipe is easy as can be. Just toss a chicken carcass in a pot with some aromatics, add water, soy sauce, and apple cider, and forget about it for a while.

Serves 10
Serving Size: 1 portion
Calories Per Serving: 153
% Daily Value
7% Total Fat 4.8g
Saturated Fat 1.3g
Trans Fat 0g
9% Cholesterol 28.2mg
30% Sodium 728.7mg
4% Total Carbohydrate 12.7g
3% Dietary Fiber 0.8g
Sugars 6g
28% Protein 13.9g

Chicken Soup from Bones in Slow Cooker

Chicken Soup from Bones in Slow Cooker Variations

Main recipe lower on page starting with RED heading

Slow Cooker Leftover Roast Chicken Soup

Chicken Soup from Bones in Slow Cooker – Toss your roast chicken carcass and desired aromatics (that means vegetables or herbs) in your slow cooker and cook on slow for 8 hours or overnight. (Trust us, the only thing better than the smell of coffee in the morning is the aroma of chicken soup.) Continue with step 3 in the instructions above. Easy just got even easier.

Leftover Roast Chicken Soup with Carbs

Chicken Soup from Bones in Slow Cooker – If you like rice or pasta, cook some up in a separate pot, stealing some of the broth from the soup pot to use as your cooking liquid.

Egg Drop Soup With Leftover Roast Chicken

Lightly whisk 3 eggs to combine. Stir the finished soup in a clockwise direction and, while still stirring, pour in the eggs in a slow, steady stream. Continue to stir for 1 to 2 minutes, until egg ribbons form. Ladle into bowls and garnish with thinly sliced scallions if you’ve got ’em.

Slow Cooked Roast Chicken Jamie Oliver

How to make Gravy with Flour and Water and Grease

How to Make Brown Gravy Mix Taste Better

How to make gravy with flour and water

Chicken soup revisited: calcium content of soup increases with duration of cooking

Ingredients for Chicken Soup from Bones in Slow Cooker

  • Roast chicken carcass with some meat attached (on the wings, back, etc.)
  • Any aromatics you desire (you know, the usual stuff including garlic, herbs, onion, carrots, ginger, etc.)
  • 1/4 to 1/2 cup soy sauce (Christina Tosi likes Kikkoman)
  • 1/3 to 2/3 cup apple cider or apple juice
  • 1/4 to 1/2 teaspoon black pepper

Directions for Chicken Soup from Bones in Slow Cooker

  • 1. To make the Leftover Roast Chicken Soup in your slow cooker, see the Slow Cooker Variation above. To make the Leftover Roast Chicken Soup on your stove top, combine the chicken carcass and any residual meat and desired aromatics in a large stock pot (5- to 8-quart capacity) and fill the pot with water so the chicken is fully submerged. Set over the lowest of low heat, lid that puppy 3/4 of the way so the water can evaporate a little bit but not too much, and leave it for at least 6 hours, skimming any scum that accumulates on the surface of the stock but leaving any puddles of fat. [Editor’s Note: Christina Tosi leaves the stock simmering overnight. You may or may not wish to do the same. We guess it depends on your level of risk taking and whether your homeowner’s insurance is up to date.]
  • 2. Remove the pot from the heat. Your kitchen smells amazing, right? Strain the liquid from the chicken into another large pot and let the solids rest in the strainer. Walk away for a little while. Brush your teeth. Brush your hair. The chicken should be cool enough to handle at this point.
  • 3. Using your hands, separate the chicken meat from the bones, aromatics, and gelatin. Don’t be grossed out—put your best farm girl face on, roll up your sleeves, and get to work. This should yield 2 to 3 cups light and dark meat, depending on how much chicken you ate the night before. Toss the bones and stuff in the trash. Add the shredded chicken to the pot with the broth. (You can cover and refrigerate the soup until dinnertime.)
  • 4. Bring the soup to a gentle simmer. If you want, you can clean out your fridge by throwing in a handful of baby carrots, chopped onion, Brussels sprouts, spinach, or whatever else you’ve got languishing in your vegetable bin. It’ll taste awesome. Simmer until the soup is warmed through and any vegetables are tender.
  • 5. Stir in the soy sauce, apple cider, and black pepper to taste and ladle into bowls.

 

What human food can I feed my diabetic dog

What human food can I feed my diabetic dog

What human food can I feed my diabetic dog – Many people are in the view that dogs can eat all of the human food but this is not the case, here is a wise list of human foods that you can serve to your diabetic dog.

What human food can I feed my diabetic dog

Winter Squash

A number of human food squash are good for diabetic dogs like pumpkin, butternut squash, and acorn squash because these squashes are high in fiber content. However, before serving winter squash should be cooked.

Alpha Sprouts

It is a high fiber food that is also safe for dogs and very supportive to cure diabetes in dogs. For a diabetic-friendly dinner mix it with the rice, oats and low-fat meat.

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dog diabetes life expectancy

Carrots

Dogs love to eat this human food, according to many of studies naturally occurring sugar like sugar from carrots do not affect the insulin level in the body of dogs. Either you served it in the raw or cooked form, Its beneficial in both ways. To be safely swallowed pulp the carrots, that becomes easy to digest too.

Parsley

This leafy green vegetable is low in sugar and high in fiber, Its an ideal human food for diabetic dogs.

Garlic

For diabetic support, you can add garlic in any of good that you cook at home or paste of garlic can be added in commercial food. It’s just an ingredient do not feed as a stand-alone vegetable. A high quantity of garlic may cause anemia in dogs. Consider to serve small dosage of garlic with other foods as a remedy and on the safe side do not cross the limit of three cloves on a daily basis.

Broccoli and Cauliflower

Both are known as low glycemic index human food. These green vegetables contain few sugars and very high in fiber. Both should be well pulped to make these digestions friendly and to get maximum benefits. The nutritional makeup of both vegetables is same and ideal for diabetic dogs.

Green Beans

You can choose this human food to provide fiber to your pooch, it contains a lot of fiber but not good in carbohydrates. You can serve it in raw form, pulped or cooked with other vegetables. It is a must-have vegetable for a diabetic dog because it supports the dog to stay energetic.

Leafy Salad Greens

Kale, collard greens, turnip greens, mustard greens, lettuce and all of your typical green salads are beneficial for diabetic dogs. Avoid spinach and Swiss chard.

Peapods

To get the maximum benefits of human food you need to feed entire pea in the pod. According to studies, this combination makes them balanced food for carbohydrate and fiber.

Can Dogs eat Smoked Salmon?

Insulin resistance in dogs

Beets

When you are cooking a multi-ingredient food for your dog, you can include beets
to make your dog’s food colorful. This human food is high in sugar but good for
moderation. You may add some beet green instead of red to balance the sugar level
in food.

What human food can I feed my diabetic dog

What human food can I feed my diabetic dog – What grains

When your dog is suffering from diabetes, switching to a grain-free food is not a good choice at all. To stay healthy and active in daily activities dogs need vitamins, minerals, and fiber. So instead of starchy food, you should choose while grains from the human foods for your pooch. Because whole grains are rich in fiber, minerals, and vitamins. Processed foods may contain added sugar and other toxic ingredients but in the pure form, these whole grains provide energy as well as supportive towards curing diabetes. You must look for under-listed human food whole grains to include in your dog’s diet.

  • Bulgur (cracked wheat)
  • Brown rice
  • Triticale
  • Whole wheat flour
  • Wild rice
  • Buckwheat
  • Whole oats/oatmeal
  • Whole grain corn
  • Brown rice
  • Triticale
  • Millet
  • Whole rye
  • Whole grain barley
  • Whole farro
  • Quinoa
  • Sorghum
  • Whole rye
  • Whole grain barley
  • Whole farro
  • Wild rice
  • Buckwheat

What human food can I feed my diabetic dog – Some time when your dog has difficulty in digestion along with diabetes eliminating the whole grains can be a solution to keep him regular. But when he returns to the normal health you can include these grains in food.

Many studies conclude that easy to digest starches are a reason to trigger spikes in the blood sugar level right after a meal, it also can lead to weight gain. You can add human food whole grain in your dog’s diet to reach the blood sugar goals.

If you are already feeding a diet that contains whole grains then prefer to feed the same, but prefer to feed only whole grain diets because it also helps your dog in weight management.

There three most important in the list:

  • 1. Quinoa (related to spinach)
  • 2. Buckwheat (related to spinach)
  • 3. Amaranth (related to rhubarb)

These three are not truly grains but these are the best gain like human foods that you can feed to your diabetic dog. All of these foods contain fiber, protein and other important nutrient and the specialty is these will not increase the sugar level as much as true grains.

The list of these three What human food can I feed my diabetic dog may seem strange or new to you but humans are eating them from hundred of years.

What human food can I feed my diabetic dog

Other Foods for Diabetic dog

What human food can I feed my diabetic dog – Protein

High-quality proteins are very essential when managing diabetes in your dog. Meat sources like lamb and beef have the L-Carnitine amino acid which can help enhance fat metabolism and assist in maintaining lean body mass. Other great sources of proteins for a diabetic canine include chicken, fish, and turkey.
Since we’re trying to avoid body fat from adding up, aim for the low-fat foods like lean red meats or chicken breast.

What human food can I feed my diabetic dog – Carbohydrates

When it comes to carbs, you truly have to be careful not to cause a blood sugar spike in your dog. The body usually digests carbs faster than proteins or fats. As you choose the right meal for your pet, you have to avoid simple carbs which are characterized by high glycemic index (GI). High GI food can make the glucose spike very fast, therefore you should stick with wholesome or low GI carb. Some of these foods include whole grains, legumes, brown rice, potatoes, and honey.

Some of the high-glycemic food that you ought to avoid include, white bread, white rice, etc.

What human food can I feed my diabetic dog – Fiber

As of now, fiber has come to prove to be the best meal in a dog living with diabetes. The food helps a lot in digestion and also slows down the emptying of gastric and the digestion of carbs. This, in turn, minimizes the release of glucose and prevent the blood sugar levels from spiking.

Some of the best fiber human fiber foods that you can use to control diabetes in your dog include spinach, broccoli, and cauliflower. Also, fruits like blueberries, raspberries, and pears can be used but in small portions, since they contain high natural sugars.

What human food can I feed my diabetic dog – Fats

As I have suggested earlier, a dog with diabetes requires a low-fat diet to ensure optimal functioning of the insulin. Foods that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids can assist a lot in decreasing blood lipid levels and even regulation of the immune system. So far, fish and fish oils are the best in this role.

Can Dogs eat Smoked Salmon?

Can Dogs eat Smoked Salmon

Can Dogs eat Smoked Salmon? Well, as pet parents, we know that food which is good for us is not always good for our pets.

Salmon is an exceptionally nutritious food for humans as it is low in fat and high in protein. As well as containing essential vitamins and minerals that are vital for good health.

Obviously, we would love our dogs to benefit from this healthy and tasty fish as well!

But can dogs eat salmon?

The good news is, yes! You can feed salmon to dogs if it is properly cooked and prepared.

However, raw and uncooked salmon is extremely poisonous to dogs and can be deadly.

Can Dogs eat Smoked Salmon

Can dogs eat salmon?

Dogs can safely eat salmon so long as it is fresh, boneless, well-cooked and fed in small portions.

Salmon is often the main ingredient in many high quality dry and wet dog food products.

Like many human foods, you should limit giving salmon to your dog no more than once a week.

But, is salmon bad for dogs in any way?

Yes, it can be if not fed correctly.

You should never let dogs eat salmon if it is raw or under-cooked as it contains bacteria and parasites which are harmful to dogs, possibly leading to salmon poisoning disease (SPD) which can be fatal.

So, before you consider feeding salmon to your dog, there are some essential points you need to be aware of to keep your pet safe.

Can Dogs eat Smoked Salmon

Can dogs eat smoked salmon?

Can Dogs eat Smoked Salmon? – So, if cooked salmon is okay, can dogs eat salmon when it’s smoked? No!

You should never give smoked salmon to your dog.

The reason for this is that smoked salmon is cured so contains an excessive amount of salt that is dangerous for dogs.

There is also a small chance that smoked salmon contains parasites which can result in a fatal condition in canines.

Can Dogs eat Smoked Salmon

Is salmon good for dogs?

Salmon is an excellent source of Omega 3 fatty acids, which helps promote a healthy skin and coat for your dog.

As well as being useful for his heart and immune system.

Older dogs and those who have arthritis can benefit from salmon as it assists in the reduction of inflammation and stiffness in the joints.

Feeding salmon to young puppies helps develop their brains as well as assisting older dogs to concentrate better. Especially those that are a little senile.

Salmon is also high in amino acids, essential for keeping your dog healthy and active.

As well as being an excellent food for those dogs with skin irritations and allergies.

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Final Stages of Dog Diabetes

dog diabetes life expectancy

What human food can I feed my diabetic dog

Potential hazards in smoke-flavored fish

Salmon dog food

There are many commercial brands available producing salmon dog food.

Some products contain only salmon as a meat protein source whereas others have salmon as the primary protein but include additional meat.

So, why would you feed salmon dog food to your pet?

If your dog appears to be healthy and passes his annual vet checks with flying colors, then there is no need to change his feed.

However, if he has the occasional digestive upset, has itchy, flaky skin or his coat appears dull, then it may be an idea to change his diet onto salmon dog food.

It is also a good choice of food if your dog is a picky eater as many cannot resist the taste of salmon!

Can Dogs eat Smoked Salmon? – Your vet can always advise if you are unsure.

If your dog has allergy issues caused by traditional meats such as beef and chicken, then it is vital that you check the ingredients to ensure the food only contains salmon.

But dogs cannot live on salmon alone as it does not fulfill a dog’s essential carbohydrate and vitamin requirements.

Therefore, it is crucial when using a salmon dog food product that you check it is made with real salmon, high-quality ingredients and offers 100% balanced nutrition, consisting of all the necessary vitamins and minerals.

The label should reveal the food is “complete and balanced” and approved by the AAFCO (Association of American Feed Control Officials) or other.

Salmon poisoning in dogs

Salmon poisoning in dogs is potentially fatal if it is left untreated.

Can Dogs eat Smoked Salmon? – The problem is that it can take up to a week before a dog displays any clinical signs, so you and your vet may not even consider salmon poisoning.

As a result, this can make diagnosis and treatment difficult, which is not good news for your dog.

Also, it is possible for dogs with salmon poisoning to spread the infection to other dogs via their feces.

The most common dog salmon poisoning symptoms include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Lack of appetite
  • Rapid weight loss
  • Lethargy
  • Fever
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Dehydration

What do to if you think your dog has salmon poisoning

Take your dog immediately to your veterinarian if he displays any of these symptoms.

Inform your vet if you know, or suspect that your dog has eaten raw salmon.

A fecal sample, detecting the parasite’s eggs within the feces, or a needle sample from a swollen lymph node reveals the diagnosis for salmon poisoning.

Treatment for salmon poisoning is quite straightforward if detected in time.

Your veterinarian will most likely prescribe an antibiotic to kill the rickettsial organisms that caused the poisoning and a wormer to kill the parasite.

If your dog is dehydrated, then your veterinarian will give him intravenous fluid.

The good news is, that once treatment has started, dogs usually show rapid improvement within a couple of days.

Jewish population in NYC

Jewish population in NYC

What about the Jewish population in NYC you ask?

Jewish population in NYC

About 1 in 10 New Yorkers is Jewish

Jewish population in NYC – New York state has about 1.75 million Jews, comprising approximately 9 percent of its total population of 20 million. Nearly all the Jews live in or around New York City, with 1.1 million in the five boroughs — 561,000 in Brooklyn, 240,000 in Manhattan, 198,000 in Queens, 54,000 in the Bronx and 32,000 on Staten Island, according to a landmark 2011 population study by UJA-Federation of New York. That’s more Jewish population in NYC than in any other city in the world, including in Israel. Another 450,000 live in suburban Westchester and Long Island’s Nassau and Suffolk counties, according to the study, and at least 130,000 Jews live in nearby Rockland and Orange counties, according to locals’ estimates and census data. Approximately one of every three non-Hispanic whites living in New York City is Jewish.

Jewish population in NYC

Jewish population in NYC – The Orthodox are growing – fast

Of the New York metro area’s 1.55 million Jews, 493,000 identify as Orthodox (that’s 32 percent), 396,000 are denominationally or religious unaffiliated (26 percent), 303,000 are Reform (20 percent) and 280,000 are Conservative (19 percent), according to the 2011 study. While the proportion of Orthodox households among Jewish households in the New York area is surging, from 13 percent in 1991 to 20 percent in 2011, the shares of Conservative and Reform households are falling – for Conservative, from 34 percent in 1991 to 19 percent in 2011, and for Reform from 36 percent in 1991 to 23 percent in 2011. Astoundingly, 61 percent of all Jewish children in the New York metro area are being raised in Orthodox households. Reflecting the growth of the Orthodox, who have an average of 4.1 children, the New York metro area has about 500,000 Jews under age 25.

Jewish population in NYC

New York Jews are less Democratic than Jews nationally

In almost every presidential election for the past few cycles, about 70-80 percent of the nation’s Jewish vote has gone to the Democratic candidate, and 20-30 percent to the Republican. Barack Obama won in 2012 with 69 percent of the national Jewish vote after taking 78 percent in ’08. George W. Bush won 24 percent of the Jewish vote in ’04, a rise from his 19 percent four years earlier. Nationally, 70 percent of Jews identify as Democratic or Democratic-leaning, and 22 percent as Republican or Republican-leaning.

In metropolitan New York, however, only 55 percent of Jews say they lean Democratic and 31 percent lean Republican. That’s largely because of New York’s large Orthodox population, which is more Republican than the rest of the Jewish community. Nationally, about 58 percent of haredi Orthodox and 56 percent of modern Orthodox Jewish population in NYC identify as Republican, compared to 27 percent of Conservative Jewish population in NYC and 17 percent of Reform Jewish population in NYC, according to the Pew Research Center’s 2013 survey of U.S. Jews.

New York Jews tend to be registered Democrats, even those who favor Republicans

The vast majority of New York City’s Jews — like all New Yorkers — are registered Democrats. That’s because in this heavily Democratic city, which hasn’t seen a competitive presidential primary election since 1988, many local elections are competitive only in the Democratic primary. With the Democratic primary winner almost guaranteed victory in the general election, registering as a Republican doesn’t really give one a chance at a meaningful vote.

This is generally true for elections for City Council (of 51 members, only three are Republicans), State Assembly (of 65 New York City districts, only one is Republican) and State Senate (of 25 New York City districts, only two are represented by Republicans). Registered Democrats outnumber Republicans by about 9 to 1 in Brooklyn, 7 to 1 in Manhattan, 6 to 1 in Queens and 13 to 1 in the Bronx. Staten Island is the exception, with only about 30 percent more Democrats than Republicans. But with just 6 percent of city residents (3 percent of the city’s Jews), this oft-forgotten borough matters little.

So even though a Republican candidate in a general election might do better among New York Jews in November than among Jews nationally, because of the high number of Orthodox Jewish population in NYC here (who tend to vote Republican), during the primary many of those Orthodox votes will be cast for a Democrat. Even in the city’s second-most Republican congressional district, the 10th, which includes the Hasidic stronghold of Borough Park in Brooklyn, there are 5.5 registered Democrats for every registered Republican (227,505 active registered Democrats compared to 41,640 Republicans).

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Jewish population in NYC – Which Democrat will win among Jews?

A Wall Street Journal/NBC/Marist College poll of 2,679 New York adults April 10-13 found Hillary Clinton at 65 percent and Bernie Sanders at 32 percent among likely Jewish voters. Jewish population in NYC comprised about 16 percent of the Democrats in that poll, and about 16 percent of all New York Democrats are Jews.

Overall, Clinton leads Sanders by about 26 points in the city and 24 points in the suburbs; they’re running roughly even upstate. Clinton enjoys a large lead among Democrats over 45, while Sanders enjoys an advantage among those under 45, first-time voters and those who describe themselves as liberal, according to the Marist poll. Overall, Clinton is favored to win the state by about 15 points, recent polls suggest.

Rabbi Menachem Genack, the CEO of the Orthodox Union’s kosher division and a well-known Orthodox proponent of Clinton, predicts that much of the Hasidic community will vote for the former secretary of state. He noted that as New York’s U.S. senator for eight years, Clinton has relationships in the community and is familiar with communal concerns.

“She was helpful to us as senator. All 14 Jewish city councilmen endorsed her. She’ll get a real commanding win in those districts with Hasidic Jewish population in NYC,” Genack said. “It’s about ‘hakaras hatov’” – recognizing the good she’s done for the community.

Jewish population in NYC – Which Republican will win the Jewish vote?

Each of the Republican candidates has spent time in recent days courting the Orthodox Jewish vote, which could play an outsize role in districts with few Republicans. Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, baked matzah with Chabad, Ohio Gov. John Kasich visited a Jewish bookstore, school and matzah factory in Borough Park (and talked about matzah’s tie to Jesus’ blood) and synagogue and Donald Trump invited a group of Orthodox Jewish reporters to his office.
The politics blog FiveThirtyEight noted that an Optimus poll of New York Republican voters shows Trump’s lead in districts with large Orthodox populations as significantly smaller than his lead among Republicans in places like Staten Island, which are more reflective of the rest of the country. In JTA interviews with about a dozen or so Orthodox voters over the last couple of weeks, Cruz appeared to be Trump’s biggest competition.

Brooklyn native Frida Schapiro, holding a rock she says was thrown and narrowly missed her grandson’s head during the 1991 Crown Heights riots, supports Ted Cruz for president. (Uriel Heilman)
“I vote for my values, and Cruz is my guy – definitely,” Frida Schapiro, a 68-year-old mother of 10 in Crown Heights, told JTA. “He’s as close to Torah values as I can see.”

Though New York’s Hasidic communities often are thought of as a bloc vote, insiders say that’s a myth that may be true only in more tightly controlled communities outside the city, like the all-Skverer Hasidic shtetl of New Square, in Rockland County.

“It’s not like there’s a magic button and the rebbe nods his head and 100,000 votes fall into place. It’s more nuanced that that,” said Hasidic political consultant Ezra Friedlander, who took Kasich on his Jewish Brooklyn tour. “People do have their own opinions. But there’s a certain consensus when voters see a candidate engaged and their surrogates reach out to the community.”

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New York’s Jewish community is the most diverse in the world outside of Israel

While many politicians may think of Brooklyn Hasidim when they think New York Jews, the state’s Jewish population is incredibly diverse. Jewish population in NYC are Hasidic, secular, atheist, hipster, gay, straight, transgender, Syrian, Bukharan, Russian, Israeli, rich, homeless, middle-class, poor, urban, suburban, rural, doctors, lawyers, teachers, policemen, construction workers, yeshiva students, drug addicts, in-married, out-married, unmarried, Republican, Democrat, libertarian, socialist and a million other things. One thing is certain: They are not to be ignored.

The Jewish population in the New York area has grown by 9 percent in the past ten years, according to a new survey quoted by the ‘New York Times’. This reverses the previous trend of decline, a survey found. The New York community also remains highly concentrated, with four distinct areas that would each qualify as one of America’s 20 most-populous areas.Some of the city’s more affluent areas, like Brownstone Brooklyn and the Upper East Side, still saw a decline in their Jewish population, according to the Geographic Profile Report which is part of a study entitled ‘The Jewish Community Study of New York: 2011’ that was commissioned by the UJA-Federation of New York.

A total of 1,086,000 Jews live in the New York City area (which includes the Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan and Staten Island), up from 1,027,000 in 1991 and 972,000 in 2001. A further 452,000 Jews live in the counties Nassau, Suffolk and Westchester. “There is no typical Jewish community. We found significant differences from area to area,” Pearl Beck, lead author of the paper, told the ‘New York Times’.

Brownstone Brooklyn was the most secular of the region’s Jewish neighborhoods with 43 percent of Jewish respondents defining themselves as not religious or secular Jewish population in NYC. At 59 percent that area also had the highest rate of intermarriage between Jews and non-Jews in the entire NYC region, Long Island and Westchester, and it had the lowest percentage of children receiving any form of Jewish education. Only 15 percent of Jews surveyed there said they felt “a lot” connected to the Jewish community.

In the he observant enclaves of Borough Park and Williamsburg nearby, however, less than one percent of Jewish children receive no Jewish education, the study found. In those neighborhoods, where lifelong religious study by men is prized, many adult men reported no employment, and up to three quarter of all Jewish households earned less than $50,000 a year.

About three-quarters of the 1.8 million people who live in Jewish households in the New York area live in one of 30 distinct geographic areas, the study found. There are as many Jews on the Upper West Side (70,000) as there are in all of Cleveland, Ohio, the study found, and more Jews in central Brooklyn than in all of Baltimore, Maryland.

The area with the largest increase in Jews over the last decade was Washington Heights and Inwood in Upper Manhattan, with a 144 percent increase. But there were still fewer than 24,000 Jews there. On Long Island, the Huntington area had the largest Jewish population increase, 50 percent.

The study was based on nearly 6,000 telephone interviews with Jewish families across the region, followed a previous report, based on the same survey, that showed that the New York area has growing numbers of both Orthodox Jews and those considering themselves partially Jewish. However, New York still has strong enclaves of Conservative and Reform Jewry, according to the latest report.

Of the 30 areas studied, six had Jewish communities where at least 30 percent of families described themselves as Conservative, including Kew Gardens, Roslyn, Plainview and Great Neck, and in five areas, more than 40 percent of the Jewish population identified as Reform, including in north central and northwestern Westchester County, as well as on the Upper East Side of Manhattan.

Traditional Jewish values appeared to extend even to places where identification with the Jewish community had grown weak. Brownstone Brooklyn, for example, had the lowest level of philanthropic giving to Jewish causes: 29 percent, but about half of families did volunteer for charities, even if not always Jewish ones.

Is Xanthan Gum safe for dogs

Is Xanthan Gum safe for dogs

In this article we will answer the question: “Is Xanthan Gum safe for dogs?”

Is Xanthan Gum safe for dogs

Xanthan gum is something humans should try to avoid in their own food and their pet’s food as well.

Xanthan gum is a “Generally Recognized as Safe” (GRAS) food additive in the US, Canada, Europe, and many other countries.

Yet it is known to be potentially as irritating as gluten for some with Celiac disease, causing gas, bloat and diarrhea; and for causing flare-ups for those with Crohn’s disease or Ulcerative Colitis (inflammatory bowel disease).

Is Xanthan Gum safe for dogs

In fact, “the rapid increase in the incidence and prevalence of IBD in recent decades strongly suggests an environmental trigger for IBD, one of which may be dietary patterns. There are several pathways where diet may influence intestinal inflammation, such as direct dietary antigens, altering the gut microbiome, and affecting gastrointestinal permeability.

A review article, “Evidence-based dietary advice for patients with inflammatory bowel disease” indicates that emulsifiers in processed foods have been indicated in Crohn’s disease.

What is Xanthan Gum?

Xanthan gum is a polysaccharide (sugar like compound) produced by bacterial fermentation of a sugar-containing medium.  Nutritionally speaking, it is a carbohydrate with about seven grams of fiber per tablespoon.

Xanthan gum is a powdery, sugar like substance that is used as a thickening or stabilizing additive in foods, toothpastes and medicine. It can be used to treat lower blood sugar and cholesterol in people with diabetes. While it is FDA approved as a food additive, it is created in a laboratory and is a soluble fiber adding no nutritional value to any sort.

It helps ingredients blend together and to stay blended. Think of canned pet food with chunks of carrots throughout.

Xanthan gum is a laboratory creation. It is a product:

– fermented on potential allergens
– when fermented on corn or soy (as it often is), GMO concerns exist
– cannot be manufactured without the use of toxic carcinogens

Is Xanthan Gum safe for dogs – Why it is in pet food?

Xanthan gum is gaining in popularity with pet food manufacturers because it has a low glycemic index and food containing it can be marketed as ‘gluten free’ which is certainly a buzz word in the nutrition business these days. It is used almost exclusively in wet food.

Xanthan gum is used as a thickening and suspending agent in wet or canned dog foods. It has little nutritional value.

What is Xanthan Gum substitute

Final Stages of Dog Diabetes

Are there any risks to feeding your pet xanthan gum?

Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) is the voluntary association of local, state, and federal agencies that oversees pet food and they have issued preliminary approvals for the use of xanthan gum in canned cat and dog food. That being said, it is not a natural substance and how your pet reacts should always be monitored.

Is Xanthan Gum safe for dogs – Benefits or risks

Several studies have shown that xanthan gum is  ‘safe’ in normal doses, for humans and pets.  That said, xanthan gum requires a ‘medium’ to grow and often the medium of choice is a carbohydrate like corn, soy, dairy, or wheat, all of which are potentially allergenic substances, especially if fed over long periods of time.

Xanthan gum: Safety evaluation by two-year feeding studies in rats and dogs and a three-generation reproduction study in rats

Miscellaneous facts about Xanthan Gum

Xanthan gum is used to stabilize and bind cosmetic products.

In human foods, xanthan gum is most often found in salad dressings and sauces because it helps to prevent oil separation.

Xanthan Gum was “discovered” by a team of USDA researchers in the 1960’s. In 1968 it was approved for use as a food additive in the US and Europe.

Some common foods that contain xanthan gum are salad dressings, sauces, beverages, syrups, baked goods, cookies, candy and low fat spreads.

Xanthan gum can also be found in lipsticks, lotions, toothpaste and some medicines.

Is Xanthan Gum safe for dogs – Common names

The most commonly used name is xanthan.  Other names include xantham gum, corn sugar gum and bacterial polysaccharide.

What is Xanthan Gum substitute

What is Xanthan Gum substitute?

Find out all about what is Xanthan Gum substitute/s in this article.

What is Xanthan Gum substitute?

To replace xanthan gum in recipes, first you have to understand its purpose. This powder is a natural, gluten-free compound that adds viscosity to recipes that eliminate gluten. When mixed with water, it forms a gel that binds ingredients together and provides a decent elastic texture for breads and cakes. It also forms air pockets that give bread and cakes their characteristic crumb texture.

What is Xanthan Gum substitute?

When used in liquid recipes, such as salad dressings, it helps keep the mixture blended and emulsified. While you can find a number of good substitutes, it will take practice to determine the right proportions so that your baked goods turn out the way you want them.

Is Xanthan Gum safe for dogs

Arrowroot

Arrowroot has a similar appearance and consistency to cornstarch. The arrowroot plant is native to South America where historically it served many purposes. When used as a thickening agent, it coagulates at a lower temperature than cornstarch. However, more arrowroot powder is needed to produce the same effect as xanthan gum.

Arrowroot Powder

What is Xanthan Gum substitute – Agar Agar

Agar agar is a vegan alternative to gelatin (and less expensive!). It is derived from seaweed and is a common food additive in food processing plants. Much like gelatin, agar agar can be found in a flavorless variety and it acts as a thickener, stabilizer, texturizer, forming a gel-like substance when mixed with water.

What is Xanthan Gum substitute - Agar Agar

Guar Gum

Guar gum is another natural gluten-free alternative to xanthan gum. It is a white powdery substance similar in consistency to cornstarch. It is derived from a legume plant found in East India. Guar gum functions as a binder that works well in creamy dishes and sauces. However, it can have laxative properties in some people. Use 1 1/2 times the amount of guar gum in a recipe that calls for xanthan gum.

Guar Gum

What is Xanthan Gum substitute – Gelatin

Gelatin is made from boiled animal bones and other tissues (kosher gelatin can be produced from fish bones). This product is most often associated with colorful desserts and store-bought pastry fillings. While gelatin is a viable substitute for xanthan gum, vegetarians and vegans tend to avoid it because it’s an animal product.

What is Xanthan Gum substitute - Gelatin

 

Psyllium Fiber (Psyllium Husk Powder)

Psyllium fiber is found in most health stores as a dietary fiber supplement. It’s popular among bodybuilders and athletes as it helps maintain their digestive health while actively helping to reduce cholesterol. So that’s why it may come as a bit of a surprise that psyllium husk powder has been shown to be a great binding agent which improves the baking quality of bread.

Psyllium Fiber (Psyllium Husk Powder)

What is Xanthan Gum substitute – Chia Seeds

Chia seeds are used for everything from sprinkling into flour mixes to add a nutritional boost to substituting for an egg. From a nutritional perspective, chia seeds are as close to a ‘super food’ as you can get. They are rich in Omega 3 fatty acids (more than 2.5 times that of flax seed), protein and fiber, just to mention a few. On top of all that, they can be used as a binding agent too.

What is Xanthan Gum substitute - Chia Seeds

Besides being very high in soluble fiber, they are also hydrophilic (water absorbing). Chia seeds can absorb up to 12 times their own weight in water, forming a gel like substance which locks in moisture.

Egg Whites

Egg whites are both a binder and a leavening agent, which means that not only can they be used to help bind foods together, they can also help them rise. Egg whites make an excellent substitution for xanthan gum in cakes and quick and batter breads. They do not work as well in kneaded breads. Use one egg white for every tablespoon of xanthan gum in a recipe. Keep in mind that your finished product will be very light and airy and may need a larger pan.

Egg Whites

What is Xanthan Gum substitute – Ground Flax Seeds

Flax seeds are far more common than their chia counterparts. While we tend to associate them with baking, flax seeds are healthy too.

In gluten-free baking, ground flax seeds do a great job of binding ingredients together and mimicking that desirable ‘gluten effect’ by adding moisture and softness to your baking.

What is Xanthan Gum substitute - Ground Flax Seeds

Cornstarch

With a similar consistency to xanthan gum, cornstarch is a great filler for your recipes if you need more volume.

Cornstarch

Carrageenan

Obtained from the red algae, Irish moss, carrageenan is a plant-based product that can be used in place of gelatin or xanthan gum in cakes, pastries, dairy products, and more.

Carrageenan

read more about Xanthan Gum on Google Scholar

How to calculate leap year

How to calculate leap year

This article will explain how to calculate leap year as well as some other interesting facts about leap years.

How to calculate leap year

Very simple to see if a specific year is a leap year or not. To calculate if a specific year is a leap year:

Take the year and divide it by 4.

If the answer of division is equal to a whole number, the year is a leap year.

If the answer to the division is not equal to a whole number, the year is not a leap year.

Example One:

Year : 1983 :

1983/4 = 495.75

495.75 is not a whole numbers as .75 is a fraction.

Thus 1983 is not a leap year.

How to calculate leap year - Example One

Example Two:

Year : 2004 :

2004/4 = 501

501 is a whole number

Thus 2004 is a leap year.

How to calculate leap year - Example Two

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New Year’s Day and Leap Year in English History in Google Scholar

How to calculate leap year Formula:

How to calculate leap year Formula

What Is a Leap Year?

Leap years are years where an extra, or intercalary, day is added to the end of the shortest month, February. The intercalary day, February 29, is commonly referred to as leap day.

Leap years have 366 days instead of the usual 365 days and occur almost every four years.

Why do we need leap years?

The Gregorian calendar, which now serves as the standard calendar for civil use throughout the world, has both common years and leap years. A common year has 365 days and a leap year 366 days, with the extra–or intercalary–day designated as February 29. A leap year occurs every four years to help synchronize the calendar year with the solar year, or the length of time it takes the earth to complete its orbit around the sun, which is about 365¼ days.

The length of the solar year, however, is slightly less than 365¼ days-by about 11 minutes. To compensate for this discrepancy, the leap year is omitted three times every four hundred years.

In other words, a century year cannot be a leap year unless it is divisible by 400. Thus 1700, 1800, and 1900 were not leap years, but 1600, 2000, and 2400 are leap years.

How to calculate leap year: Divide by 4: Whole number is leap years: Fractions is not leap years

What are your chances of being born on leap day?

About 1 in 1,500.

How to calculate leap year – When is the birthday party?

If you are born on a Leap Year, can you get your driver’s license as early as February 28th? Well, each state decides whether or not February 28 or March 1 will be the day you are eligible to get your license. Most states, however, consider March 1st the official day. For instance, the Michigan Vehicle Code states that people born on February 29th “are deemed to have been born on March 1st.” Another fun fact: Leap year babies yet their driver’s licenses when they are officially four years old (16)! There are no rules on when you have a party, however, so really in day in February or March is fair game to celebrate a leap year birthday.

How many people were born on leap day?

There are about 187,000 people in the US and 4 million people in the world who were born on Leap Day.

The rules for determining a leap year

Most years that can be divided evenly by 4 are leap years.

Exception: Century years are NOT leap years UNLESS they can be evenly divided by 400.

How to calculate leap year – When did leap year originate?

The Gregorian calendar is closely based on the Julian calendar, which was introduced by Julius Caesar in 45 BC. The Julian calendar featured a 12-month, 365-day year, with an intercalary day inserted every fourth year at the end of February to make an average year of 365.25 days. But because the length of the solar year is actually 365.242216 days, the Julian year was too long by .0078 days (11 minutes 14 seconds).

This may not seem like a lot, but over the course of centuries it added up. Until in the 16th century, the vernal equinox was falling around March 11 instead of March 21. In 1582, Pope Gregory XIII adjusted the calendar by moving the date ahead by 11 days and by instituting the exception to the rule for leap years. This new rule, whereby a century year is a leap year only if divisible by 400, is the sole feature that distinguishes the Gregorian calendar from the Julian calendar.

Following the Gregorian reform, the average length of the year was 365.2425 days, an even closer approximation to the solar year. At this rate, it will take more than 3,000 years for the Gregorian calendar to gain one extra day in error.

How to calculate leap year: Divide by 4: Whole number is leap years: Fractions is not leap years

How to calculate leap year – A Quick History Lesson

The Egyptians were the first to come up with the idea of adding a leap day once every four years to keep the calendar in sync with the solar year. Later, the Romans adopted this solution for their calendar, and they became the first to designate February 29 as the leap day.

But Wait! It’s Not Quite that Simple!

The math seems to work out beautifully when you add an extra day to the calendar every four years to compensate for the extra quarter of a day in the solar year. As we said earlier, however, the solar year is just about 365 ¼ days long, but not exactly! The exact length of a solar year is actually 11 minutes and 14 seconds less than 365 ¼ days. That means that even if you add a leap day every four years, the calendar would still overshoot the solar year by a little bit—11 minutes and 14 seconds per year. These minutes and seconds really start to add up: after 128 years, the calendar would gain an entire extra day. So, the leap year rule, “add a leap year every four years” was a good rule, but not good enough!

Calendar Correction, Part II

To rectify the situation, the creators of our calendar (the Gregorian calendar, introduced in 1582) decided to omit leap years three times every four hundred years. This would shorten the calendar every so often and rid it of the annual excess of 11 minutes and 14 seconds. So in addition to the rule that a leap year occurs every four years, a new rule was added: a century year is not a leap year unless it is evenly divisible by 400. This rule manages to eliminate three leap years every few hundred years.

It’s Smooth Sailing for the Next 3,300 Years

This ingenious correction worked beautifully in bringing the calendar and the solar year in harmony, pretty much eliminating those pesky extra 11 minutes and 14 seconds. Now the calendar year and the solar year are just about a half a minute off. At that rate, it takes 3,300 years for the calendar year and solar year to diverge by a day.

Shopping Centre in Cape Town

Shopping Centre in Cape Town

Find every Shopping Centre in Cape Town with the help of Strydom Web Directory.

This is THE page for Cape Town Shopaholics.

Shopping Centre in Cape Town – Cape Quarter Lifestyle Village

The Cape Quarter is the most unique retail experience in Cape Town.
Come over and wonder between our rare delights as you fall in love with the boutique shopping experience in the historic De Waterkant district. You’ll leave knowing why we are the home of rare delights.
Our carefully curated tenant list includes over 100 unique stores and restaurants.

Shopping Centre in Cape Town - Cape Quarter Lifestyle Village

But even better news is that we are open 7 days a week (Monday – Friday 9 am – 6 pm, Saturday 9 am – 4 pm, Sunday 10 am – 2 pm) with 900 parking bays.

TRADING HOURS: Monday – Friday 9 am – 6 pm | Saturday 9 am – 4 pm | Sunday & Public Holidays 10 am – 2 pm

ADDRESS: 27 Somerset Road, Green Point, Cape Town | EMAIL: info@capequarter.co.za | TEL: 021 421 1111

Phone: 021 421 1111

Spar trading hours are Mon – Fri: 10am – 6pm, Sat & Public Holidays: 10am – 3pm, Sun: Closed

Lou Lou’s trading hours are Monday – Saturday 11am – 2am

Website http://www.capequarter.co.za/

Victoria and Alfred Waterfront

The Victoria and Alfred Waterfront is one of Africa’s most visited destinations and attracts 24 million people every year. Its setting, in the oldest working harbour in the southern hemisphere, is simply spectacular: it has Table Mountain as a dramatic backdrop as well as extensive views of the ocean, city bowl and the mountain peaks of the Hottentots-Holland Mountains.

Victoria and Alfred Waterfront

This 123-hectare mixed-use development, which caters to both local and international visitors, has everything on offer from residential to commercial property, which includes hotels, retail districts, and extensive dining, leisure and entertainment facilities. Its many heritage sites and tourism landmarks make it both exceptional and unique, as does the recently opened Zeitz Museum of Contemporary Art Africa (MOCAA), which hosts the world’s largest collection of contemporary art from Africa.

Victoria Wharf Parking Garage

The V&A Waterfront has more than 7500 open-air and underground parking bays situated around the property. Each parking garage is patrolled and monitored around the clock, giving visitors peace of mind while they visit.

Click on the relevant parking garage tab below for parking rates. For any parking queries, please call our Info Desk at +27 21 408 7600 between 09:00 and 21:00.

0 – 1 HR R10
1 – 1.5 HRS R15
1.5 – 3 HRS R20
3 – 4 HRS R30
4 – 5 HRS R40
5 – 6 HRS R50
6 – 8 HRS R60
8 – 10 HRS R70
10 – 12 HRS R90
12 – 24 HRS R100
* LOST TICKET R110<

Contact Us

tel: +27 21 408 7600

emailt: enquiries@waterfront.co.za

Operating Hours
9AM – 9PM
The Watershed 10AM – 7PM (Oct-Apr)>
10AM – 6PM (May-Sep)

V&A Waterfront Head Office

19 Dock Road, V&A Waterfront Cape Town

Website : https://www.waterfront.co.za/

Shopping Centre in Cape Town – Gardens Shopping Centre

Gardens Shopping Centre is the City Bowl’s most popular shopping oasis. Quite fittingly, this one-stop source of life’s little luxuries and daily necessities, is just a stone’s throw from Cape Town’s original 17th Century provisioning hub, the Company Gardens.

Shopping Centre in Cape Town - Gardens Shopping Centre

It is also one of the city’s most established shopping centres and as quintessentially Cape Town as Table Mountain. It’s the rendezvous of a cosmopolitan café society and a quiet, personable shopping alternative to those sprawling malls elsewhere in Cape Town.

Park. Meet. Shop. Eat. Get things done. This is the life

Regular customers visit the centre for its unique high-street, boutique-style offerings – such as food outlets, arts and crafts supplies, and health and beauty stores. There are some 85 specialist shops – from a tobacconist, fashion, homeware décor and gift stores whose goods often grace the pages of fashion and lifestyle magazines.

Physical Address Cnr. Mill and Buitenkant Streets, Gardens, Cape Town

Postal Address P.O. Box 12007, Mill Street, 8010

Telephone Number (021) 465 1842

Fax Number (021) 465 2097

TRADING HOURS

Weekdays:
09h00 – 19h00
Saturdays:
09h00 – 17h00
Sundays and public holidays:
09h00 – 14h00

Tyger Valley Shopping Centre

WHERE LIFESTYLE, LEISURE AND THE LATEST FASHION MEET

Whether you’re looking for fashion, a fun night out or simply want to relax, browse or shop – Tyger Valley Centre is your perfect destination. Discover a unique shopping experience – offering the greatest variety in fashion, health & beauty, the latest in Athleisure & Sporting, or spoil yourself with the latest Homeware trends & comforts.

Tyger Valley is the leading regional shopping destination in the Northern Suburbs – just a 15-minute drive from Cape Town CBD and moments from the beautiful winelands. Tyger Valley is conveniently located just off from the N1, with easy access from Willie Van Schoor off ramp.

Tyger Valley Shopping Centre

Shop at over 250 stores with everything from flagship retailers, trendy eateries and decor to furniture, toys, medical care and much more.

Experience modern, stylish shopping centred around YOU! You’re perfect choice and family shopping destination.

Food, Sport & Fun Court

Tyger Valley offers a vibrant Food & Entertainment Court which is a great place to have fun or relax with your perfect treat. Discover the delicious fast food choices and experience a selection of mouth-watering moments.

Funky Frogs located next to Dion Wired is the perfect place to keep our young shoppers entertained.

Big Screen Sport: The big screen will keep you updated with the latest in sport so that you don’t miss a single score.

The food court is the ideal place for family fun and entertainment.

Tyger Valley prides itself on providing our valued shoppers with the best shopping experience. To add to your wishes we have provided the following services:

Information Desks

Our team of well-trained customer care representatives are available to handle any queries you may have. Information desks are located in the Game and House and Home Courts.

Wheelchairs

Tyger Valley has several wheelchairs available for your convenience. These can be booked at the information kiosks.

TRADING HOURS

Monday – Saturday
09:00 – 19:00
Sunday
09:00 – 17:00
Public Holidays
09:00 – 19:00

INFO@TYGERVALLEY.CO.ZA
Tel: (021) 914 1822 | Fax: (012) 914 1318
Security direct line: (012) 918 6802

Website : https://www.tygervalley.co.za/

Shopping Centre in Cape Town – Golden Acre Shopping Centre

SHOP YOUR WAY, CAPE TOWN STYLEGolden Acre Shopping Centre is the bustling hub where the people of the Mother City connect.

Catching a train, taxi or bus? Or some quality time with friends? This is the perfect place for shopping on the move.

Choose from over 100 shops – including food, fashion, groceries, furniture, services and essentials like cell phones and airtime.

Quick. Easy. And on your way.

Quality shopping meets convenience in the heart of Cape Town.

Shopping Centre in Cape Town - Golden Acre Shopping Centre

ADDRESS

9 Adderley St, Foreshore, Cape Town, 8001

TRADING HOURS

Mon – Fri: 09:00 – 17:30
Sat: 09:00 – 14:00
Sun: 09:00 – 13:00 ( Optional Trade )
Public Holidays: 09:00 – 13:00 ( Optional Trade )

Willowbridge Shopping Centre

Nestled on the edge of picturesque river parkland in the heart of Cape Town’s Northern Suburbs is Willowbridge Shopping Centre, an elegant piazza which caters to the most discerning shopper.

Willowbridge has all the anchor stores you can expect i.e. Pick ‘n Pay,  Woolworths, Dis-Chem and @Home, but offers the ultimate lifestyle centre experience with its open air and modern design. In addition to its incomparable setting, Willowbridge Shopping Centre offers free play areas for children, a green belt for the active as well as a Slowmarket every Saturday and Sunday.

Willowbridge Shopping Centre

The 90 stores in the unique retail mix include Harley-Davidson and the first Yuppiechef physical store. Choose from 13 top quality restaurants, overlooking safe play areas or perfect for a romantic date.

Shopping at its best – The Willowbridge Way!

CENTRE MANAGEMENT

General Manager
Salome Thonnard
Leasing
Salome Thonnard
Financial Manager
Francois Du Plessis
Marketing Manager
Lizelle Louw
Office Administrator
Theresa Boks

BABY CHANGING FACILITIES

Willowbridge Shopping Centre offers baby changing facilities in the P1 foyer below Woolworths and on the first level above Dischem.

DISABLED FACILITIES

Wheelchair

Willowbridge Shopping Centre has wheel chairs available to shoppers. Shoppers can contact Centre Management offices at 021 914 7218 or ask Security for assistance and a wheel chair will be delivered to the closest entrance.

Disabled Parking

Willowbridge Shopping Centre has parking facilities for the disabled at all of our entrances for your convenience. These allocated bays are marked with the disabled icon, which is easily recognised by shoppers.
Please ensure that your disabled disk is visible at all times.

Please note that illegally parked vehicles will be clamped and a Clamping Fee of R250 is payable at the Parking Office on P2.

Toilets for the Disabled

Willowbridge Shopping Centre offers toilets for our disabled customers. The toilets are unisex and are positioned in the P1 foyer below Woolworths, on the first level above Dischem and at the common toilets at Willowbridge North.

PARKING

Parking Office                +27 21 914 7219               info@willowbridgecentre.co.za

Willowbridge Centre has 903 under cover parking bays on P1 and P2 and 472 open bays located at the front of the Centre. Card payments are accepted at all paystations.

RATE HOURS
AMOUNT
0 – 30 min

FREE

30min – 1 hour

R7.00

1 – 3 hours

R8.00

3 – 4 hours

R12.00

4 – 5 hours

R15.00

+ 5 hours

R40.00

Lost Ticket

R50.00

SECURITY

Control Room                +27 21 914 7219               info@willowbridgecentre.co.za

Willowbridge Shopping Centre is committed to making your visit to the Centre a safe and secure one. Security coverage for the Shopping Centre is scheduled on a 24 hour-a-day basis, 7days a week, 365 days a year using surveillance cameras. This is to ensure that our customers are constantly provided with assistance by Willowbridge Shopping Centre friendly and helpful security officers who are constantly patrolling the entire shopping facility.

Website : https://www.willowbridge.co.za/

Shopping Centre in Cape Town – Bayside Mall

Bayside Mall is conveniently situated in the heart of the Blaauwberg area, a mere five minute walk from the Bayside BRT Station with a friendly offering of variety, expertise and convenience all on one level with fashion, entertainment and quality services.

Bayside Mall’s fashion offering includes most of South Africa’s major retailers, as well as a number of quality specialty stores. Bayside Mall offers a large variety of eateries, including loads of coffee shops and restaurants. Ster Kinekor, situated at the heart of the food court offers 8 spacious cinemas and the latest sound technology.

Bayside Mall

Whilst enjoying the casual atmosphere of the mall, stock up on your health and beauty requirements, or spoil yourself with a gift from one of our specialised jewellery stores. Be sure to visit Bayside Mall for convenience and pleasure.

SHOPPING TIMES
Monday – Friday: 09h00 – 19h00 | Saturday: 09h00 – 19h00 | Sunday: 09h00 – 17h00 | Public Holidays: 09h00 – 17h00

TRADING HOURS EXCEPTIONS
Cinemas and some of the restaurants are open until later | Optional trading days: New Year’s Day, Good Friday, Christmas Day

CONTACT US

Physical Address:
Bayside Mall
Corner of West Coast Road
and Blaauwberg Road
Tableview
Postal Address:
PO Box 1
Bloubergrandt
7443
Tel:
021 557 4350
Fax:
021 557 4521
Email:
GPS Co-Ordinates:
33° 49′ 25. 09″ S
18° 29′ 22. 83″ E

Website : https://www.baysidecentre.com/

Eden on the Bay Mall

Surfing

Big Bay is a hotspot for surfing and kite boarding. Known as the home of the Red Bull King of the Air kite boarding competition, the top kite boarders visit Big Bay once a year to compete for the coveted title.

Shopping

Need to pick up a few last minute items for tonight’s supper? Pick n Pay Big Bay stocks the freshest food available and other items for the office and home.

Eden on the Bay Mall

Restaurants

With so many fabulous eateries, it’s almost impossible to choose your favourite. For the best burgers, pizzas, seafood, Indian, Cuban and African cuisine, make Eden your local food destination.
Icon Text Image

Picnic

Looking for a fabulous picnic spot in Cape Town? Locals love bringing their families and fur babies to the Eden lawns for a relaxing day in the sun. Enjoy breathtaking views of the bay and Table Mountain.

Pet Friendly

Did you know that Eden on the bay is a pet-friendly mall? Bring your fur babies along when you shop or enjoy a bite at one of our fabulous restaurants.

Coffee Shops

Enjoy the best coffee in town when you visit one of our stunning cafe’s at Eden on the Bay. These local gems offer you the best selection of coffees, teas, cakes, pastries, light meals and more.

Sundowners

At Eden you are spoiled for choice when you visit our restaurant strip. With stunning views of Table Mountain, Robben Island and the ocean, why would you want to go anywhere else?

Fashion

Eden on the Bay offers you a range of fabulous boutique stores you won’t find anywhere else. From boutique clothing to gorgeous vintage jewellery, you’re bound to find something seriously special.

A Mall for the Whole Family

This pet-friendly family shopping centre is predominantly open-air and perfectly matches your lifestyle.

The mall is a firm favourite for holiday-goers and locals alike and it’s easy to see why!

With the widest range of restaurants to choose from, right on the beachfront, plus our retail stores, this mall also offers great outdoor and family fun.

You can even bring the family pet!

Cnr Otto du Plessis & Sir David Baird Drive, Bloubergstrand, Cape Town

Body Corporate Matters: management@edenbc.co.za

Retail & Leasing: Yolande Karsten: yolande@edenonthebaymall.co.za

Marketing & Events: marketing@edenonthebaymall.co.za

Website : http://www.edenonthebaymall.co.za/

Shopping Centre in Cape Town – Cavendish Square

The Perfect Excuse to go Shopping… Cavendish Square, an award-winning regional shopping centre nestled in the Southern Suburbs is a premier fashion destination, comprising of 180 stores. The centre boasts select international and exclusive local brands, alongside some of South Africa’s most desired anchor tenants. Offering a wide selection of restaurants, 8 cinemas and 5 forex banks, all conveniently situated in a safe and secure shopping environment. Cavendish Square enjoys an average of 1.2 million shoppers per month, shopping their perfect excuse across fashion, leisure and for select services tailored to your every need.

Shopping Centre in Cape Town - Cavendish Square

Excellerate Real Estate Services: Over the past 100 years, we have built a reputation of excellence, refining property management with our innovation and vision.

Center Trading Hours
Monday – Saturday
09H00 – 19H00
Sunday
10H00 – 17H00
Public Holidays
09H00 – 19H00
Ackermans
Monday – Friday
09H00 – 18H00
Saturday
09H00 – 17H00
Sunday
09H00 – 14H00

Parking

Cavendish Square’s parking is managed by Interpark, for any parking queries please contact the parking office on 021 671 3383.

Top-up parking cards: Visit our Parking Office or Concierge desk on P1 to purchase your top-up card at R10 per card. Loading credit on these cards, will save you time by skipping the queues – giving you more time to shop your perfect excuse!

Moms and tots bays: For easy accessibility, we have 30 designated moms and tots bays located close to all parking entrances.

Security

Cavendish Square’s security is managed by CW Excellerate, for any queries or incidents please call our Security Control Room on 021 657 5613.

Wheelchair Access

Visit our concierge desk on P1 (Telkom Mobile entrance), our friendly Interpark consultant will be happy to assist with the handover of a wheelchair for ease of access throughout the shopping centre.

Baby Changing Rooms

Every moment with your little one is precious! For new moms with young babies, Cavendish Square provides you with the privacy and comfort to savour those moments. Our baby changing room facilities are located throughout the centre, see locations below:

Locations

Lower Ground Floor, next to Toy Kingdom
First Floor, Food Court, next to Milky Lane
First Floor, Connect toilets, next to the lifts

Office Details

Tel: 021 657 5600
Email: info[at]cavendish.co.za
Address: 1 Dreyer St, Claremont, Cape Town

Map and Directions

GPS Coordinates: -33.979666 S, -18.463039 E

Website: https://cavendish.co.za/

Constantia Village

Nestled in the heart of the leafy suburb of Cape Town, The Constantia Village in Constantia offers the convenience of a shopping mall, the quality and desirability of a boutique and the ambience of a village square. The beautiful surroundings match the centre’s product offering. Here you’ll find popular restaurants, quaint coffee shops and big-name brands trading comfortably alongside exclusive boutiques.

Constantia Village

An extensive choice of speciality stores, fashion outlets, restaurants, coffee shops and anchor stores are all conveniently situated on one level – making shopping at The Constantia Village a breeze. In the bustling Main Village, you’ll find Pick n Pay, a large Woolworths Food store, @home, Exclusive Books, chic fashion boutiques for men and women, a wealth of gold and glittering gems and other luxury goods, such as leather products.

Centre Trading Hours

Monday – Friday:
09h00 – 18h00
Saturday:
09h00 – 17h00
Sunday / Public Holidays:
09h00 – 14h00

Physical Address: Cnr Constantia Main and Spaanschemat River Roads, Constantia, Cape Town, 7800

GPS: 34°1’18”S 18°26’39”E

Centre Management:
Telephone: 021 794 5065
Fax: 021 794 1712
Email: info@constantiavillage.co.za

Security: 021 794 5065

Exhibitions:
Tara Engelbrecht
Telephone: 021 794 5065
Email: constantiamarketing@mseed.co.za

Leasing:
Deidre Paul-Diemont
Telephone: 021 794 5065
Email: dpaul-diemont@growthpoint.co.za

Website: https://constantiavillage.co.za/

Shopping Centre in Cape Town – The Point

Welcome to The Point, a wellness and lifestyle destination that redefines what you expect from shopping malls in Sea Point, Cape Town. Imagine a single point where you can meet up with friends for coffee, enjoy an invigorating workout at one of South Africa’s premier gyms, and grab your groceries on the way out. What if you could do all this within an airy, naturally lit building that has set new architectural standards in the area? The Point experience encompasses this and so much more.

Shopping Centre in Cape Town - The Point

THE POINT- VISITORS INFORMATION

At the Point you can be sure to find ample parking, in a secure and easily accessible underground parking area. The parking can be accessed off Cassel Road or Saint Andrews Road (Both off Regent Street).

TRADING HOURS

The Point trading hours are from 8am to 6pm. See individual retailers for their specific hours.

CENTRE MANAGER

Our centre manager, Juan Dorfling, is accessible, friendly and available if needed on: 060 817 5424

Or e-mail: juan@bermanbros.co.za

Centre Security: 073 921 8665 available 24 hours a day

LEASING OPPORTUNITIES AT THE POINT

For leasing opportunities at The Point, click here to contact us for details.

Opening Hours
Monday 8:00AM – 6:00PM
Tuesday 8:00AM – 6:00PM
Wednesday 8:00AM – 6:00PM
Thursday 8:00AM – 6:00PM
Friday 8:00AM – 6:00PM
Saturday 8:00AM – 6:00PM
Sunday 8:00AM – 6:00PM

Find Us

76 Regent Road, Sea Point 8005, Cape Town, Western Cape

Contact Centre

+27 21 439 9030
info@thepointmall.co.za

The Point Website: https://thepointmall.co.za/

Medicross Springs

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours: Monday to Sunday

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

Website : https://www.mediclinic.co.za/



Medi Clinic Visiting Hours

MEDICLINIC BLOEMFONTEIN

Mediclinic Bloemfontein, the biggest hospital in the Mediclinic private hospital group opened its doors in July 1990. Since its inception the hospital has been a huge success due to its carefully planned design, sophisticated equipment and facilities, its professional and dedicated staff and management and leading medical professionals.

Physical Address:
Cnr Kellner & Parfitt Street, Westdene, Bloemfontein, 9301Postal Address:
P O Box 12651, Brandhof, 9324

T +27 51 404 6666
F +27 51 444 1509

MEDICLINIC BLOEMFONTEIN

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Bloemfontein

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC BRITS

Mediclinic Brits is situated in the beautiful mining town of Brits in the North West Province, and services the Brits, Hartbeespoort, and Rustenburg areas. Mediclinic Brits is committed to empowering the community with increasing access to health, education and sport with suitable organisations by providing first-aid assistance or emergency services.

Physical Address:
8 Church Street, Brits, 0250

Postal Address:
P O Box 2379, Brits, 0250
T +27 12 252 8000
F +27 12 252 5281

MEDICLINIC BRITS

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Brits

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC CAPE TOWN

This multidisciplinary hospital offers local and international patients a broad spectrum of specialist medical services, modern facilities, high-tech equipment and outstanding nursing care. The elegant and historic building in quiet Oranjezicht is a five-minute drive (or a fifteen minute stroll through the Company Gardens) from Cape Town’s central business district, with easy access to Cape Town International Airport. Many of the elegantly appointed rooms have panoramic views of Table Bay, the City Bowl or Table Mountain. In April 2017 Mediclinic Cape Town were awarded the Kartin Kleijnhans Quality Trophy from COHSASA.

Physical Address:
21 Hof Street, Oranjezicht,
Cape Town, 8001

Postal Address:
P O Box 12199, Mill Street,
Cape Town, 8010
T +27 21 464 5500
F +27 21 464 5501

MEDICLINIC CAPE TOWN

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Cape Town

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC CAPE GATE

One of Mediclinic Southern Africa’s newest private hospital, the ultramodern Mediclinic Cape Gate, is situated in Brackenfell in Cape Town’s Northern Suburbs. This “green” hospital offers comprehensive diagnostic and specialised treatment facilities, supported by excellent nursing care. In May 2017 Mediclinic Cape Gate received the Katrin Kleijnhans Quality Trophy from COHSASA.

Physical Address:
Cnr Okavango and Tanner Roads,
Brackenfell, Cape Town, 7560

Postal Address:
PO Box 117, Cape Gate,
Cape Town, 7562
T +27 21 983 5600
F +27 21 983 5917

MEDICLINIC CAPE GATE

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Cape Gate

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC CONSTANTIABERG

Mediclinic Constantiaberg is situated in the lovely Southern Suburbs of Cape Town. Our hospital offers 24/7 medical treatment to both local and international patients. The hospital is supported by experienced Healthcare Practitioners (onsite doctors and allied healthcare professionals), dedicated nursing staff and a dynamic management team. Our Hospital covers the Southern Suburbs of Cape Town, Constantia, Plumstead, Grassy Park, Kenilworth, Tokai, Claremont, Wynberg, Rondebosch, Ottery, Muizenberg, Noordhoek, Houtbay, Simonstown etc.

Physical Address:
Burnham Road, Plumstead,
Cape Town, 7800

Postal Address:
PO Box 179, Plumstead,
Cape Town, 7800
T +27 21 799 2911
F +27 21 797 1107

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours - Constantiaberg

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Constantiaberg

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

MEDICLINIC DURBANVILLE

Mediclinic Durbanville, situated in the Northern Suburbs of Cape Town, offers local, national and international patients a broad spectrum of professional medical services. In February 2017 Mediclinic Durbanville became the first hospital in the Mediclinic Group to receive the Kartin Kleijnhans Quality Trophy from COHSASA.

Physical Address:
45 Wellington Road,
Durbanville, Cape Town, 7550

Postal Address:
Private Bag X15, Durbanville,
Cape Town, 7551
T +27 21 980 2100
F +27 21 975 4096

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours - Durbanville

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Durbanville

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC DURBANVILLE DAY CLINIC

Opened on 1 June 2015, Mediclinic Durbanville Day Clinic is situated in the Northern Suburbs of Cape Town and is the first day hospital to be launched by Mediclinic Southern Africa. The day clinic accommodates planned, minor procedures that allow for admission and discharge on the same day, providing the same quality of patient care.

Physical Address:
45 Wellington Road,
Durbanville, Cape Town, 7550

Postal Address:
Private Bag X15,
Durbanville, Cape Town, 7551
T +27 21 980 2135

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours - Durbanville Day Clinic

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Durbanville Day Clinic

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC EMFULENI

Mediclinic Emfuleni, in Vanderbijlpark is supported by specialists in most medical and surgical disciplines, as well as by general practitioners and other healthcare experts.

Physical Address:
6 Jan Van Riebeek Blvd, Town Centre, Vanderbijlpark, 1911

Postal Address:
Private Bag X020, Vanderbijlpark, 1900
T +27 16 950 8000
F +27 16 950 8012

MEDICLINIC EMFULENI

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Emfuleni

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC ERMELO

Mediclinic Ermelo, situated in the beautiful town of Ermelo in the Mpumalanga, offers a broad spectrum of professional medical services. The hospital is the only one of its kind in the region and serves Ermelo, Hendrina, Bethal, Carolina, Piet Retief, Amersfoort and Volksrust.

Physical Address:
25 Mel Mentz Street, Ermelo, 2356

Postal Address:
Postnet Suite 635, Private Bag x9013, Ermelo, 2350
T +27 17 801 2600
F +27 17 801 2799

MEDICLINIC ERMELO

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Ermelo

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC GARIEP

Mediclinic Gariep, a multidisciplinary hospital with spacious rooms and excellent nursing and medical care is situated in Kimberley, capital city of the Northern Cape.

Physical Address:
112 McDougal Road, El Toro Park, Kimberley, 8300

Postcal Address:
PO Box 2082, Kimberley, 8301
T +27 53 838 1111

MEDICLINIC GARIEP

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Gariep

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC GENEVA

Mediclinic George is situated in George, the main administrative centre of the Southern Cape and together with Mediclinic Geneva in George and Mediclinic Klein Karoo in Oudtshoorn, it forms the core of quality private hospital services in the Southern Cape.

Physical Address:
7 Varing Avenue, Dormehlsdrift, George, 6529

Postal Address:
P O Box 1359, George, 6530
T +27 44 803 2000
F +27 44 874 4452

MEDICLINIC GENEVA

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Geneva

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC GEORGE

Mediclinic George is situated in George, the main administrative centre of the Southern Cape and together with Mediclinic Geneva in George and Mediclinic Klein Karoo in Oudtshoorn, it forms the core of quality private hospital services in the Southern Cape.

Physical Address:
Cnr Gloucester & York Street,
George, 6530

Postal Address:
P O Box 1593, George, 6530
T +27 44 803 2000
F +27 44 874 0932

MEDICLINIC GEORGE

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – George

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC GYNAECOLOGICAL HOSPITAL

Mediclinic Gynaecological Hospital is situated at 132 Celliers Street, Sunnyside, Pretoria. It is a small, intimate hospital which provides special attention and treatment to expectant and new mothers children and medical patients – making it a home away from home. In addition to highly qualified medical specialists, our nursing staff and other personnel are dedicated and professional. We accommodate our younger patients in the general paediatric unit and offer rooming-in facilities at very affordable rates for mothers who wish to stay with their children.

Physical Address:
132 Celliers Street, Sunnyside, Pretoria, 0002

Postal Address:
PO Box 27053, Sunnyside, Pretoria, 0132
T +27 12 400 8700
F +27 12 341 8220

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours - Gynaecological Hospital

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Gynaecological Hospital

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC HEART HOSPITAL

Mediclinic Heart Hospital takes pride in the fact that we were the first, and still are, the only hospital of its kind – a private, specialised heart hospital – in South Africa. An expert blend of skilled specialists, who are not only specialists in their fields of study, but who have developed their own individual fields of interests, complement the highly acclaimed facilities and professional nursing staff. What makes the hospital unique is its intellectual capital, which collectively offers local, national and international patients a specialised spectrum of heart-related medical expertise.

Physical Address:
551 Park Street, Arcadia, Pretoria, 0083

Postal Address:
PO Box 27213, Sunnyside, Pretoria, 0132
T +27 12 440 0200
F +27 12 341 2116

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours - Heart Hospital

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Heart Hospital

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC HERMANUS

The hospital is situated in the breath-taking Walkerbaai area, Hermanus, a much sought after resort, and is the only private hospital servicing the Overstrand area between Somerset West and Mossel Bay.

Physical Address:
Ravenscroft Road, Hermanus, 7200

Postal Address:
Private Bag X11, Hermanus, 7200
T +27 28 313 0168
F +27 28 313 0208

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours - Hermanus

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Hermanus

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC HIGHVELD

Mediclinic Highveld, a multidisciplinary private hospital, is situated in Trichardt, Mpumalanga and offers a 24 hour Emergency Centre for any medical emergency.

Physical Address:
Barney Molokwane Street, Trichardt, 2300

Postal Address:
PO Box 579, Trichardt, 2300
T +27 17 638 8000
F +27 17 638 0799

MEDICLINIC HIGHVELD

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Highveld

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC HOOGLAND

Mediclinic Hoogland, is situated in the beautiful town of Bethlehem in the Free State. The hospital offers quality medical care in comfortable units staffed by highly trained, professional and compassionate nursing, medical and other personnel. The hospital also offers a 24 hour Emergency Centre to assist with medical emergencies.

Physical Address:
De Leeuw Street,
Bethlehem, 9701

Postal Address:
P O Box 1831,
Bethlehem, 9700
T +27 58 307 2000
F +27 58 307 2001

MEDICLINIC HOOGLAND

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Hoogland

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC HOWICK

Mediclinic Howick offers quality medical care in comfortable units staffed by highly trained, professional and compassionate nursing, medical and other personnel. The hospital offers a 24 hour Emergency Centre assisting the community with possible medical emergencies.

Physical Address:
107 Main Street, Howick, 3290

Postal Address:
PO Box 41, Howick, 3290
T +27 33 330 2456
F +27 33 330 2650

MEDICLINIC HOWICK

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Howick

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC KIMBERLEY

Mediclinic Kimberley, a multidisciplinary hospital with spacious rooms and excellent nursing and medical care is situated in Kimberley, capital city of the Northern Cape.

Physical Address:
177 Du Toitspan Road, Kimberley, 8301

Postal Address:
P O Box 2082, Kimberley, 8300
T +27 53 838 1111
F +27 53 838 1299

MEDICLINIC KIMBERLEY

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Kimberley

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC KLEIN KAROO

Mediclinic Klein Karoo, in Oudtshoorn (the ostrich capital) between the picturesque Swartberg and Outeniqua Mountains in the heart of the Klein Karoo, offers local, national and international patients a broad spectrum of professional medical services.

Physical Address:
185 Church Street, Oudtshoorn, 6620

Postal Address:
P O Box 1045, Oudtshoorn, 6620
T +27 44 272 0111
F +27 44 272 0110

MEDICLINIC KLEIN KAROO

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Klein Karoo

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC KLOOF

Mediclinic Kloof is a multidisciplinary private hospital located in Erasmuskloof, Pretoria East. The hospital is conveniently situated within easy reach of the N1. The hospital offers a broad spectrum of professional medical services. A 24 hour Emergency Centre is available to assist the community with possible medical emergencies.

Physical Address:
511 Jochemus Street, Erasmuskloof X3, Pretoria, 0083

Postal Address:
Private Bag X15, Erasmuskloof, Pretoria, 0047
T +27 12 367 4000
F +27 12 367 4001

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours - Kloof

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Kloof

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC LEGAE

Mediclinic Legae, located in Mabopane, 40 km north-west of Tshwane (Pretoria) offers quality healthcare to the community and surrounding areas. A prominent group of medical specialists complements the excellent facilities and professional nursing staff offered by the hospital. A 24 hour Emergency Centre is available to assist the community with possible medical emergencies.

Physical Address:
8560 Unit M Off Makinta Highway, Mabopane, Pretoria, 0190

Postal Address:
Private Bag X18, Rosslyn, 0200
T +27 12 797 8000
F +27 12 702 2229

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours - Legae

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Legae

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC LEPHALALE

Mediclinic Lephalale opened its doors in November 2013. The hospital is well situated in the centre of town in a suburb named Onverwacht and offers a broad spectrum of medical services, including professional consultations, quality medical care and well equipped operating theatres by well qualified specialists, highly trained and professional nursing, medical and other personnel.

Physical Address:
Cnr Douwater and Joe Slovo Street,
Onverwacht, Lephalale, 0557

Postal Address:
PO Box 5274, Onverwacht,
Lephalale, 0557
T +27 14 762 0400
F +27 14 763 0440

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours - Lephalale

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Lephalale

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC LIMPOPO

Mediclinic Limpopo is situated in the beautiful town of Polokwane in Limpopo Province, and serves the communities of Limpopo, Eastern and Northern Botswana and Northern Mpumalanga. The hospital also offers a 24 hour Emergency Centre assisting the community with possible medical emergencies.

Physical Address:
53 Plein Street, Polokwane, 0699

Postcal Address:
PO Box 6078, Polokwane North, Polokwane, 0750
T +27 15 290 3600
F +27 15 290 3905]

MEDICLINIC LIMPOPO

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Limpopo

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC LIMPOPO DAY CLINIC

Co-located alongside Mediclinic Limpopo at 53 Plein Street, Polokwane, this day clinic accommodates minor, planned procedures that allow for admission and discharge on the same day, offering the same quality of patient care.

Physical Address:
70 Plein Street, Polokwane, 0750

Postal Address:
PO Box 6078, Polokwane, 0750
T +27 15 230 9400
F +27 86 674 2528

MEDICLINIC LIMPOPO DAY CLINIC

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Limpopo Day Clinic

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC LOUIS LEIPOLDT

Mediclinic Louis Leipoldt is one of the oldest and best-known private hospitals in the Western Cape. It has been operating for more than 30 years in the most central part of Cape Towns’ Northern Suburbs, Bellville. The hospital and medical centre recently underwent a major building upgrade, ensuring modern facilities compliant with the latest safety standards. A state of the art 24-Hour Emergency Room serves a wide patient population and with 52 fulltime practicing medical specialists, Mediclinic Louis Leipoldt provides a comprehensive support system of varying disciplines and the full spectrum of allied health professionals and services under one roof. This gives specialists the advantage of being able to make their decisions much faster and more accurately, which ensures the best possible outcomes for them and their patients in combination with the reputation for excellent nursing care at this hospital.

Physical Address:
Broadway, Bellville,
Cape Town, 7530

Postal Address:
P O Box 369, Bellville,
Cape Town, 7535

(Please click here for directions)
T +27 21 957 6000
F +27 21 948 7100

MEDICLINIC LOUIS LEIPOLDT

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Louis Leipoldt

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC MEDFORUM

Mediclinic Medforum, a multidisciplinary medical facility, is conveniently situated close to all main access routes to the Pretoria city centre. Mediclinic Medforum was the first hospital in Pretoria to open a cardio-thoracic unit. The hospital offers patients a broad spectrum of professional medical services and impeccable nursing care provided by a highly skilled personnel corps.

Physical Address:
412 Francis Baard Street,
Sunnyside, Pretoria, 0002

Postal Address:
PO Box 30359, Sunnyside,
Pretoria, 0132
T +27 12 317 6700
F +27 12 320 5024

MEDICLINIC MEDFORUM

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Medforum

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC MIDSTREAM

Situated in Midstream Estate in the heart of Centurion, the ultramodern Mediclinic Midstream is the latest addition to Mediclinic Southern Africa’s private hospital portfolio.The 176-bed multidisciplinary hospital is centrally located, which allows for easy access from major highways in the greater Tshwane area.The hospital was designed and built with ecological considerations as a key priority, with various dynamic features that work to minimise the hospital’s impact on the environment.

Physical Address:
Cnr Midstream Drive Midstream Hill Boulevard,
Midstream Hill, Midstream, 1692

Postal Address:
Postnet Suite 1140, Private Bag x1007,
Lyttelton, 0140
T +27 12 6529000

MEDICLINIC MIDSTREAM

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Midstream

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC MILNERTON

Mediclinic Milnerton is situated in the coastal town of Milnerton in the Western Cape. The hospital offers local, national and international patients a broad spectrum of professional medical services, including; professional consultations, quality medical care and well-equipped operating theatres, and continually strives to improve on its well-established reputation for affordable, specialised, professional healthcare in an environment of caring commitment.

Physical Address:
Cnr Racecourse & Koeberg Road,
Milnerton, Cape Town, 7441

Postal Address:
Private Bag X16,
Milnerton, Cape Town, 7435
T +27 21 529 9000
F +27 21 529 9040

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Milnerton

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC MORNINGSIDE

Mediclinic Morningside is located in South Africa’s economic hub of Sandton and has, over the years, received many local and international patients. Mediclinic Morningside is a multidisciplinary specialist hospital. A prominent group of medical specialists complements the excellent facilities and professional nursing staff offered by the hospital.

Mediclinic Morningside
Physical Address:
Cnr Rivonia & Hill Roads,
Morningside, Johannesburg, 2057

Postal Address:
Private Bag X6, Bryanston,
Johannesburg, 2021
T +27 11 282 5000
F +27 11 783 9100

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours - Morningside

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Morningside

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC MUELMED

Mediclinic Muelmed, a multi-discplinary private hospital located in Arcadia, Pretoria, opened the first private trauma unit in Pretoria. The hospital is easily accessible from the N1 and N4 highways on the inbound main road (Pretorius Street) to Pretoria’s central business district. Mediclinic Muelmed offers patients a broad spectrum of professional medical services and has the only private HIV Clinic in Pretoria, managed by a doctor, and a qualified clinician in the testing, counseling and treatment of HIV.

Physical Address:
577 Pretorius Street, Arcadia, Pretoria, 0083

Postal Address:
PO Box 27140, Sunnyside, Pretoria, 0132
T +27 12 440 0600
F +27 86 686 6799

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours - Muelmed

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Muelmed

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC NELSPRUIT

Mediclinic Nelspruit offers a magnificent panoramic view of the Drakensberg Mountain range, and is conveniently situated within easy reach of major arterial traffic routes. The hospital services a community that spreads as far as Belfast to Hoedspruit to Swaziland to Maputo.

Physical Address:
1 Louise Street, Sonheuwel,
Nelspruit, 1200

Postal Address:
P O Box 3250, Nelspruit, 1200
T +27 13 759 0500
F +27 13 745 7135

MEDICLINIC NELSPRUIT

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Nelspruit

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC NEWCASTLE

Mediclinic Newcastle is situated in the beautiful town of Newcastle, and is the only private hospital in north-western KwaZulu-Natal. The management and staff, supported by a multidisciplinary team of specialists and general practitioners, are committed to delivering quality care.

Physical Address:
Cnr Hospital & Bird Street,
Newcastle, 2940

Postal Address:
Private Bag X6626,
Newcastle, 2940
T +27 34 317 0000
F +27 34 317 2955

MEDICLINIC NEWCASTLE

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Newcastle

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC NEWCASTLE DAY CLINIC

Mediclinic Newcastle Day Clinic is co-located alongside Mediclinic Newcastle in the beautiful town of Newcastle, and offers the community of north-western KwaZulu-Natal the flexibility of admission for minor, planned surgical procedures.

Physical Address:
Cnr Hospital & Bird Street, Newcastle Central,
Newcastle, 2940

Postal Address:
Private Bag x6626, Newcastle, 2940
T 034 317 0001
F 034 3172955

MEDICLINIC NEWCASTLE DAY CLINIC

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Newcastle Day Clinic

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC OTJIWARONGO

Mediclinic Otjiwarongo is situated in the town of Otjiwarongo in Namibia and serves residents and tourists from Otjiwarongo, Omaruru, Otavi, and Outjo. The hospital has been a huge success since its inception due to its carefully planned design, sophisticated equipment and facilities, its professional and dedicated staff and management and leading medical professionals.

Physical Address:
Sonn Street, Otjiwarongo, 9000

Postal Address:
P O Box 1085, Otjiwarongo, 9000
T +264 67 303 734
F +264 67 303 542

MEDICLINIC OTJIWARONGO

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Otjiwarongo

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC PAARL

Mediclinic Paarl is a multidisciplinary, private hospital, situated in the beautiful town of Paarl in the heart of the winelands in the Western Cape. In July 2003, the Drakenstein Private Hospital was incorporated with Mediclinic Paarl. The hospital covers a vast service area, including neighbouring towns; Wellington, Franschhoek, Malmesbury, as far as Vredendal, Calvinia and Springbok in the Northern Cape.

Physical Address:
Berlyn Street, Noorder-Paarl,
Paarl, 7646

Postal Address:
P O Box 7267,
Noorder-Paarl, 7623
T +27 21 807 8000
F +27 21 807 8100

MEDICLINIC PAARL

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Paarl

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC PANORAMA

Mediclinic Panorama is a 400 bed multi-disciplinary acute care hospital situated in Panorama, Cape Town. Since opening in August 1986, the hospital has established itself as a referral hospital for the Cape Town Metropole and surrounding areas with referrals from as far as Namibia. It was the first hospital built by Mediclinic Southern Africa. Since its inception the hospital’s success has been due to its professional and dedicated staff, highly skilled doctors and supporting staff.

Physical Address:
Rothschild Boulevard, Panorama,
Cape Town, 7500

Postal Address:
P O Box 15041, Panorama,
Cape Town, 7506
T +27 21 938 2111
F +27 21 938 2146

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours - Panorama

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Panorama

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC PIETERMARITZBURG

Mediclinic Pietermaritzburg is set in a serene, indigenous garden on the banks of the Umzunduzi River. This multidisciplinary hospital serves the community of Pietermaritzburg and the KwaZulu-Natal Midlands, and is superbly equipped with the latest technology.

Physical Address:
90 Payn Street,
Pietermaritzburg, 3201

Postal Address:
P O Box 3342,
Pietermaritzburg, 3200
T +27 33 845 3700
F +27 33 845 3935

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours - Pietermaritzburg

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Pietermaritzburg

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC PLETTENBERG BAY

The hospital, originally a care unit for local retirement villages, was commissioned by Mediclinic in 2006, and is the only private hospital in Plettenberg Bay. Although Mediclinic Plettenberg Bay is one of the smallest hospitals in the group, it follows the typical layout, flow and standards of all other state-of-the-art facilities around the country and in Namibia.

Physical Address:
Muller Street,
Plettenberg Bay, 6600

Postal Address:
PO Box 1495,
Plettenberg Bay, 6600
T +27 44 501 5100
F +27 44 501 5200

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours - Plettenberg Bay

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Plettenberg Bay

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC POTCHEFSTROOM

Mediclinic Potchefstroom is a multidisciplinary private hospital located in Potchefstroom, in the North West Province. The hospital is conveniently situated within easy reach of major arterial traffic routes, OR Tambo International Airport, and other large commercial centres, and offers a multidisciplinary quality service to the doctors and community of Potchefstroom and environs.

Physical Address:
66 Meyer Street,
Potchefstroom, 2520

Postal Address:
P O Box 19901, Noordbrug,
Potchefstroom, 2522
T +27 18 293 7000
F +27 18 297 6225

MEDICLINIC POTCHEFSTROOM

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Potchefstroom

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC SANDTON

Mediclinic Sandton is situated in Bryanston, in the northern suburbs of Johannesburg. Our 24-hour Emergency unit has a dedicated paediatric service designed to put our little patients at ease and speed up the recovery process for them. The multi-disciplinary hospital operates with 301 beds, of which 26 are adult Intensive Care / High Care beds. The hospital has one of the largest private Neonatal Critical Care Units in the country, with the capacity to care for 41 babies. We also have a dedicated 5-bed Paediatric Intensive Care Unit with a major focus on Paediatric surgery. The hospital offers luxury suites in most units, providing an exclusive option for patients from far or patients requiring a spouse or family member to lodge with them. Our staff, doctors and support staff are dedicated to put our patients first and continuously strive to improve the patients’ experience.

Physical Address:
Cnr Main Road & Peter Place,
Bryanston, Johannesburg, 2021

Postal Address:
Private Bag X1, Bryanston,
Johannesburg, 2021
T +27 11 709 2000
F +27 11 463 3126

MEDICLINIC SANDTON

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Sandton

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC SECUNDA

Mediclinic Secunda on the Highveld of Mpumalanga has excellent facilities and professional nursing staff backed by a dedicated group of medical specialists.

Physical Address:
Heunis Street, Secunda, 2302

Postal Address:
PO Box 5577, Secunda, 2302
T +27 17 631 1772
F +27 17 634 1251

MEDICLINIC SECUNDA

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Secunda

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC STELLENBOSCH

Mediclinic Stellenbosch is situated on the banks of the Eerste River in the scenic town of Stellenbosch in the Western Cape Province. The hospital, renowned for its service standards is a multidisciplinary private hospital serving Stellenbosch and the surrounding Winelands region and has a national and international presence, with specific reference to orthopaedic joint replacements.

Physical Address:
1 Elsie Du Toit Drive, Stellenbosch, 7600

Postal Address:
P O Box 12687, Die Boord, 7613
T +27 21 861 2000

MEDICLINIC STELLENBOSCH

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Stellenbosch

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC STELLENBOSCH DAY CLINIC

Opened on 3 June 2019, Mediclinic Stellenbosch Day Clinic is situated in the Brandwacht area of Stellenbosch and is the first day clinic to be launched in the area. The day clinic accommodates planned, minor procedures that allow for admission and discharge on the same day, providing the same quality of patient care.

Physical Address:
1 Elsie Du Toit Drive, Stellenbosch, 7600

Postal Address:
P O Box 12687, Die Boord, 7613
T +27 21 861 2000

MEDICLINIC STELLENBOSCH DAY CLINIC

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Stellenbosch Day Clinic

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC STRAND

Mediclinic Strand is situated in the seaside town of Strand in the Western Cape, South Africa, and offers local, national and international patients a broad spectrum of professional medical services.

Physical Address:
Altena Road, Strand, 7140

Postal Address:
P O Box 877, Strand, 7139
T +27 21 854 7663
F +27 21 854 7940

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours - Strand

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Strand

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC SWAKOPMUND

The hospital, situated in Swakopmund, Namibia is supported by specialists in most medical and surgical disciplines, as well as by general practitioners and other healthcare experts.

Physical Address:
Franziska van Neel Street,
Swakopmund, Namibia

Postal Address:
Po Box 1157, Swakopmund, Namibia
T +264 64 412 200
F +264 64 412 202

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours - Swakopmund

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Swakopmund

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC THABAZIMBI

Mediclinic Thabazimbi is arguably one of the smaller hospitals of Mediclinic Southern Africa, but is by no means small in staff commitment and superb healthcare. Mediclinic Thabazimbi proudly opened the doors of their new hospital premises on 15 December 2017. Located at the foot of the Ysterberg in the bushveld, Mediclinic Thabazimbi services the surrounding farming and mining communities.

Physical Address:
173 Van der Bijl Street,
Thabazimbi, 0380

Postal Address:
Po Box 1845, Thabazimbi, 0380
T +27 14 777 2097
F +27 14 777 2099

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours - Thabazimbi

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Thabazimbi

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC TZANEEN

Mediclinic Tzaneen is nestled in the foothills of the impressive Wolkberg in the Limpopo Province and serves the Tzaneen, Phalaborwa, Hoedspruit, Giyani and Modjadjiskloof regions. This state-of-the-art medical facility offers professional care, complemented by committed doctors and staff.

Mediclinic Tzaneen
Physical Address:
Wolkberg Avenue R71, Tzaneen, 0850

Postal Address:
PO Box 2613, Tzaneen, 0850
T +27 15 306 8500
F +27 15 306 8699

MEDICLINIC TZANEEN

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Tzaneen

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC UPINGTON

Mediclinic Upington, situated in the riverside town of Upington in the Northern Cape offers local, national and international patients a broad spectrum of professional medical services.

Physical Address:
Cnr 4th Avenue & Du Toit Street,
Upington, 8801

Postal Address:
P O Box 2941, Upington, 8800
T +27 54 338 8900
F +27 54 332 3699

MEDICLINIC UPINGTON

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Upington

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC VEREENIGING

Mediclinic Vereeniging is a multidisciplinary private hospital situated in the city centre of Vereeniging, on the tranquil Vaal River. It serves the area known as the Vaal Triangle, which includes the towns of Meyerton, Vanderbijlpark, Sasolburg and Vereeniging.

Physical Address:
Cnr Joubert Street & Hofmeyer Avenue, Vereeniging, 1939

Postal Address:
P O Box 760, Vereeniging, 1930
T +27 16 440 5000
F +27 16 440 5005

MEDICLINIC VEREENIGING

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Vereeniging

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC VERGELEGEN

Mediclinic Vergelegen is situated in the beautiful town of Somerset West in the Western Cape. It is a modern multidisciplinary hospital, well known for its high quality patient, medical and nursing care. The hospital offers a 24 hour Emergency Centre assisting the community with possible medical emergencies.

Physical Address:
Main Road, Somerset West, 7130

Postal Address:
P O Box 95, Somerset West, 7129
T +27 21 850 9000
F +27 21 850 9296

MEDICLINIC VERGELEGEN

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Vergelegen

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC VICTORIA

Mediclinic Victoria in Tongaat, KwaZulu-Natal, is a multidisciplinary hospital which offers excellent healthcare services.

Physical Address:
35 High Street, Tongaat, 4400

Postal Address:
Po Box 1000, Tongaat, 4400
T +27 32 945 8200
F +27 32 944 8200

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours - Victoria

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Victoria

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC WELKOM

Mediclinic Welkom, the first and still only exclusive private hospital in the Free State Goldfields area, offers sophisticated equipment and facilities, professional and dedicated staff and management alongside leading medical professionals.

Physical Address:
Meulen Street, Welkom, 9459

Postal Address:
Private Bag X100, Welkom, 9460
T +27 57 916 5555
F +27 57 916 5000

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours - Welkom

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Welkom

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC WINDHOEK

Mediclinic Windhoek is based in the capital of Namibia, offers local and international patients a broad spectrum of professional medical services, including; professional consultations, quality medical care and well-equipped operating theatres staffed by highly trained and professional nursing, medical and other personnel.

Physical Address:
Heliodoor Street, Eros,
Windhoek, 9000

Postal Address:
P O Box 9819, Windhoek, 9000
T +264 61 433 1000
F +264 61 22 0027

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours - Windhoek

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Windhoek

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC WINELANDS ORTHOPAEDIC HOSPITAL

Situated in Die Boord, on the banks of the Eerste River, Stellenbosch in the Western Cape Province, Mediclinic Winelands Orthopaedic Hosptial and the Institute of Orthopaedics and Rheumatology form a Specialist Institute, dedicated to surgical and medical management as well as rehabilitation of non-emergency musculoskeletal conditions, at the highest possible level.

Physical Address:
Cnr Saffraan & Rokewood Avenue, Stellenbosch, 7600

Postal Address:
PO Box 12687, Die Boord, 7613
T +27 21 861 6300

MEDICLINIC WINELANDS ORTHOPAEDIC HOSPITAL

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Winelands Orthopaedic Hosptial

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

MEDICLINIC WORCESTER

Mediclinic Worcester, surrounded by majestic mountains, is situated in the heart of the Breede River Valley, the largest wine and brandy-producing region in South Africa and serves local residents and visitors to Worcester, including Robertson, Bonnievale, De Doorns, Montagu, Swellendam, McGregor, Ceres and Villiersdorp. Worcester lies on the main route to and from Cape Town, Johannesburg and Port Elizabeth.

Physical Address:
67 Fairbairn Street, Worcester, 6850

Postal Address:
P O Box 564, Worcester, 6849
T +27 23 348 1500
F +27 23 342 7951

MEDICLINIC WORCESTER

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Worcester

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

WELKOM MEDICAL CENTRE

Welkom Medical Centre is an independent, private day hospital offering specialised, state-of-the-art health services to the public. Our healthcare professionals provide high quality surgical care to patients and our friendly staff will make you feel right at home. Welkom Medical Centre – for medical and nursing care as unique as your own fingerprint.

Physical Address:
5 Lategan Street, St. Helena,
Welkom, 9460

Postal Address:
PO Box 2555, Welkom, 9460
T +27 57 352 5630
F +27 86 674 9918

WELKOM MEDICAL CENTRE

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Welkom Medical Centre

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

WITS DONALD GORDON MEDICAL CENTRE

The Wits University Donald Gordon Medical Centre (WDGMC) is the first private academic hospital in South Africa. It was established when the University of the Witwatersrand purchased the Kenridge Hospital in Parktown with a founding donation from the Donald Gordon Trust. In 2005 Mediclinic Southern Africa became a partner with Wits University and was also awarded the management contract. The hospital was established to create a facility in the private sector for training of sub-specialists. This training programme is part of and complementary to the existing training programmes at The Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital, Chris Hani Baragwanath and Helen Joseph hospitals.

Physical Address:
21 Eton Road, Parktown,
Johannesburg, 2193

Postal Address:
Po Box 2072, Houghton,
Johannesburg, 2041
T +27 11 356 6000
F +27 11 482 7651

WITS DONALD GORDON MEDICAL CENTRE

Medi Clinic Visiting Hours – Wits University Donald Gordon Medical Centre

General Wards:

Flexible Visiting Hours apply (09:00 – 20:00), with a resting period between 13:00-15:00, but there may be times when visitors cannot be accommodated. Please enquire at the nurses’ station to confirm if a patient is able to receive visitors

Paediatric and Female Wards, Neonatal ICU, ICU and High Care:

11h00 to 12h00, 15h00 to 16h00 and 19h00 to 20h00

Visiting Hours Arwyp

Visiting Hours Arwyp - Arwyp Hospital Information

Visiting Hours Arwyp Hospital: Monday to Sunday 09:30 – 10:30/10:00 – 11:00 & 15h00 – 16h00 & 19h00/19:15 – 20h00

20 Pine Avenue, Kempton Park, 1619, Gauteng, South Africa

Visiting Hours Arwyp Hospital: Overview

General Ward

10:00 – 11:00
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00

ICU

10:30 – 11:00
15:00 – 16:00
19:15 – 20:00

Maternity

Mother’s birthing partner and Dula:

Allowed 2 nights stay.
Sleeping arrangements are available.

Grandparents 

15:00 – 16:00
19:15 – 20:00

Pediatric Ward

09:30 – 10:30
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00

Parents:

07:00 – 20:00

Thereafter one parent may stay with the child.

Arwyp Hospital Information

20 Pine Avenue, Kempton Park,
1619, Gauteng,
South Africa
26°06’24.5″S 28°14’00.1″E

Emergency Services & Pharmacy Available 24/7

Postal Address:
P.O. Box 3452, Kempton Park, 1620, Gauteng, South Africa 1620
Phone:  +27 (0)11 922 1000
Fax : +27 (0)11 922 1222
Arwyp Medical Center:
arwyp@arwyp.com
Arwyp Training Institute: training@arwyp.com
Visiting Hours Arwyp - Arwyp Hospital Information

Visiting Hours Arwyp – Services

Casualty

The casualty and trauma unit is equipped to handle all situations ‐ no emergency is too small or too big! Trauma trained doctors and staff members are available day and night ‐ all year round.

This unit has been upgraded to a Trauma Level 1 Unit ‐ competent to handle any emergencies! A triage system is in place to ensure that all patients are assessed effectively to ensure medical assistance is given in the shortest time possible. Our doctors are ATLS trained.

We have a specialist on 24 hour call to immediately attend to trauma patients.

A helicopter-landing pad ensures that patients in urgent need of medical care can be set down at Arwyp where they will immediately receive the necessary attention.

The trauma unit is fully supported by our competent team of specialists.

Workmen’s Compensation Act (WCA) cases All WCA cases are handled efficiently at the Arwyp`s 24 hour casualty and trauma unit. Special arrangements can be made with the unit manager to ensure treatment to WCA patients without delay.

Contact details

Phone: 011 922 1055
Entrance: Cnr Blockhouse Rd and Central Ave

Out Patient Department

Day Surgery

For some procedures it is not necessary that the patient remain in hospital overnight. These patients are therefore admitted and discharged on the same day. The day ward is located on the 12th Floor.

Information for day patients Please prepare yourself for a waiting period and bring reading matter or something to keep yourself occupied. After your operation you will recuperate in the ward. The minimum period of stay will be one and a half hours and can be extended depending on your reaction to anaesthetic and the type of procedure performed.

Visiting Hours Arwyp – Cardiology

A branch of medicine that deals with the disorders of the heart as well as some parts of the circulatory system.

The field includes medical diagnosis and treatment of:

  • congenital heart defects
  • coronary artery disease
  • heart failure
  • valvular heart disease
  • electrophysiology

Cardiovascular surgery

The purpose of coronary artery bypass surgery is to improve the blood supply to an area of the heart that has been deprived of adequate circulation. Two procedures are involved: an incision is made in the leg to remove a vein which is then used as a graft to create a new coronary artery. the second incision is made in the chest to enable the surgeon to reach the heart. More than one artery can be blocked and it is then necessary to insert more than one graft.

Terms like double bypass, triple bypass and quadruple bypass indicate the number of grafts required. Coronary artery bypass surgery takes anything from three to six hours, depending on the number of bypasses being inserted. The above procedures are all performed in a cardiac catheterization laboratory also known as a cathlab.

Visiting Hours Arwyp – Dentistry

Also known as Dental and Oral Medicine.

Is a branch of medicine that consists of the study, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, disorders, and conditions of the oral cavity. Commonly in the dentition but also the oral mucosa, and of adjacent and related structures and tissues, particularly in the maxillofacial (jaw and facial) area.

Visiting Hours Arwyp – Dermatology

Services offered in:

  • Basic dermatology and diseases of the hair and nails
  • Mole screening and detection of skin cancer with treatment
  • Surgical procedures, including cosmetics, excision of moles etc
  • Treatment of pigment disorders
  • Skin peels, Botulinum toxin and fillers

Ear, Nose and Throat Department

Treatment of all conditions related to ear, nose and throat problems.

Visiting Hours Arwyp – Endocrinology

Endocrinology is the field of hormone-related diseases. An endocrinologist can diagnose and treat hormone problems and the complications that arise from them.

Hormones regulate metabolism, respiration, growth, reproduction, sensory perception, and movement.

Hormone imbalances are the underlying reason for a wide range of medical conditions.

Endocrinology focuses both on the hormones and the many glands and tissues that produce them.

Humans have over 50 different hormones. They can exist in very small amounts and still have a significant impact on bodily function and development.

Visiting Hours - Arwyp Hospital Overview & Detail

Gastroenterology

Gastroenterology is the study of the normal function and diseases of the oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon and rectum, pancreas, gallbladder, bile ducts and liver. It involves a detailed understanding of the normal action of the gastrointestinal organs including the movement of material through the stomach and intestine, the digestion and absorption of nutrients into the body, removal of waste from the system and the function of the liver as a digestive organ. It includes common and important conditions such as colon polyps and cancer, hepatitis, gastro-oesophageal reflux (heartburn), peptic ulcer disease, colitis, gallbladder and biliary tract disease, nutritional problems, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), and pancreatitis.

Visiting Hours Arwyp – General Practice

Refers to a medical doctor who treats acute and chronic illnesses and provides preventive care and health education to patients.

General Surgery

Once a patient has been admitted to hospital for general surgery, the doctor and the nursing staff will give the patient more specific instructions.

The doctor may do some blood tests, an ECG or take chest x-rays. A full medical and anaesthetic history will be taken and any risk factors reported to the doctor.

A patient may not eat or drink for eight hours prior to surgery. A consent form is signed and a hospital theatre gown is to be worn to theatre.

Any jewellery, dentures, contact lenses and nail polish must be removed.

The anaesthetist may order pre-medication and a urine specimen will be sent to the laboratory for testing.

The patient may need to be shaved or receive a specific skin preparation prior to the procedure and identification bands will be fitted.

Visiting Hours Arwyp – Gynaecology

Treatment of all conditions specifically related to the female body.

Services offered

The ward consists of 1 private room, 2 three bedded rooms, 4 two bedded rooms, 1 six bedded room The ward accommodates female patients with gynaecological problems only; although female patients from other surgical wards are accommodated should the need arise.

Contact details

4th Floor,
Southwing Building (Central Avenue/X-ray department),
Arwyp Medical Centre
Tel: 011 922 1133

Hepato-pancreatobilieary surgery (ERCP’s)

ERCP is a procedure that enables your physician to examine the pancreatic and bile ducts. A bendable, lighted tube (endoscope) about the thickness of your index finger is placed through your mouth and into your stomach and first part of the small intestine (duodenum). In the duodenum a small opening is identified (ampulla) and a small plastic tube (cannula) is passed through the endoscope and into this opening. Dye (contrast material) is injected and X-rays are taken to study the ducts of the pancreas and liver.

What Preparation is Required?

Your stomach must be empty, so you should not eat or drink anything for approximately 8 hours before the examination. Your physician will be more specific about the time to begin fasting depending on the time of day that your test is scheduled.

To make the examination comfortable, you will be sedated during the procedure, and, therefore, you will need someone to drive you home afterward. Sedatives will affect your judgment and reflexes for the rest of the day, so you should not drive or operate machinery until the next day.

Speak to your doctor for any further prerequisites or requirements.

Visiting Hours Arwyp – Internal Medicine

Internal medicine is the medical specialty dealing with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of adult diseases.

Physicians specializing in internal medicine are called internists, or physicians. Internists are skilled in the management of patients who have undifferentiated or multi-system disease processes.

Internists care for hospitalized and ambulatory patients and may play a major role in teaching and research.

Interventional radiology

Interventional radiology is a medical sub-specialty of radiology utilizing minimally-invasive image-guided procedures to diagnose and treat diseases in nearly every organ system.

The concept behind interventional radiology is to diagnose and treat patients using the least invasive techniques currently available in order to minimize risk to the patient and improve health outcomes. These procedures have less risk, less pain and less recovery time in comparison to open surgery.

Visiting Hours Arwyp – Maxillofacial surgery

Treatment of all conditions related to injuries and abnormalities of the face and mouth

Neurology

Neurology is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the nervous system. Neurology deals with the diagnosis and treatment of all categories of conditions and disease involving the central and peripheral nervous systems, including their blood vessels and muscle.

neurologist is a physician specialising in neurology and trained to investigate, or diagnose and treat neurological disorders. Neurologists may also be involved in clinical research, clinical trials, and basic or translational research. While neurology is a nonsurgical specialty, its corresponding surgical specialty is neurosurgery.

Visiting Hours Arwyp – Neurosurgery

Neurosurgery, or neurological surgery, is the medical specialty concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, surgical treatment, and rehabilitation of disorders which affect any portion of the nervous system including the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and extra-cranial cerebrovascular system

Arwyp Medical Centre makes use of the O-arm® Complete Multidimensional Surgical Imaging System, a state-of-the-art machine used in spinal and orthopaedic treatment.

Neurosurgeon is a surgeon specialising in neurosurgery.

Obstetrics and gynaecology

Obstetrics and gynaecology is the medical specialty that encompasses the two subspecialties of obstetrics (covering pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period) and gynaecology (covering the health of the female reproductive system – vagina, uterus, ovaries, and breasts). It’s commonly abbreviated as obs and gynae or O&G.

Visiting Hours Arwyp – Ophthalmology

A branch of medicine and surgery which deals with the diagnosis and treatment of eye disorders.

An ophthalmologist is a specialist in ophthalmology.

Paediatric Pulmonology

Paediatric pulmonology is considered a branch of internal medicine, and is related to paediatrics. Pulmonology often involves managing children who need life support and mechanical ventilation.
Pulmonologists are specially trained in diseases and conditions of the chest, particularly pneumonia, asthma, tuberculosis, emphysema, and complicated chest infections.

Visiting Hours Arwyp – Paediatrics

Services offered

The paediatrics department is a medical ward aimed specifically at treating children with infectious diseases such as meningitis, encephalitis and various respiratory problems. There are a number of isolation cubicles in which the children are nursed. Student care workers are employed specifically to attend to the children at all times by bathing them, feeding them and addressing any needs they may have. The unit also serves as a day ward for children needing grommets and tonsillectomies etc.

Contact details

8th Floor, Arwyp Medical Centre
Rooms 801 – 811 Tel: 011 922-1046 / 1076
Rooms 812 – 816 Tel: 011 922-1203

When enquiring, please remember that patient information will only be given to the child’s parents. Please only enquire after 10h00 as doctors’ rounds take place between 07h00 and 10h00 after which staff will have the correct information regarding the patient’s condition.

Paediatric Surgery

A sub-specialty of surgery involving the surgery of fetuses, infants, children, adolescents, and young adults.

Pathology

Lancet Laboratories

Lancet Laboratories is one of the leading pathology laboratories operating throughout Africa, providing vital diagnostic and monitoring pathology services in South Africa, Botswana, Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, Nigeria, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Email: service@lancet.co.za
Tel: 0861526238

Updated: 25/09/2019 from: lancet.co.za

Ampath Pathologist

Ampath delivers reliable and life-saving test results through our network of over 140 pathologists and more than 300 laboratory facilities. With compassionate awareness of the highly sensitive nature of patient care and confidentiality, we adhere to strict protocols governing patient’s personal and confidential information in our laboratories. Pathologists play an active role in the laboratory by guiding and assisting the testing of the patient’s specimen to ensure accurate results.

Updated: 25/09/2019 from: ampath.co.za

Email: custcare@ampath.co.za
Tel: 012 678-1001

Plastic and reconstructive surgery

Reconstructive surgery is, in its broadest sense, synonymous with plastic surgery.
Commonly, however, reconstructive surgery is understood as the use of surgery to restore the form and function of the body, which does not include aesthetic or cosmetic surgery.

For example, plastic surgeons, maxillo-facial surgeons and otolaryngologists do reconstructive surgery on faces after trauma and to reconstruct the head and neck after cancer.

Prosthodontics

Prosthodontics, also known as dental prosthetics or prosthetic dentistry, is the area of dentistry that focuses on dental prostheses

It’s a dental specialty pertaining to the diagnosis, treatment planning, rehabilitation and maintenance of the oral function, comfort, appearance and health of patients with clinical conditions associated with missing or deficient teeth or oral and maxillofacial tissues using biocompatible substitutes.

Psychiatry

A medical specialty devoted to diagnosing, preventing, and treating mental disorders. These include various maladaptations related to mood, behavior, cognition, and perceptions. See glossary of psychiatry.

Pulmonology

Pulmonology is known as chest medicine and respiratory medicine in some countries and areas. Pulmonology is considered a branch of internal medicine, and is related to intensive care medicine.

Pulmonology often involves managing patients who need life support and mechanical ventilation. Pulmonologists are specially trained in diseases and conditions of the chest, particularly pneumonia, asthma, tuberculosis, emphysema, and complicated chest infections.

Rheumatology Services

The role of the rheumatologist is to diagnose (detect), treat and medically manage patients with arthritis and other rheumatic diseases. These health problems affect the joints, muscles, bones and sometimes other internal organs (e.g., kidneys, lungs, blood vessels, brain).
Because these diseases are often complex, they benefit from the care of an expert. Only rheumatologists are experts in this field of medicine. The rheumatologist interacts with the patient and family, gives health information and partners with other health care providers.

The rheumatologist assesses:

  • Signs (from a physical exam) and symptoms (what you see and how you feel), including systemic (whole body) involvement by a rheumatic disease
  • Joint disorders
  • Overall function, including physical, mental well-being and level of independence
  • Results of advanced imaging and lab tests

Speech Therapy

Speech-Language Pathology is a field of expertise practiced by a clinician known as a speech-language pathologist (SLP) or a speech therapist. SLP is considered a “related health profession” or “allied health profession”

SLPs specialize in the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of communication disorders (speech disorders and language disorders), cognitive-communication disorders, voice disorders, and swallowing disorders. SLPs also play an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of autism spectrum disorder (often in a team with pediatricians and psychologists).

Urology

Treatment of all urologically related problems

Vascular Surgery

Vascular surgery is a surgical subspecialty in which diseases of the vascular system, or arteries, veins and lymphatic circulation, are managed by medical therapy, minimally-invasive catheter procedures, and surgical reconstruction.

Visiting Hours Union Hospital

Visiting Hours Union Hospital

Visiting Hours Union Hospital : Monday to Sunday 10h00 – 11h00/11h00 – 12h00 & 15h00 – 16h00 & 19h00 – 20h00

24 – 12th Avenue, Linksfield West, Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa

Visiting Hours Union Hospital: Overview

Cardiac ICU

Monday-Friday
11:00 – 12:00
15:00 -16:00
19:00 – 20:00
Saturday, Sunday
11:00 – 12:00
15:00 -16:00
19:00 – 20:00
Public Holiday
11:00 – 12:00
15:00 -16:00
19:00 – 20:00
No children under 12 years allowed

Dayward

Monday-Friday
10:00 – 11:00
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00
Saturday, Sunday
10:00 – 11:00
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00
Public Holiday
10:00 – 11:00
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00
No children under 12 years allowed

General ICU

Monday-Friday
11:00 – 12:00
15:00 -16:00
19:00 – 20:00
Saturday, Sunday
11:00 – 12:00
15:00 -16:00
19:00 – 20:00
Public Holiday
11:00 – 12:00
15:00 -16:00
19:00 – 20:00
No children under 12 years allowed

Highcare Ward

Monday-Friday
11:00 – 12:00
15:00 -16:00
19:00 – 20:00
Saturday, Sunday
11:00 – 12:00
15:00 -16:00
19:00 – 20:00
Public Holiday
11:00 – 12:00
15:00 -16:00
19:00 – 20:00
No children under 12 years allowed

Section 1 – Medical Ward

Monday-Friday
10:00 – 11:00
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00
Saturday, Sunday
10:00 – 11:00
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00
Public Holiday
10:00 – 11:00
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00
No children under 12 years allowed

Section 2 – Peadiatric Ward

Monday-Friday
10:00 – 11:00
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00
Saturday, Sunday
10:00 – 11:00
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00
Public Holiday
10:00 – 11:00
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00
No children under 12 years allowed

Visiting Hours Union Hospital : Monday to Sunday 10h00 – 11h00/11h00 – 12h00 & 15h00 – 16h00 & 19h00 – 20h00

Section 2 – Trauma Surgical

Monday-Friday
10:00 – 11:00
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00
Saturday, Sunday
10:00 – 11:00
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00
Public Holiday
10:00 – 11:00
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00
No children under 12 years allowed

Section 3 – Surgical Ward

Monday-Friday
10:00 – 11:00
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00
Saturday, Sunday
10:00 – 11:00
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00
Public Holiday
10:00 – 11:00
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00
No children under 12 years allowed

Section 4 – Ortho/Neuro

Monday-Friday
11:00 – 12:00
15:00 -16:00
19:00 – 20:00
Saturday, Sunday
11:00 – 12:00
15:00 -16:00
19:00 – 20:00
Public Holiday
11:00 – 12:00
15:00 -16:00
19:00 – 20:00
No children under 12 years allowed

Section 5 – Cardiac Ward

Monday-Friday
10:00 – 11:00
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00
Saturday, Sunday
10:00 – 11:00
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00
Public Holiday
10:00 – 11:00
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00
No children under 12 years allowed

Section 6 – General Surgical

Monday-Friday
10:00 – 11:00
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00
Saturday, Sunday
10:00 – 11:00
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00
Public Holiday
10:00 – 11:00
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00
No children under 12 years allowed

Section 7 – Surgical

Monday-Friday
10:00 – 11:00
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00
Saturday, Sunday
10:00 – 11:00
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00
Public Holiday
10:00 – 11:00
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00
No children under 12 years allowed

Sleep Lab

Monday-Friday
10:00 – 11:00
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00
Saturday, Sunday
10:00 – 11:00
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00
Public Holiday
10:00 – 11:00
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00
No children under 12 years allowed

Visiting Hours Union Hospital

Netcare Union Hospital Information

The hospital is situated in Alberton in the Gauteng province.  Alberton is situated in the southern part of the East Rand of Gauteng and close to Johannesburg and Pretoria.  The town of Alberton has several access roads to all the major highways in Gauteng.

Alberton is close to several towns on the East Rand which includes Germiston (20km), Boksburg (25km) and Brakpan (35km).  Johannesburg lies about 15km to the North-West and Pretoria about 75km to the North of Alberton.

The hospital is easily accessible via the N12 to the North, the N3 to the East, the R554 to the South and the R59 to the West of the hospital.  A 24-hour accident and emergency unit with a helicopter landing pad serves the community around the clock.

Visiting Hours Union Hospital : Monday to Sunday 10h00 – 11h00/11h00 – 12h00 & 15h00 – 16h00 & 19h00 – 20h00

The hospital has 222 beds and offers multiple medical services with advanced facilities, equipment and dedicated medical staff.  Patients in need of advanced high care receive around the clock medical services and care at the 30 bed intensive care and 10 bed cardiac intensive care units.

The maternity unit provide quality medical care and services to mothers and babies.  Specialised services are offered at the cardiothoracic unit.  The unit includes 2 catheterisation laboratories, a 10 bed intensive care unit and a cardiac surgery department with a cardiac theatre.  Some of the professional medical services offered at the unit includes coronary angioplasty, 3D echocardiography, rotational atherectomy and transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI).

Visiting Hours Union Hospital: Hospital General Manager

Esme Abrahams – 011 724 2000

Nursing Manager

H Swart – 011 724 2000

Address & contact details

47 Clinton Road, New Redruth, Alberton, 1449

PO Box 1002, Alberton, 1450

GPS: -26.27017,28.12096
Tel: 011 724 2000
Fax: 011 724 2002
Website:  netcare.co.za

Disciplines and Services

Cardiology
Cardiothoracic surgery
Dermatology
Ear, nose and throat surgery (Otorhinolaryngology)
Emergency medicine
Gastroenterology
General practice
General surgery
Gynaecology
Internal medicine
Maxillo-facial and oral surgery
Nephrology
Neurology
Neurosurgery
Nuclear medicine
Ophthalmology
Orthopaedic surgery
Plastic and reconstructive surgery
Urology
Vascular surgery

Netcare Akasia Hospital

Netcare Akasia Hospital Overview

Find all information about Netcare Akasia Hospital here with Strydom Web Directory

Netcare Akasia Hospital Overview

The hospital is located in Akasia in Pretoria, Gauteng.  Akasia is a development of suburbs in the Northern part of Pretoria.  Akasia are a combination of the suburbs of Karenpark, Amandasig, Eldorette, Nina Park, Clarina, Theresapark, Flourana, Hesteapark and Chantelle.  The hospital is situated in Karenpark and is nestled between Amandasig and Chantelle.

Akasia Hospital, also known as Netcare Akasia Hospital, is a 162-Bed private hospital owned by the Netcare group. The hospital is situated in Karen Park, Akasia, Pretoria and serves private and medical aid patients in the area. The hospital has a 24-hour Emergency and Accident Unit as well as an Ambulance service.

Netcare Akasia Hospital Overview

Akasia Private Hospital is situated on the corner of Heinrich and Brits road in the suburb of Akasia in Pretoria, Gauteng. Brits road is accessible from the Mabopane Highway/R80. Parking is available on the hospital premises. The GPS coordinates of the hospital are -25.6731, 28.1078.

The hospital has 162 beds and offers multiple specialised medical disciplines.  Mothers and babies are cared for at the maternity unit which also offer antenatal classes, baby milestone monitoring, breastfeeding support and immunisations.  The neonatal intensive care unit care and support babies around the clock with state-of-the-art equipment and dedicated staff.

Critically ill and injured patients receive high quality medical care and services at the well-equipped ICU and surgical ward units.  Specialised services offered by highly trained staff and professionals include endocrinology, nephrology, neurosurgery for head trauma, paediatrics and HIV specialisation.

The hospital also offers a radiology unit with diagnostic equipment which includes MRI, CT scans, specialised sonar and trauma radiology.  Patients suffering for mental conditions receive special care at the mental health unit.

Netcare Akasia Hospital PAYMENT

Medical Aid patients are to follow guidelines set out by their Medical Aid Fund. Private patients will be provided with an estimate by the hospital. The estimate is not the final bill, as many factors determine the final amount, such as specialist fees. The estimate provided by the hospital is payable prior to admission in cash, by eft/internet transfer or debit/credit card.

Address & contact details

Corner Heinrich & Brits Avenue, Karen Park Ext. 25, Akasia, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa

customercareakasia@netcare.co.za

Tel:  +27 12 522 1000
Fax:  +27 12 549 1084

Website:  netcare.co.za

Netcare Akasia Hospital Visiting Hours

10h00 – 11h00
15h00 – 16h00
19h00 – 20h00

Netcare Akasia Hospital Visiting Hours

ICU Ward
11h30 – 12h00
15h30 – 16h00
19h15 – 19h45

NNICU
Parents can visit anytime during the day.
Grandparents and siblings can visit only Sundays 11h00 – 12h00.

Wellness Ward
15h00 – 16h00
19h00 – 20h00

Disciplines

Netcare Akasia Hospital Disciplines

  • Dentistry
  • Ear, nose and throat surgery (Otorhinolaryngology)
  • Family practice
  • General practice
  • General surgery
  • Gynaecology
  • Internal medicine
  • Maxillo-facial and oral surgery
  • Nephrology
  • Neurology
  • Neurosurgery
  • Oncology
  • Orthopaedic surgery
  • Paediatric surgery
  • Paediatrics
  • Plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • Psychiatry
  • Urology

Netcare Akasia Hospital SPECIALIST SERVICES

The following services are offered at Akasia Private Hospital:

  • ENT Surgery
  • General surgery
  • Gynecology and obstetrics
  • Internal Medicine
  • Maxillo-facial surgery
  • Neuro-Surgery
  • Ophthalmology
  • Orthopaedics
  • Paediatrics
  • Paediatric surgery
  • Pathology
  • Plastic – and reconstructive surgery
  • Psychiatry
  • Dedicated voluntary Psychiatric unit.
  • Radiology
  • Urology
  • Storks Nest
  • Netcare 911
  • Pharmacy

Netcare Kokstad Private Hospital

Netcare Kokstad Private Hospital Overview

Find all information about Netcare Kokstad Private Hospital here with Strydom Web Directory

Netcare Kokstad Private Hospital Overview

Kokstad Private Hospital is a 40 bed Netcare affiliated hospital in Southern KZN. It is attached to the Kokstad Medical Centre, a multidisciplinary rural general practice with seven general practitioners.

The hospital is a secondary level facility with a 24Hr Casualty, Maternity unit, Pediatric unit, general medical and general surgical unit as well has high care facilities and 2 theaters.

Netcare Kokstad Private Hospital Overview

The hospital is predominantly utilized by general practitioners who place great importance on the need for comprehensive integrated healthcare, involving consultations, admissions, investigations and procedures.

KPH was started in 2005 by a group of motivated general practitioners that had been practicing in Kokstad for many years. They were driven to provide Kokstad with a world class private facility that would serve both the local community and the large drainage area of surrounding towns that feed into Kokstad as a service centre. It was specifically designed to service all members of our rainbow nation.

Starting with just 12 beds, Kokstad Private Hospital has grown to 40 beds and it is our hope to continue this path of development. It is our vision to continually improve our service offering to the communities of the Greater Kokstad Region, for example our latest development is the installation of a CT scan with state-of-the-art tele-radiology

Address & contact details

51 Barker Street, Central, Kokstad, 4700

PO Box 112, Kokstad, 4700

GPS: -30.54839,29.422565

Tel: 039 797 8340

Fax: 039 727 4598

info@kokstadprivatehospital.co.za

Netcare Kokstad Private Hospital Visiting Hours

General Wards
11:00 – 11:30
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00

Netcare Kokstad Private Hospital Visiting Hours

Maternity
11:00 – 11:30
15:00 – 16:00
19:00 – 20:00
Fathers are not restricted to visiting hours during daytime.

Firearms must please be handed in at the local SAPS prior to admission.

Headphones for TV viewing while in hospital are available from reception at R20-00 a pair (subject to change).

Muelmed Hospital

Unitas Hospital Orthopedic Surgeon

Entabeni Hospital Visiting Hours

Sunninghill Hospital Visiting Hours

Kingsbury Hospital Visiting Hours

Visiting Hours Unitas Hospital

Patients scheduled for theatre

  • Patients that are scheduled for theatre should not eat from midnight on the night before the operation, unless if it is otherwise indicated by your treating doctor.
  • If you are scheduled as a day case, it is important to arrange transport home for the afternoon.
  • In some cases it might be safer not to drive yourself home after the procedure due to drowsiness and impaired coordination. Please try to make other arrangements for transport if possible. Feel free to discuss this with your doctor or anaesthetist.
  • Your medical aid will not pay for you to be admitted the day before your operation and will not pay for an overnight stay if you are booked for day case surgery.

General Practitioners

Dr Brett Craig – Kokstad Medical Centre – 039 727 2167

Dr Deirdre Duminy – Kokstad Medical Centre – 039 727 2167

Dr Hugo Groeneveld – Kokstad Medical Centre – 039 727 2167

Dr Peter Kaitakirwa – 039 727 1871

Dr Ntombizolundi Makongwana – 69 Hope Street, Kokstad – 039 727 5514

Dr Rogers Mugisha – 039 727 4867

Dr Ndumiso Ntuli – Kokstad Medical Centre – 039 727 2167

Dr Phillip Pinga – Kokstad Medical Centre – 039 727 2167

Dr Malcolm Rivett – Kokstad Medical Centre – 039 727 2167

Dr Aloyse Shayo – 36 Dower Street, Kokstad – 039 727 2246

Netcare Kokstad Private Hospital Specialists

Dr Pieter de Bruin – Specialist Urologist – 039 682 3632 – Port Shepstone Rooms – 039 727 2167 – Kokstad Private Hospital Specialist Suite

Dr Etienne de Villiers – Specialist ENT Surgeon – 033 394 8493 – Pietermaritzburg Rooms – 039 727 2167 – Kokstad Private Hospital Specialist Suite

Netcare Kokstad Private Hospital Specialists

Dr Dumisani Mkhize – Specialist Orthopaedic Surgeon – 039 727 1576 – Pick n Pay Centre, Kokstad

Dr Mziwohlanga Mdondolo – Specialist Obstetrician and Gynaecologist – 039 727 2167 – Kokstad Private Hospital Specialist Suite

Dr Danie Otto – Specialist General Surgeon – 039 317 1556 – Margate Private Hospital – 039 727 2167 – Kokstad Private Hospital Specialist Suite

Dr Fiks Qoboshiyane – Specialist Ophthalmologist – 031 304 5834 – ​Main Street Kokstad

Dr Lomon Rautenbach – Specialist General Surgeon – 039 317 4494 – Margate Private Hospital Suite 7 – 039 727 2167 – Kokstad Private Hospital Specialist Suite

Dr Nkanyiso Zwane – Specialist Oncologist – 031 207 5345 – Parklands Hospital, Durban – 039 727 2167 – Kokstad Private Hospital Specialist Suite

Netcare Kokstad Private Hospital FACILITIES & SERVICES

24-Hr Accident and Emergency Unit – Emergency Contact Number – 039 797 8340
Maternity
Surgical Procedure List
Radiology
Pharmacy
Coffee Shop

Website

General Surgery

Trauma
Appendicectomies
Hernia repairs
Incision/excision biopsies
Removal of masses
Limb amputations

Endoscopy

Gastroscopy
Colonoscopy
Bronchoscopy

Urology

Vasectomies
Circumcisions
Testicular Torsions
Cystoscopies
Prostate Biopsies and screening

Gynaecology and Obstetrics

Caesarian Sections
Cervical cone biopsies
Diagnostic dilation and curettage
Ovarian Cystectomies
Ectopic pregnancies

Ear, Nose and Throat

Tonsillectomies
Grommet insertion
Adenoidectomies
Tympanometry
Audiometry
Sleep Apnoea screening
Nasopharyngoscopy

Orthopaedics

General orthopaedic trauma
Arthroscopies

Lenmed Ethekwini Hospital

Lenmed Ethekwini Hospital

Lenmed Ethekwini Hospital – An ultra-sophisticated and digitally integrated hospital north of Durban. The hospital prides itself on being one of the few in the country where heart, lung and kidney transplants are performed. It is the only hospital In Kwa-Zulu Natal that offers much needed services for Paediatric Cardiac Surgery. The hospital was voted as one of SA’s top 20 hospitals, for five consecutive years.

Lenmed Ethekwini Hospital Overview

The hospital is located at 11 Riverhorse Drive, Queen Nandi Drive, Durban in the KwaZulu Natal. Nearby main roads are the N2 highway to the East of the hospital and the M45 to the North. The hospital is located in Durban North.

Lenmed Ethekwini Hospital & Heart Centre is conveniently located between Durban and Umhlanga, just off the N2 freeway.  The hospital is accessed via the Nandi Road offramp and is situated at the River Horse Valley Business Estate.

    • 373 Beds
    • 24 Hour Accident & Emergency Unit
    • Cardiac Centre of Excellence for Adult & Paediatric Cardiac Surgery
    • Cardiac Catheterisation Labs
    • Cardiac Theatre
    • 4 Major Operating Theatres
    • 42 Bed ICU
    • Neuro Operating Theatre
    • Stroke Centre of Excellence
    • Renal Centre of Excellence
    • Transplant Program
    • Clinical Pharmacy for in patients and out patients
    • State of the art Radiology and Pathology services
    • A pharmacy for outpatients and hospital patients
    • A coffee shop

Lenmed Ethekwini Hospital – Ultra-sophisticated and digitally integrated

Lenmed Ethekwini Hospital

Ethekwini Hospital And Heart Centre Contacts & Directions

Lenmed Ethekwini Hospital & Heart Centre
11 Riverhorse Road, Riverhorse Valley Business Estate, Queen Nandi Drive, Durban, 4017

Email: info@ehhc.co.za

For more information on Lenmed Ethekwini Hospital & Heart Centre  please call +27 (0)31 581 2400

Visiting Hours

Visitors to the hospital are a welcome and important part of the patient’s recuperation. However, to ensure that the patient receives adequate rest and for the smooth running of the hospital, certain restrictions may be necessary. For the comfort and safety of all patients please adhere to the following rules:

Visiting hours are as follows:

Cardiac Centre: CCU & SCCU – 11:30 – 12:00 (Next of kin only) & 15:00 – 16:00 & 19:00 – 20:00
Cardiac Ward – 15:00 – 16:00 & 19:00 – 20:00
Maternity – 15:00 – 16:00 & 16:00 – 17:00
Grandparents & Siblings Only 19:00 – 20:00
Husbands & Partners are allowed all day between 8:00 – 20:00
MICU & SICU – 15:00 – 16:00 & 19:00 – 20:00
Paediatric Ward – 15:00 – 17:00
Medical & Surgical wards – 15:00 – 16:00 & 19:00 – 20:00

• Only two visitors at the bedside at any one time.
• For their safety, no children under 12 are permitted into the intensive care units or the wards.
• Please do not visit the hospital if you are suffering from an infectious illness such as cold, flu or other infection.
• For maternity patients, special visiting times for siblings and grandparents will be arranged. You will be advised of these times on admission.

Please note that the above serves as a guide and that visiting arrangements are subject to the discretion of the ward / unit nursing staff.

Lenmed Ethekwini Hospital – Ultra-sophisticated and digitally integrated

Management

Our hospital management team can be contacted using the main switchboard numbers 031 581 2400.

Hospital General Manager – Niresh Bechan
Services Manager – Vegan Naicker
Finance Manager – Yogita Maharaj
Marketing Manager – Sheena Dhunlal
HR Manager – Tasheeka Moodley
Nursing Services Manager – Charlotte Raman

Ethekwini Hospital And Heart Centre Facilities For Visitors

Public Phone
Both cash and card public telephones are available in the main reception area – phone cards are obtainable from the coffee shop.

Coffee Shop
A Café Dulce coffee shop is located on the Ground Floor, serving hot and cold beverages and a selection of light meals, sandwiches and snacks.

Café Dulce – 031 581 2316

Vending Machines
For easy access to cold beverages and snacks, vending machines are located at selected sites in the hospital.

Gift Shop
A gift shop selling cards, flowers and small gifts is located on the Ground Floor.

Pharmacy
The hospital pharmacy is available to patients, outpatients and visitors. The pharmacy supplies prescription and non prescription medicines as well as a range of toiletries, cosmetics and gifts.

Retail pharmacy – 031 581 2611

Pharmacy Manager
Rekha Singh – 031 581 2609

Umhlanga Hospital Visiting Hours

Muelmed Hospital Maternity Ward

Wilgeheuwel hospital visiting hours

Flora Clinic ICU Visiting Hours

Unitas Hospital Orthopedic Surgeon

Entabeni Hospital Visiting Hours

Sunninghill Hospital Visiting Hours

Kingsbury Hospital Visiting Hours

Visiting Hours Unitas Hospital

Lenmed

Close Corporation South Africa

Close Corporation South Africa - Strydom Conglomerate

Close Corporation South Africa – A close corporation (or CC) is a type of South African legal entity which was usually chosen for smaller businesses. Under the new Companies Act of 2008, close corporations can no longer be registered and they will be phased out over time.

Strydom Conclomerate can register your business for you : Click here for more info : Close Corporation Company Registration PTY (LTD) Pricing

Close Corporation under South African Law

The Close Corporation is the simplest company type in South Africa. This article explains its basic structure.
The company type Close Corporation (hereinafter referred to as CC) is from an international perspective a rare type of a simplified limited liability company. It was introduced in 1984 and is still today the most popular legal form to conduct business within South Africa as well as over the borders. It represents a cheap alternative to the established limited liability companies with share capital, being the Private Company and the Public Company under the Companies Act. Though it will probably phased out under the Companies Act, it will still be valid for the next 10 years.

What is a close corporation?

A close corporation is a legal entity much like a company. A CC is run and administered by its members, who must be natural persons (i.e. not other legal entities). A close corporation’s members are like a company’s shareholders. In the past, the members of a close corporation usually chose the entity because it was cheaper and easier to administer than a private company ((Pty) Ltd). The business could be mature or a start-up, but it could only have a maximum of 10 members. In the past, companies used to have many regulations and requirements that made the entity difficult for small businesses. These extra requirements made the close corporation a much more attractive business form.

Why small businesses need websites

Close Corporation South Africa – Under the new Companies Act

The new Companies Act does not allow new close corporations to be registered anymore, but close corporations that already exist are still valid entities. If you are looking for an entity to govern your new business, you will need to register a company. The distinction between a CC and a company is being phased out, and private companies now offer many of the same benefits (and sometimes more) as old close corporations. It is easy to convert a CC to a company, and many larger close corporations have done so. In future, there will simply be small (old CCs and private companies) and large companies.

Incorporation

A CC has minimum one but maximum 10 members, being the owners of the company, due to the fact that this company type should be used for small scale entrepreneurs and business starters. Only natural persons can be members of a CC, a legal entity, no matter where incorporated, cannot be member of a CC. The Incorporation of a CC is initiated with the founding statement of the members. It contains the basic layout for the CC and can be amended later amongst the members by concluding an association agreement that is not accessible for any non-member.

Close Corporation South Africa - Strydom Conglomerate

Close Corporation South Africa – Name

A few weeks before the founding statement is lodged with the registrar of companies, an application for name reservation has to be made. Once the name is approved this reservation is valid for two months during which the founding statement has to reach the registrar. The name has to end on the letters ‘CC’ or ‘BK’, being the Afrikaans translation , while it is possible to check six name alternatives at the same time on the same form. For selecting a proper name the standard rules for naming a company apply. Besides the names of all members the name of the company has to feature on all business correspondence, s41 Close Corporations Act.

Representation

The rules of representation usually are fixed in the association agreement. The main difference between the CC and other types of company is, that it has no registered director, only a registered accounting office, who is not usually acting to represent the CC but rather to receive all relevant and official correspondence. In daily business the CC is usually represented by its members as long as they are not legally hindered to do so. Restrictions in representation amongst members are only valid if made known to the third party in question.

Liability

Due to the fact that the CC has got its own legal persona, the company is responsible for all its statutory as well as contractual and delictual liabilities. Under exceptional circumstances certain members may attract liability if behaving in contradiction to the law.

Liquidation and winding up

A CC may be resolved out of various reasons and by different parties. Beside the voluntary liquidation of a solvent CC based on an unanimous resolution , 50% of the members may lodge an application to the court to liquidate the CC. Other reasons are in the framework of the common law, such as insolvency, long-term dormancy or loass of all business. Finally a CC ceases to exist if converted into a Private or Public Company.

Close Corporation South Africa

Financials and Audit

Other than for the Private Company the CC does not need to prepare audited year end balance sheets. A simple Overview of income and expenditures is sufficient to be submitted to the Receiver of Revenue (Taxman).

In essence the CC is a cheap and efficient company for business start-ups, small businesses and property holdings as long as this corporate form exists.

South African company law